Medical Overview

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Medical Overview
2013-01-19 12:40:21

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  1. Awareness that an unseen life-threatening injuries or illness may exist.
    Index of Suspicion
  2. Define SAMPLE
    • S - S/s
    • A - Allergies
    • M - Meds
    • P - Past Pertinent Hx
    • L - Last Oral Intake
    • E - Events leading up to
  3. Define OPQRST
    • O - Onset
    • P - Provocation or Palliation
    • Q - Quality
    • R - Region / Radiation / Referred Pain
    • S - Severity
    • T - Time
  4. The virus that causes infection and ultimately causes AIDS, which damages the cells in the body's immune system so that the body is unable to fight infection or certain cancers.
    Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
  5. HIV takes about ___ days to envelop a cell.
  6. HIV / AIDS is a potential hazard only when deposited on a _____ _____ or directly into the _____.
    • Mucous Membrane
    • Bloodstream
  7. The end-stage disease process caused by HIV.
    Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
  8. Inflammation of the liver, usually caused by a viral infection, that causes fever, loss of appetite, jaundice, fatigue, and altered liver function.
  9. Virus caused by human herpesviruses 1 and 2, characterized by small blisters whose location depends on the type of virus. 
    Herpes Simplex
  10. Herpes simplex type 1 causes blisters in what areas of the body?
  11. Herpes simples type 2 causes blisters in what areas of the body?
  12. Produces a lesion called chancre, which are commonly located in the genital region.
  13. An Inflammation of the meningeal coverings of the brain and spinal cord; it is usually caused by a virus or a bacterium.
  14. A highly contagious form of meningitis.
    Meningococcal Meningitis
  15. TB takes at least __ weeks to show up in lab test.
  16. A chronic bacterial disease that usually affects the lungs but can also affect other organs such as the brain and kidneys.
    Tuberculosis (TB)
  17. An airborne disease caused by bacteria that mostly affects children younger than 6 YOA and presents with fever and a "whoop" sound that occurs when the pt. tries to inhale after a coughing attack.
    • Pertussis
    • Whooping Cough
  18. A bacterium that causes infections in different parts of the body and is often resistant to commonly used antibiotics; it is believed to be transmitted from pt. to pt. via unwashed hands of medical providers.
    Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA)
  19. The incubation period for MRSA is between __ and __ days.
    5 and 45
  20. A virus carried by mosquitos.
    West Nile Virus
  21. Potentially life-threatening viral infection that usually starts with flu-like symptoms.
    Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)
  22. A virus that occurs naturally in the bird population; it is carries in the intestinal tract of wild birds.
    • Avian Flu
    • Bird Flu