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2013-01-18 17:51:58
HON 122

State Building and the Search for Order in the 17th Century
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  1. I.                   The Decline of Spain
    • a.      17th: Spain most populous empire in world, controlling almost all of S. America and some of Asia and Africa
    •                                                               i.      Treasury empty
    • 1.      Philip II went bankrupt in 1596 fromw ar
    • 2.      Philip III spent fortune on court in 1607
    • a.      Allowed greedy minister duke of Lerma to run country
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      Interested in power and wealth for self and family
    • 3.      Armed forces out of date
    • 4.      Government inefficient
    • 5.      Commercial class weak in midst of suppressed peasantry, luxury-loving nobles, and too many priest and monks
  2. I.                   The Decline of Spain
    Philip IV
    •                                                               i.      Reign seemed capable, especially in Gaspar de Guzman, chief minister, the count of Olivares
    • 1.      Dominated king’s moves and tried to revive monarchical interests
    •                                                             ii.      Domestic reforms for curtailing Church and aristocracy’s power
    •                                                           iii.      Political reform to centralive government of spain and possessions
    •                                                           iv.      Little success because number and power of Spanish aristocrats made them too strong
  3. I.                   The Decline of Spain
    Philip and Olivares
    •                                                               i.      Philip and Olivares tried to pursue Spain’s imperial glory through internal revolts
    • 1.      Thirty Years Warà expensive military campaigns that incited internal revolts and years of civil warà unsuccessful revolts
    •                                                             ii.      Battle of ROcroi in 1643: Spanish army destroyed
  4. I.                   The Decline of Spain
    • a.      1640s: no illusion about Spain’s greatness
    •                                                               i.      Foreign losses
    • 1.      Dutch independependence recognized by Peace of Westphalia in 1648
    • 2.      Peace of the Pyrenees with France in 1659 meant surrender of Artois and outlying defenses of the Spain Netherlands as well as certain border regions that went to France