Helminth

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Author:
RUAGORECKI2
ID:
193633
Filename:
Helminth
Updated:
2013-01-18 17:37:49
Tags:
Infectious Diseases Helminth
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Description:
Infectious Diseases Helminth
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  1. What is a Helminth
    Includes the nematodes (roundworms) and the platyhelminths (flatworms).

    Platyhelminths consists of the cestodes (tapeworms) and the trematodes (flukes).
  2. Schistosomiasis symptoms
    Symptoms and physical findings: abdominal pain, enlarged liver and spleen. Blood in the urine.The patient had taken a trip to Egypt over a year ago. During this trip they remembered developing a rash that eventually resolved.
  3. Main species that cause human infection (Schistosomiasis)
    blood trematode Schistosoma (three types)

    • Schistosoma mansoni,
    • Schistosoma haematobium
    • Schistosoma japonicum
  4. Schistosomiasis How many at risk and how many thought to be infected?  Deaths?
    • Estimated 700 million people are at risk.
    • 207-240 million are thought to be infected worldwide with 280,000 deaths annually.
  5. What mainly causes symptoms in Schistosomiasis ?
    Disease symptoms are caused mainly by reactions to the eggs released by the adult worms.
  6. Distribution Schistosomiasis?
    • S. mansoni Africa, South America,
    • S. haematobium Africa
    • S. japonicum South West Asia

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