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  1. I.                   A Wondrous Age of Theater
    England and Spain
    • a.      England and Spain reached heights in writing (1580-1640) written in vernacular except for academic fields, which were written in Latin
    •                                                               i.      Latin not universal literary language
    • b.      Greatest age of English lit= Elizabethan era
    •                                                               i.      Much occurred during reign of Queen Elizabeth I
    •                                                             ii.      Literature= exuberant and pride associated with England’s international exploits at the time, especially drama
  2. I.                   A Wondrous Age of Theater
    William Shakespeare
    •                                                               i.      Son of glovemaker from Straford-upon Avon
    •                                                             ii.      Appeared in London in 1592, Elizabethans were addicted to the stage
    • 1.      In Greater London, 6 theatres opened six afternoons a week (the Globe [thousands; even lower classes to attend] to the Blackfriars[500; well-to do])
    • Playwrights had to appeal to all audiences
  3. I.                   A Wondrous Age of Theater
    William Shakespeare Plays
    •                                                               i.      Wrote plays, was an actor and shareholder in chief company of the time, the Lord Chamberlain’s Company, which played in diverse theatres
    •                                                             ii.      Master of English language and instrumental in codifying a language that was still in transition
    •                                                           iii.      Technical proficieny matched by insight into human psychology; understood the human condition
  4. I.                   A Wondrous Age of Theater
    Spain's Gold Century
    • a.      Spain’s Golden Century
    •                                                               i.      Theatre= one of most creative forms of expression during Spain’s golden century
    • 1.      Theatres in Seville and Madrid in 1570s and run by actors’ companies
    •                                                             ii.      Touring companies and public playhouses
    •                                                           iii.      1580s: agenda for playwrights set by Lope de Vega
    • 1.      Middle-class, prolific writer who wrote witty, charming, action, and realistic plays
    • 2.      Wrote to please audiences, which, to him, was athe foremost duty of the playwright, not fame
  5. I.                   A Wondrous Age of Theater
    French Drama
    •                                                               i.      New dramatic era in France where playwrights wrote more for elite and forced to depend on royal patronage
    • 1.      Louis XIV used theater as he did art and architecture—to attract attention to his monarchy
    •                                                             ii.      Style emphasized the clever, polished, and correct voer emotional and imaginative
  6. I.                   A Wondrous Age of Theater
    •                                                               i.      Themes and plots derived from Classical Greek and roman sources, especially Jean-Baptiste Racine’s
    • 1.      Phedre
    • a.      Racine followed plot of Hipplytus by Euripides
    • 2.      Focused on conflicts, like love and honor, that revealed tragic dimensions of life
  7. I.                   A Wondrous Age of Theater
    Jean-Baptiste Moliere
    •                                                               i.      Jean- baptiste Moliere
    • 1.      Enjoyed favor of French court and benefited from patronage of Louis XIV
    • a.      Wrote, produced, and acted in series of comedies that satirized the religious and social world of his time
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      Tartuffe= ridiculed religious hypocrisy
    •                                                                                                                                     ii.      Satires caused trouble
    • 1.      Paris Clergy didn’t find Tartuffe funny and banned it
    • b.      Only protection of king saved him
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2013-01-19 00:54:39
HON 122

State Building and the Search for Order in the 17th Century
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