Intro to Wellness

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  1. Wellness
    • = Healthy living
    • More than absence of disease
    • Def: Special lifestyle that enhances ones probability of living a full, productive, and enjoyable life.
  2. Practicing Positive Lifestyle Choices
    • Exercise regularly
    • Practice healthy nutrition
    • Good emotional health
    • Good spiritual health

    By doing this you eliminate unhealthy behaviors
  3. Changing Times: Causes of Death
    • Early 1900's - Infectious Diseases *Pheumonia and Influenze*
    • Late 1900's until Now - Lifestyle Disease *Heart diseases and Cancer*
  4. Adopt A Healthy Lifestyle
    • Premature death still occurs despite advances in medical technology
    • Make positive lifestyle choices
    • Decrease risk of lifestyle diseases
  5. Steps to Adopt A Healthy Lifestyle
    • Increase knowledge about health and wellness
    • Assess lifestyle habits honestly
    • Identify habits that need to be changed
    • Set realistic objectives
    • Implement planned changes
    • Monitor the consistency of changes
  6. Dimensions of Wellness
    • 1. Physical Health - Not sick and physical fit
    • 2. Emotional Health - Emotionally stable
    • 3. Intellectual Health - Keep mind active
    • 4. Spiritual Health - Appreciating the beauty around you
    • 5. Social Health - Meaningful interpersonal relationships
  7. Wellness Continuum
    • Optimal Wellness
    • Good Health
    • Average Health
    • Signs of Illness
    • Symptoms of Illness
    • Reversible Disability
    • Irreversible Disability
    • Premature Health
  8. The Exercise Connection
    • Exercise is good for you
    • Reduces risk of some lifestyle diseases
    • Can be readily integrated into daily habits
    • *But it does not guarantee good health
  9. Physical Fitness - Skill Related Physical Fitness
    • Balance
    • Speed
    • Power
    • Agility
    • Coordination
    • Reaction Time
  10. Physical Fitness - Health Related Physical Fitness
    • Cardiorespiratory Fitness: Aerobic Fitness, Cardiovascular Fitness, Cardiorespiratory Endurance
    • Muscular Strength
    • Muscular Endurance
    • Flexibility
    • Body Composition
  11. Cardiorespiratory Fitness
    • Depends on 3 body systems and oyxgen: Respiratory, Cardiovascular, and Muscular
    • Ability to perform endurance exercise
    • Good CFR: Exercising vigorously for 30 to 60 minutes without problems 
  12. Muscular Strength
    • Max ability to generate force
    • Measured by 1 RM
    • Greater the strength, easier the task
  13. Muscular Endurance
    • Ability to generate force repeatedly
    • Measured by repeated contractions
    • Important for ease in everyday tasks
  14. Muscular Flexibility
    • Ability to move joint through full range of motion (ROM) without pain
    • Decreases risk of pain and injury
  15. Body Composition
    • Relative amount of fat tissue and lean tissue
    • Too much fat = obesity and increased risk of health problems
  16. Hypokinetic
    • = too little or no activity - sedentary life
    • Increases hypokinetic disease risk
    • Hypokinetic diseases decrease quality of life: heart disease,, stroke, hypertension, diabetes, osteoporosis, obesity, and certain cancers
  17. Exercise Reduces Risks Of:
    • Heart Disease: by strengthening the heart
    • Hypertension: by lowering blood pressure
    • Diabetes: by regulating blood glucose levels
    • Osteoporosis: by increasing bone mass/density
    • Certain Cancers 
  18. Ultimate Goal of Wellness
    • Increase quality of life - decrease premature death
    • Increase quality of life - increase independent life; decrease morbidity: time spent depending on others for care

Card Set Information

Intro to Wellness
2013-01-19 01:22:46
Fitness Wellness

Fitness and Wellness
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