Paramedic Test #8 - Chapter 19 - Diseases of the Eyes, Ears, Nose, and Throat

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cjl410
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Paramedic Test #8 - Chapter 19 - Diseases of the Eyes, Ears, Nose, and Throat
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2013-01-19 11:36:33
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Paramedic Test Chapter 19 Diseases Eyes Ears Nose Throat
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Paramedic Test #8 - Chapter 19 - Diseases of the Eyes, Ears, Nose, and Throat
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  1. What is the oculomotor nerve?
    The 3rd cranial nerve that innervates the muscles that cause motion of the eyeballs and upper lids. 
  2. What is the cornea?
    Transparent and overlies the iris and pupil.  Clouding causes cataract. 
  3. What is the iris?
    Pigmented portion of the eye that surrounds the pupil.  Contracts and expands to regulate the size of the pupil.  
  4. What is the pupil?
    Circular adjustable opening within the iris through which light passes to the lens.  The hole that gets bigger or smaller because the iris expands or contracts.
  5. What is the retina?
    Extends from optic nerve and receives light impulses.  
  6. What is vitreous humor?
    Jelly-like substance that maintains the shape of the globe. 
  7. What is diabetic retinopathy?
    One in three diabetics older than 40 have it.  Visual disturbances, blurred vision, floaters, blindness. 
  8. What is dysconjugate gaze?
    Discoordination between the movements of the two eyes.  
  9. What is the adnexa?
    Surrounding structures and accessories of the eye. 
  10. Why do you cover the eye?
    Prevent sympathetic eye movement. 
  11. What is chalazion?
    Small swollen bump or pustule on the external eyelid. 
  12. What is a hordeolum?
    Red, tender lump in the eyelid or at the eyelid margin due to a blocked oil duct.  
  13. What is hyphema?
    Bleeding into the anterior chamber of the eye?
  14. What is papilledema?
    Swelling or inflamation of theoptic nerve at the rear part of the eye. 
  15. What is cerumen?
    Ear wax, found in the outer ear. 
  16. What is labryinthitis?
    Feeling of vertigo or loss of balance after ear infection.
  17. What is meniere disease?
    Inner ear disorder affecting >50yos in which endolymphatic rupture creates increased pressure in the cochlear duct.  
  18. What is epistaxis?
    Nosebleed.  Place in sitting position, leaning forward, and pinch nostrils together.  Do not blow nose or sniffle.   
  19. What is sinusitis?
    Thick nasal discharge, facial pressure, headaches. 
  20. What are alveoli?
    Bony sockets for the teeth that reside in the mandible and maxilla. 
  21. What is the hypoglossal nerve?
    Cranial nerve 12 - motor function to the muscles of the tongue. 
  22. What is the glossopharyngeal nerve?
    Cranial nerve 9 - Taste sensation to the posterior of the tongue and carries parasympathetic fibers to the salivary glands on each side of the face.   
  23. What is the trigeminal nerve?
    Cranial nerve 5 - motor innervation to mastication. 
  24. What is the facial nerve?
    Cranial nerve 7 - Motor activity of facial expression, sense of taste to anterior 2/3rds of tongue and cutaneous sensations to tongue and palate.  
  25. What is a dental abscess?
    Bacteria growth spreads directly from the cavity into the gums, facila tissue ,and bones, and/or neck.  
  26. What is thrush?
    Yeast infection that causes white patches in the mouth or tongue.  
  27. What is leukoplakia?
    Smoker's disease that causes excess cell growth in the mouth, cheek, gums, and presents as white patches. 
  28. What is epiglottis?
    Inflammation of the epiglottis (the flap at the base of the tongue that covers the trachea).  It swells and can block the airway.  
  29. What is dysphagia?
    Painful swallowing, stridor.  
  30. What is TMJ?
    Temporomandibular joint.  Allows movement of the mandible to chew, talk.  If the disk erodes or is injured, it can go out of alignment.  

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