German Prepositions

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Author:
moriarty
ID:
193750
Filename:
German Prepositions
Updated:
2013-01-19 12:24:40
Tags:
german prepositions
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Description:
German prepositions and their uses.
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  1. as far as
    up to
    until
    bis (3) + acc.
  2. through
    by means of
    etc.
    • durch (2) + acc.
    • durch + das = durchs
  3. for
    • für + acc.
    • für + das = fürs
  4. against
    etc.
    gegen + acc.
  5. without
    ohne + acc.
  6. around
    at [time]
    etc.
    • um (2) + acc.
    • um + das = ums
  7. out of
    from (place)
    aus (2) + dat.
  8. except for
    besides
    etc.
    außer (2) + dat.
  9. at
    near
    at home of / place of business
    etc.
    • bei (3) + dat.
    • bei + dem = beim
  10. opposite of
    across from
    in relation to
    gegenüber (3) + dat.
  11. with
    mit + dat.
  12. to (cities, countries)
    after
    according to
    nach (3) + dat.
  13. since (time)
    for (time)
    seit (2) + dat.
  14. from (person, space, direction)
    by
    von (2) + dat.
  15. to (people, specific buildings)
    etc.
    • zu + dat.
    • zu + dem = zum
    • zu + der = zur
  16. during
    während + gen.
  17. instead of
    (an)statt + gen.
  18. despite / in spite of
    trotz + gen.
  19. because of
    wegen + gen.
  20. outside of
    außerhalb + gen.
  21. inside of
    innerhalb + gen.
  22. over
    oberhalb + gen.
  23. below
    unterhalb + gen.
  24. on this side of
    diesseits + gen.
  25. on the other side(s) of
    jenseits + gen.
  26. on both sides of
    beiderseits + gen.
  27. at
    to
    on [vertical boundaries]
    etc.
    • an (2) + acc./dat.
    • an + das = ans
    • an + dem = am
  28. onto
    on [horizontal boundaries]
    to [some public buildings]
    • auf (3) + acc./dat.
    • auf + das = aufs
  29. behind
    • hinter + acc./dat.
    • hinter + das = hinters
    • hinter + dem = hinterm
  30. in
    into
    to [building, enclosed space, fem./pl. countries]
    • in (3) + acc./dat.
    • in + das = ins
    • in + dem = im
  31. over
    above
    across
    about [topic]
    etc.
    • über (4) + acc./dat.
    • über + das = übers
    • über + dem = überm
  32. under
    below
    among
    beneath
    etc.
    • unter (4) + acc./dat.
    • unter + das = unters
    • unter + dem = unterm
  33. in front of
    before
    ago
    etc.
    • vor (3) + acc./dat.
    • vor + das = vors
    • vor + dem = vorm
  34. between
    zwischen + acc./dat.
  35. The sudents sit in class.
    Die Studenten sitzen in der Klasse.
  36. The students are going to class.
    Die Studenten gehen in die Klasse.
  37. to (continents, islands, countries, cities, towns)
    • nach (Europa/Tahiti/Deutschland/Köln)
    • in (die USA)
  38. to [a place you'll end up inside of]
    in (die Klasse, den Zoo, die Sauna, den Park, die Stadt, etc.)
  39. to [something you'll end up on]
    auf (die Straße, den Berg, die Weide, die Toilette, etc.)
  40. to [a formal event, a public building]
    auf (eine Party, eine Hochzeit, einen Empfang, die Post, den Market, etc.)
  41. to [town hall, University, the library]
    zu (-m Rathaus, -r Universität, -r Bibliothek, etc.)
  42. to [a precise spot; something that can be perceived as a horizontal or vertical boundary]
    an (die Bushaltestelle, die Kreuzung, die Kasse; die Tür, die Wand, den Tisch, die Grenze, etc.)
  43. to [a direction]
    nach (links, rechts, Norden, Süden, oben, unten, etc.)

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