Chem II Exam 3

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studytaz
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193776
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Chem II Exam 3
Updated:
2013-01-19 21:53:11
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Organic Compounds
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Chem II Exam 3 Organic Compounds
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  1. organic compounds formed from the dehydration that occurs between a carboxilic acid and an alcohol
    ester
  2. general formula for esters
    RCOOR
  3. characteristic IUPAC name ending for esters is
    -ate
  4. these have very pleasant odors
    esters
  5. these are used in the preparation room as deodorants and perfuming agents in embalming fluids,sanitizing sprays, and solvents
    esters
  6. methyl salicylate
    oil of wintergreen

       odor of bengay
  7. organic compounds formed from the dehydration that occurs between two alcohols
    ethers
  8. general formula for ethers
    ROR
  9. very flammable but used as solvents in many products
    ethers
  10. organic compounds characterized by the presence of an amino group
    amine
  11. the functional group in amines
    amino group
  12. the amino group is
    NH2

    derived from ammonia, NH3
  13. the general formula of amines
    RNH2
  14. the IUPAC name ending for amines is
    -amine
  15. associated with the decomposition of proteins in the body causing disagreeable odors
    Amines
  16. organic compounds characterized by the presence of two amino groups
    diamines
  17. 1,4-diamino butane
    putrescine
  18. 1,5-diamino pentane
    cadaverine
  19. derivatives of the Quaternary Ammonium Compounds
    amines
  20. very commonly used disinfectants used in the prep room for disinfecting instruments, the skin, and oral & nasal cavaties
    diamines
  21. derived from ammonia where one of the hydrogens has been replaced by an alkyl group
    amides
  22. the amide IUPAC name ending is
    amide
  23. they are used as solvents in many products
    amides
  24. a compound that ends with the suffix amide
    is an amide
  25. produced as a waste product of the metabolism of proteins
    urea

      a diamide
  26. urea not removed from the body by the kidneys before death
    will "tie-up" or neutralize formaldehyde during the embalming process
  27. this will cause an increase in the formaldehyde demand
    urea
  28. organic compounds characterized by the presence SH functional group
    • Mercaptans
    • or
    • Thioalcohols (Thiols)
  29. similar to alcohols except the oxygen in the hydroxide group is replaced by sulfur
    • Mercaptans
    • or
    • Thioalcohols (thiols)
  30. the general formula for Mercaptans/Thioalcohols (thiols) is
    RSH
  31. naming method for mercaptans/thioalcohols (thiols)
    alkyl name of the parent alkane and add the word "mercaptan"
  32. this substance provides the odor of urine after eating asparagus
    Methyl mercaptan
  33. the substance added to natural gas to give it a detectable odor
    ethyl mercaptan
  34. some of the compounds that provide the odors of decomposition
    • mercaptans
    • or
    • thioalcohols (thiols)

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