NCLEX- Neurologic drugs 2

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Gandrews
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193826
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NCLEX- Neurologic drugs 2
Updated:
2013-01-20 22:06:28
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NCLEX Neurologic drugs
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NCLEX- Neurologic drugs 2
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  1. Donepezil (aricept)
    Cholinesterase inhibitor. (inhibitis cholinesterase from reuptaking ACH allowing more to be in the body). Alzheimer's med
  2. Rivastigmine (Exelon)
    Cholinesterase inhibitor. Alzheimer's med.
  3. Galantamine (Razadyne)
    Cholinesterase inhibitor. Alzheimer's med.
  4. To prevent Nausea and vomiting, the nurse should how should the nurse provide Cholinesterase inhibitors?
    with food.
  5. Why is it important to monitor a patient's heart rate when giving Cholinesterase inhibitors?
    Because they can cause Bradycardia.
  6. When should give donepezil (aricept)
    @ night with or without food.
  7. Cholinesterase inhibitors increase the risk of GI bleeding
  8. What drugs decrease the effects of Donepezil a cholinesterse inhibitor?
    Anticholinergics
  9. What do NMDA receptor antagonist do?
    Help tx patient's with mild to moderate Alzheimer disease.
  10. Interferon beta-1a (avonex)
    Interferon beta- 1b (Betaseron)
    • Immunomodulators used to treat MS.
    • Only routes are IM and SQ
  11. glatiramer acetate (Copaxone)
    Immunomdulator used to tx MS
  12. Natalizumab (Tysabri)
    Immunomodulator used to tx MS
  13. How do immunomodulators work?
    inhibit movement of leukocytes across the blood brain barrier.
  14. Why is it important to monitor the patient's CBC before tx with immunomodulator?
    because immunomodulators can cause bone marrow suppression causes less blood cells to be produced.
  15. Why is important to monitor liver function tests before tx with immunodilator?
    Because immunodilator are toxic to the liver
  16. Sumatriptan (Imitrex)
    Serotonin agonist. Used to treat migraine headaches.
  17. Zolmitriptan (Zomig)
    Serotonin agonist. Used to treat migraine headaches.
  18. What is a common side effect of serotonin agonist?
    Chest heaviness Because it can cause vessels in the lungs to constrict and also coronary artery constriction
  19. Dantrolene (Dantrium)
    (Peripherally acting muscle relaxant) controls muscle plasticity in MS. Acts directly on the spastic muscles and inhibits muscle contraction by preventing the release of CA into the muslces.
  20. Sodium Theopental
    Barbituate. Helps provide rapid induction of hypnosis and anesthesia for brief procedures
  21. Temazepam (Restoril)
    Benzodiazepine
  22. Midazolam (Versed)
    Anesthetic adjunct, Benzodiazepine. Is often given with anesthesia because of its antianxiety and amnesiac properties.
  23. When systemically abosrbed (in large amounts), Lidocaine can cause what especially when used in the spinal cord?
    Hypotension.
  24. Baclofen (Lioresal)
    Centrally acting muscle relaxant
  25. Fetanyl (sublimaze)
    opioid analgesic
  26. Pt can pre-medicate w/ what to help them ease the side effects of inteferon beta drugs such and nausea and vomiting?
    Tylenol or NSAID

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