Chem II Exam 4

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studytaz
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193882
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Chem II Exam 4
Updated:
2013-01-27 13:42:34
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organic compounds
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Chem II Exam 4 organic compounds
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  1. organic compounds arranged so that at least some of the carbons are bonded together in a ring formation
    cyclic compounds
  2. rings with only carbons
    carbocyclic
  3. rings with mostly carbons but another element is present in the ring
    heterocyclic
  4. cyclic compounds that are composed of all single bonds between carbons
    cycloalkanes
  5. those cyclic compounds that are composed of all carbons and hydrogens where there is at least one double bond between carbons in the ring
    cycloalkenes
  6. the double bonds alternate positions continually, but always remain every other one
    benzene
  7. the continual alternating of the double bonds in the structure of benzene is a special physical property
    resonance
  8. makes the bonds difficult to break (and add anything to the structure)
    resonance
  9. because of resonance, benzene must undergo ___________ reactions
    • replacement
    • or
    • substitution
  10. cyclic compounds that contain a resonance-stabilized ring are considered
    aromatics
  11. those aromatic compounds in which at least one of the hydrogens has been replaced with a hydroxide group
    aromatic hydroxides
  12. a benzine ring with a hydroxide group
    aromatic hydroxides
  13. a very commonly used disinfectant
    • hydroxy benzene
    • phenol
    • carbolic acid
  14. a good bleaching agent
    • hydroxy benzene
    • phenol
    • carbolic acid
  15. a preservative
    • hydroxy benzene
    • phenol
    • carbolic acid
  16. Nitrobenzene
    aromatic compound
  17. used in the synthesis of some dyes
    • aminobenzene
    • aniline

    aromatic compounds
  18. methylbenzene
    toluene

    aromatic compounds
  19. Trinitrotoluene
    TNT

    aromatic compounds
  20. used as good organic solvents and in the synthesis of certain dyes
    • Dimethylbenzene
    • Xylene
  21. aromatic compounds according to location of side chains on adjacent carbons
    or the 1,2 position
    • 1,2-Dimethylbenzene
    • Orthoxylene
    • O-Xylene
  22. aromatic compounds according to location ofside chains on adjacent carbons
    or the 1,3 position
    • 1,3-Dimethylbenzene
    • Metaxylene
    • M-Xylene
  23. aromatic compounds according to location ofside chains on adjacent carbons
    or the 1,4 position
    • 1,4-Dimethylbenzene
    • Paraxylene
    • P-Xylene
  24. Benzene Ring with a Methyl and hydroxide group
    Cresols
  25. Phenols that are derivatives of Toluene
    Cresols
  26. Cresols according to location of side chains on adjacent carbons 1,2 position
    • 1-Hydroxy-2-MethylBenzene
    • OrthoCresol
    • O-Cresol
  27. Cresols according to location of side chains on adjacent carbons 1,3 position
    • 1-Hydroxy-3-Methyl Benzene
    • Metacresol
    • M-Cresol
  28. Cresols according to location of side chains on adjacent carbons 1,4 position
    • 1-Hydroxy-4-Methyl Benzene
    • ParaCresol
    • P-Cresol
  29. have a greater germicidal power that Phenol and are less toxic to humans
    Cresols
  30. When cresols are combined with soap, the product is
    Lysol
  31. used as a mold inhibitor in embalming powders
    • 1,4-Dichlorobenzene
    • ParaDichlorobenzene
  32. the odor helps to inhibit mold growth
    Napthalene

    the odor of moth balls
  33. Benzene ring sequence of total oxidation on an end carbon
    • Toluene --oxidation on an end carbon-->
    • BenylAlcohol --oxidation on an end carbon-->
    • BenzalAldehyde --oxidation on an end carbon-->
    • Benzoic Acid
  34. a commonly used deoderant or perfumes agent in embalming fluids
    Benzaldehyde

    Oil of Bitter Almonds

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