Refinery Safety (RSO) 3

Card Set Information

Author:
clainez27
ID:
193884
Filename:
Refinery Safety (RSO) 3
Updated:
2013-01-19 22:12:20
Tags:
Basic Toxicology
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Description:
Basic Toxicology
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  1. What is the most dangerous and most common route of toxic exposure?
    Inhalation (lungs)
  2. A toxin is any agent that is capable of causing injury or death when absorbed by the body.

    True or False?
    True
  3. What are short duration, high concentration, and immediate health effects?
    Acute effects
  4. What do exposures of low concentrations of toxins over long periods of time cause?
    Chronic effects
  5.                      are toxins that cause irreversible tissue damage.
    Corrosives
  6.                   cause allergic reactions after repeated exposures.
    Sensitizers
  7. Permissible Exposure Limits (PEL's) are established by OSHA 

    True or False?
    True
  8. What are the four routes of entry by which hazardous materials enter the body?
    Lungs, skin, mouth, and punctures
  9. Toxins are capable of what?
    Agent causing injury or death.
  10. Acute actions are what?
    Short duration, high concentrations and immediate health effects.
  11. Chronic conditions are what?
    Many exposures , low concentrations, long period of time, slow
  12. Is cancer chronic or acute?
    Chronic
  13. What is local effects?
    Point where the chemical contacts the body
  14. What is systemic effects?
    Internal organs effected
  15. What do irritants cause?
    Temporary inflammation of eyes, skin, or respiratory tract.
  16. What substance causes cancer?
    Carcinogens
  17. What causes irreversible tissue damage?
    Corrosives
  18. Which chemical has the most serious long-term effect?
    Benzene (C6H6)
  19. What gasses deprive body tissue of oxygen?
    Asphyxiates
  20. What causes allergic reaction after repeated exposure?
    Sensitizers
  21. What is the most common route of entry of toxins to the body?
    Inhalation (lungs)

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