DS Reviewer

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Author:
ninabolong
ID:
193927
Filename:
DS Reviewer
Updated:
2013-01-20 09:07:24
Tags:
developmental studies
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Description:
1-4
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  1. Definition of poverty
    usual: income deprivation

    basic needs approach: basic needs deprivation
  2. How are basic needs acquired?
    access to health services and access to educational services > acquire income > acquire of basic needs 
  3. Besides income, how else can one acquire food?
    • - bought
    • - produced(under trade)
    • - obtained through transfers
    • - obtained through commons
  4. transfers
    commodities/ money obtained from other without anything given in exchange

    e.g. ask, free tasting, feeding program
  5. commons
    commodities for which there are no property rights or unenforced property rights
  6. Give the analysis of famine
    can be caused by a lack of food, though happened in placed where food was abundant

    generally an inability to acquire food
  7. What are the causes of the inability to acquire food
    1. health problems and problems with nature which affect direct producers

    2. inability to access commons or depleting supply in commons could affect those who rely on this resource 

    3. cessation of transfers could affect dependent individuals
  8. Health
    problems and problems with nature which affect direct producers
    Bangladesh famine of 1974
  9. What happened during the Bangladesh famine of 1974?
    • Flood -->
    • unemployment of rural laborers due to not being able to transplant rice activities -->
    • starvation -->
    • nervous food market and price rise-->widespread hunger -->affected food output--> reduced crop harvested
    • 1. labor + nature + productive resources
    • 2. cash crops/ commodities
    • 3. labor
    • 4. wage
    • 5. assets
    • 6. market
    • 7. productive resources
    • 8. food
    • 9. demand/ price of 
    • commodities, labor and assets

    • supply/ price of 
    • productive resources, food
  10. During a famine...
    food is (2)
    1. not a commodity a community suffering from a famine can acquire

    2. not part of the community's entitlements
  11. Entitlements
    commodities or service over which a person can exercise ownership or command
  12. Famine as Entitlement failure
    severe entitlement failure> famines

    different sectors have different ways of acquiring food

    different sectors have different sources of vulnerabilities to famine
    • 1. labor + nature + productive resources
    • 2. cash crops/ commodities
    • 3. labor
    • 4. wage
    • 5. assets
    • 6. productive resources
    • 7. market 
    • 8. shelter
  13. Poverty becomes (3)
    • 1. severe basic needs deprivation
    • 2. severe entitlements deprivation
    • 3. inability to acquire basic needs
  14. example of increase purchasing power
    • Bengal in 1943: increase purchasing power of
    • occupational groups, ruined real purchasing power of their money incomes may
    • shrink sharply

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