-Mostly seen in pediatric pt.
-Dyspnea on exertion
-Sudden chest pain with dyspnea
-Decreased B/S on the affected side
-Sharp, pinpoint pain
-After childbirth or surgery
-Increasing altered LOC
-Mostly seen in pediatric pt.
A condition characterized by a chronically high level of CO2 in blood as a result of a respiratory disease.
Carbon Dioxide Retention
Backup system to control respirations when O2 levels fall dangerously low.
A condition in which the body's cells and tissues do not have enough O2.
Collapse of alveoli.
A viral infection usually associated with swollen nasal mucous membranes and the production of fluid from the sinuses.
An infectious disease of the upper respiratory system that may cause partial airway obstruction and is characterized by a barking cough; usually seen in children; also referred to as laryngotracheobronchitis.
An infectious disease in which a membrane lining the pharynx is formed that can severely obstruct passage of air into the larynx.
Inflammation of the epiglottis due to a bacterial infection that can produce severe swelling of the flap over the larynx.
A virus that has crossed the animal/human barrier and has infected humans, recently reaching a pandemic level with the H1N1 strain.
Influenza Type A
A acute bacterial or viral infection of the lung that damages lung tissue, usually associated with fever, cough, and the production of sputum.
A buildup of fluid in the lungs, usually as a result of left-sided CHF.
Severe dyspnea experienced when lying down and relieved by sitting up.
A slow, degenerative process that causes destructive changes in the alveoli and bronchioles in the lungs.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
What is the most common cause of COPD?
Irritation and inflammation of the major lung passageways, from either infectious disease of irritants such as smoke.
What is the clinical definition of chronic bronchitis?
A productive cough for at least 3 months per year for 2 or more consecutive years.
What is the normal Bicarbonate Level (HCO3)?
What is the normal pH level?
What is the normal PaCO2 level?
What is metabolic acidosis or alkalosis based on?
The Bicarbonate levels
What is respiratory acidosis or alkalosis based on?
Carbon Dioxide Levels
What is the lpm for a NRB?
What is the lpm for a NC?
What is the lpm for a partial rebreather mask?
CPAP should be considered when a pt. has a resp. rate below __ or above __.
Below 8 or above 28
What is a FROPVD?
F - Flow
R - Restricted
O - O2
P - Powered
V - Ventilation
D - Device
A drum-like hollow sound heard when you percuss the chest; indicates air in the thorax.
A narrowing pulse pressure where the diastolic pressure rises is a indication of what stage of shock?
A drop in BP, usually below 90 mm Hg, is a sign of what stage of shock?
A present carotid pulse indicates a systolic BP of at least __ mm Hg.
A present femoral pulse indicates a systolic BP of at least __ mm Hg.
A present radial pulse indicates a systolic BP of at least __ mm Hg.
The point where you can feel the heart beat the strongest.
The point of maximum impulse
Stiffness of the neck
Coughing up blood
Blue Bloaters is another name for pt. with _____.
Pink Puffers is another name for pt. with _____.
What is Cor Pulmonale?
Right sided heart failure caused by a respiratory disease.
What is the adult dose of Albuterol?
2.5 mg Albuterol in 2.5 mL NS every 5 to 15 min prn.
What is the pediatric dose of Albuterol?
0.15 mg Albuterol in 2.5 mL NS every 5 to 15 min prn