What is the idea that the income-oriented approach does not work for the poorest of the poor?
At times, the poorest of the poor are unemployable. They are unqualified for the jobs that might be provided so the only available work would be hard, unpaid labor. As a result, they would be given consumption and welfare transfers. E.g. CCT wherein there are conditions to get avail for basic needs and services such as immunization, education, weight checks. They become reliable on the government.