Psych Ch. 2 Vocab

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Psych Ch. 2 Vocab
2013-01-20 16:07:22
Psych Vocab

Vocabulary words for chapter 2 in psychology!! Party! :P
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  1. Psychology:
    The study of behavior and mental processes with the purpose of prediction
  2. Sympathetic Division:
    The part of the ANS that is responsible for reacting to stressful events and bodily arousal
  3. Parasympathetic Division:
    The part of the ANS that restores the body to normal functioning after arousal and is responsible for the day-to-day functioning of the organs and glands
  4. Corpus Callosum:
    The thick band of neurons that connects the right and left cerebral hemispheres
  5. Neuron:
    The basic cell that makes up the nervous system and that sends and receives messages within that system
  6. Synapse:
    The microscopic fluid-filled space between the synaptic knob of one cell and the dendrites or surface of the next cell
  7. Neurotransmitter:
    The chemical found in the synaptic vesicles that, when released, has an effect on the next cell
  8. Central Nervous System (CNS):
    The part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
  9. Peripheral Nervous System (PNS):
    All nerves and neurons that are not contained in the brain and spinal cord but that run through the body itself
  10. Hypothalamus:
    A small structure in the brain located below the thalamus and directly above the pituitary gland, responsible for motivational behavior such as sleep, hunger, thirst, and sex
  11. Cortex:
    The outermost covering of the brain consisting of densely packed neurons, responsible for higher thought processes and interpretation of sensory input.