Psych Ch. 2 Vocab
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The study of behavior and mental processes with the purpose of prediction
The part of the ANS that is responsible for reacting to stressful events and bodily arousal
The part of the ANS that restores the body to normal functioning after arousal and is responsible for the day-to-day functioning of the organs and glands
The thick band of neurons that connects the right and left cerebral hemispheres
The basic cell that makes up the nervous system and that sends and receives messages within that system
The microscopic fluid-filled space between the synaptic knob of one cell and the dendrites or surface of the next cell
The chemical found in the synaptic vesicles that, when released, has an effect on the next cell
Central Nervous System (CNS):
The part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS):
All nerves and neurons that are not contained in the brain and spinal cord but that run through the body itself
A small structure in the brain located below the thalamus and directly above the pituitary gland, responsible for motivational behavior such as sleep, hunger, thirst, and sex
The outermost covering of the brain consisting of densely packed neurons, responsible for higher thought processes and interpretation of sensory input.
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