Nutrition 1020

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Author:
faulkner116
ID:
194102
Filename:
Nutrition 1020
Updated:
2013-01-21 00:09:15
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Module1
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Description:
Nutrition Basics Terminology 1.1
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  1. Characteristics of a Sound Diet
    • Calorie Control
    • Adequacy
    • Balance
    • Moderation
    • Variety
  2. Calorie Control:
    An appropriate amount of Calories are eaten to maintain a healthy body weight.
  3. Adequacy:
    Essential nutrients, fiber, and energy(Calories) are present in the diet.
  4. Balance:
    Food types complement one another in the diet. Not any one nutrient or food type is overbearing.
  5. Moderation:
    The diet does not contain an excess of unwanted substances.
  6. Variety:
    Different foods are used for the same purpose in the diet.
  7. Philosophical Statement about Health
    Healthy lifestyle behaviors promote health, &unhealthy lifestyle behaviors promote disease. Over long periods of time the health consequences can be realized. Therefore,even though a person may be “disease-free”at the moment, a person that lives an unhealthy lifestyle should not be labeled as a“healthy” person.
  8. Factors Affecting Longevity

    Diet
    • Poor diets promote degenerative diseases/conditions: such as, cancer,heart disease, osteoporosis, diabetes,& obesity.

    • Dietary factors like Fat, Sugar, Fiber,Sodium, Alcohol, & Calcium, function in the disease process.
  9. Factors Affecting Longevity

    Exercise (physical activity)
    • Promotes health by positively influencing body weight/composition, metabolism,bone density, cognitive function, blood pressure, blood cholesterol, and the cardiovascular system.

    • Strive for 60 minutes each day.
  10. Factors Affecting Longevity

    Other Factors
    • • Smoking or tobacco use is a leading contributor to death of Americans
    • • Habits (lack of sleep, alcohol & drug use, unsafe sex)
    • • Chance (accidents)
    • • Genetics
  11. Hunger:
    The Physiological need for food. The physical body sends signals indicating a need for food.
  12. Satiety:
    The Physiological feedback mechanisms that terminate food intake.
  13. Appetite:
    The Psychological desire for food.The brain sends signals indicating a desire for food because of sensory input like seeing, smelling, or thinking about food.
  14. Factors Affecting Food Choices:
    • Hunger
    • Satiety
    • Appetite
    • Personal Preferences
    • Availability
    • Economics
    • Social Factors
    • Cultural Traditions
    • Advertising
    • Other

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