720 Review

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720 Review
2013-01-21 15:22:54
nutrition public health

overview of Public Health Nutrition Management 1 for comps review
Show Answers:

  1. What are the roles of public health nutrition practitioners?




  2. What are the responsibilities of public health nutrition practitioners?




    -Nutrition services and programs
  3. What are 5 areas of skills and knowledge in public health nutrition?
    –Nutrition and dietetics practice

    –Public health science and practice



    –Legislation and advocacy
  4. What are the 10 essential services in public health?
    1.Monitor health status to identify and solve community health problems. (ie NHANES, Behavioral Risk Factor surveillance)

    2.Diagnose and investigate health problems and health hazards in the community (foodborne illness outbreak)

    3.Inform, educate, and empower people about health issues.

    4. Mobilize community partnerships and action to identify and solve health problems.    

    5.Develop policies and plans that support individual and community health efforts.    

    6. Enforce laws and regulations that protect health and ensure safety. (restaurant inspections)

    7. Link people to needed personal health services and assure the provision of health care when otherwise unavailable. (ex. WIC)

    8.Assure competent public and personal health care workforce. (provide, direct people to CEU / training)   

    9. Evaluate effectiveness, accessibility, and quality of personal and population-based health services.        

    10.Research for new insights and innovative solutions to health problems.
  5. What are the pros & cons of a centralized organization?
    +developing expertise within system

    + clearly defined jobs

    +easy to coordinate nutrition messages

    + quality control/RDs held accountable to supervisor who is an RD

    • -not working with other professionals, so they don’t benefit from other points of
    • view
  6. What are the pros & cons of a decentralized organization?
    + integrates nutrition into different programs

    - may have mixed messages/ priorities/ coordination

    •how do they decide who takes the lead role?
  7. Name 5 USDA nutrition programs.
    • SNAP
    • WIC
    • National School Lunch Program
    • School Breakfast Program
    • EFNEP (expanded food and nutrition education program)
    • Summer Food Service Program
    • Seniors Farmer’s Market Nutrition Program Farm to School Initiative
    • Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP)
    • Commodity Supplemental Food Program
    • Special Milk Program
    • Emergency Food Assistance Program
    • Food Distribution Program for Indian  Reservations
  8. CDC Nutrition Programs
    • focus on chronic disease / obesity
    • Communities Putting Prevention to Work
    • Community Transformation Grants
  9. Name & describe the levels of the socio-ecological model.
    • public policy - (broadest) - national, state, local laws
    • community - relationships among organizations
    • organizational - organizations, social institutions
    • interpersonal - family, friends, social networks
    • individual - knowledge, attitudes, skills
  10. What are the 4 main international program types?
    1. Breastfeeding Promotion

    • 2. Nutrition Education 
    • –Infant and child feeding
    • -School curricula and teacher training

    • 3.Food Fortification or Distribution
    • of Nutritional Supplements
    • –Vitamin A
    • –Iodine
    • –Iron
    • –Folate

    • 4.Special Feeding Programs
    • –Supplemental foods
  11. Name 10 Social Health Factors
    • Social gradient
    • Stress 
    • Early life
    • Social exclusion
    • Work
    • Unemployment
    • Social support
    • Addiction
    • Food
    • Transport
  12. What are the 3 catergories of social determinants?
    • 1. Social Institutions: 
    • –Cultural and religious
    • –Economic and political structures

    • 2. Surroundings (Place):
    • –Neighborhood, workplace, homes, schools, built environment

    • 3. Social Relationships:
    • –Social position
    • –Differential treatment of social groups
    • –Social networks
  13. Those lower on the socioeconomic ladder are more likely to experience what health issues?
    • Newborn health problems - premature birth, low birth weight, birth defects
    • Disease risk - high blood pressure, obesity, weakened immune system
    • Chronic diseases - diabetes, heart disease, and many forms of cancer
    • Infectious diseases - from HIV/AIDS to the common flu.
    • Disabilities - blindness, mental illness, and decline of physical strength