Medical Terminology Vocabulary

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Jessa
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194221
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Medical Terminology Vocabulary
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2013-01-31 21:42:51
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Med Term Vocab
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Vocabulary
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  1. The Study of Disease
    Pathology
  2. One who studies diseas
    Pathologist
  3. The study of body structure and their relationships
    Anatomy
  4. The study of body function and how parts work together to carry out life sustaining activities 
    Physiology
  5. process of maintaining internal stability
    (balance)
    Homeostasis
  6. The most basic living unit
    Composed of atoms and molecules
    Cells
  7. combination of similar cells that share a common function
    Tissue
  8. made of 2 or more tissues, carries out specific funtion
    Organ
  9. combination of organs that share a common goal
    Organ System
  10. Human as a whole,capable of survival
    Organism
  11. used to describe the relative location of the body or its parts
    Directional terms
  12. standing erect, arms down by sides, palms facing forward, feet slightly apart with feet facing forward
    Anatomical Position
  13. a symptom where body temperature rises above normal 98.6 F

      
    Fever
  14. unpleasant sensory and emotional experience that is associated with tissue damage 
    Pain
  15. a feeling or mental experience of perceiving and stimulus
    sensation
  16. abnormality that is discovered by objective examination
    sign
  17. appearance or sensation that is experienced by the patient that deviates from normal  
    symptom
  18. disease of short duration and often with a sharp or severe effect
    Acute
  19. disease with long duration,usually slow progression
    Chronic
  20. state of the body in which homeostasis has faltered due to any cause
    Disease
  21. disease induced by medical treatment
    intraogenic
  22. disease of unknown cause
    idiopathic
  23. multiplication of bacteria
    infection
  24. trauma that is marked by redness,swelling,heat and pain
    inflammation
  25. conditions following or resulting from disease
    sequelae
  26. wound/injury
    trauma
  27. determination of the nature of disease
    diagnosis 
  28. forecast of the outcome of the disease
    prognosis
  29. study of the causes of disease
    etiology
  30. evaluation made for the purpose of diagnosis by identifying physical evidence of disease
    examination
  31. disease/sickness associated with being in a social environment such as hospital waiting room
    nosocomial
  32. study of cells
    cytology
  33. one who studies cells
    cytologist
  34. study of tissue
    histology
  35. one who studies tissue
    histologist
  36. benign tumor of muscle
    myoma
  37. benign tumor of fat tissue
    lipoma
  38. malignant tumor of muscle tissue
    myosarcoma
  39. malignant tumor of fat tissue
    liposarcoma
  40. permanent loss of structural organization in tissue
    anaplasia
  41. abnormal tissue development
    dysplasia
  42. increase in the number of cells in a tissue other than by tumor development
    hyperplasia 
  43. spreading of cancer cells from the primary tumor
    metastasis 
  44. improvement or absent signs of the disease, does not mean patient is free from disease
    remission
  45. malignant tumor of glandular tissue
    Adeno-Ca
    adenocarcinoma 
  46. benign tumor of glandular tissue
    adenoma 
  47. noninvasive slow growing tumor
    Benign 
  48. cancer in early stages prior to metastasis
    Cancer in SITU
  49. disease characterized by aggressive unrelenting growth of abnormal cells that spread into soft tissue
    Cancer
  50. cancer/malignant tumor
    carcinoma 
  51. tumor that originates from epithelium, usually skin 
    epithelioma 
  52. benign tumor that of fibrous connective tissue
    fibroma
  53. malignant tumor that originates from fibrous connective tissue
    fibrosarcoma
  54. carcinoma that originates in smooth muscle tissue
    leiomyosarcoma
  55. benign tumor of smooth muscle
    leiomyoma
  56. benign tumor of fat tissue
    lipoma
  57. malignant solid tissue of lymphoid tissue
    lymphoma
  58. an aggressive life threatening invasive tumor
    malignant
  59. cancer,dark pigment, usually skin
    melanoma 
  60. benign tumor of muscle tissue
    myoma
  61. new growth of abnormal cells,tumor
    neoplasam
  62. tumor that originated from nerve tissue
    neuroma
  63. process of causing tumors
    oncogenic
  64. malignant cancer of bone
    osteosarcoma
  65. cancer treatment using drugs
    chemotherapy 
  66. study of tumors
    oncology 
  67. treatment to reduce the intensity of painful symptoms without producing a cure
    palliative therapy
  68. treatment of cancer using radioactive therapy
    radiotherapy
  69. protein that binds other substances together
    Collagen
  70. pertaining to under the skin
    subcutaneous

    Abbr:SC
  71. upper layer of skin, composed of epithelial tissue
    epidermis
  72. lower vascular layer of skin, composed of connective tissue
    dermis
  73. pertaining to under the skin
    hypodermic
  74. an elastic protein of connective tissue
    elastin
  75. waterproof protein of epidermis and hair
    keratin
  76. originating from the outer epidermal layers
    keratogenic 
  77. protein of the skin that provides a brownish pigment
    melanin
  78. a flap of dead epithelial cells at the edge of nail
    • eponychium
    • cuticle 
  79. oil glands embedded within the skin
    sebaceous glands
  80. mixture of oil,salt,water, and cholesterol secreted by the sebaceous glands
    Sebum
  81. sweat glands widely distributed throughout the body, secretes watery substance (sweat) 
    sudoriferous glands
  82. medical field that specializes in the health and disease of the Integumentary System

    Study of skin
    Dermatology 
  83. Physician specializing in dermatology

    one who studies skin
    dermatologist 
  84. skin wound caused by scraping
    abrasion
  85. collection of pus from a localized infection
    abscess 
  86. loss or lack of scalp hair
    alopecia

    baldness
  87. local uneven surface of the skin caused by fat disposition, usually in thighs and buttocks
    cellulite
  88. injury causing discoloration and swelling without breaking the skin
    • contusion
    • bruise 
  89. closed sac or pouch that contains fluid

    could be the bladder
    cyst 
  90. profuse,cold sweat
    diaphoresis
  91. generalized swelling caused by accumulation of fluid
    edema
  92. general term for redness of the skin
    erythema
  93. narrow break or split in skin
    fissure 
  94. formation of local hard areas on the skin or elsewhere, calaus
    induration
  95. abnormal yellow coloring of the skin
    • jaundice
    • AKA: Xanthoderma 
  96. over growth of scar tissue, can not be surgically removed
    keloid 
  97. torn jagged wound
    laceration
  98. change in tissue due to disease or injury

    very generic, can refer to any change
    lesion
  99. abnormal lack of skin color, greenish grey
    pallor
  100. discolored flat spot such as a freckle
    macule
  101. pinpoint skin hemorrhage
    petechia 

    Plural: petechiae 
  102. symptom of intense itching
    pruritus
  103. small circumscribed skin elevation that contains pus, pimple
    pustule
  104. eroded lesion of the skin or mucous membrane
    ulcer
  105. Skin eruption usually caused by an allergic reaction to foods, infection, or injury, also called hives
    urticaria
  106. small circumscribed skin elevation caused by virus, wart
    verruca 
  107. small elevation of the skin that contains fluid, blister
    vesicle
  108. An inflammatory eruption of the skin caused by bacterial infection of sebaceous glands and ducts  
    Acne
  109. A genetic condition characterized by the lack of or reduction of melanin
    Albinism 

    Individual with this condition is referred to as albino 
  110. – An injury to skin caused by fire, electricity, chemicals, radiation, light, or friction. The severity of a burn is classified based on 2 factors: depth of the injury, which includes partial thickness (superficial), partial thickness (deep), or full thickness; and the amount of surface burned can be determined using a method, known as the “Rule of Nines
    Burn
  111. Inflammation of connective tissue caused by infection
    Cellulitis
  112. skin sore caused by pressure or immobility while lying down

    also known as: Bedsore
    decubitus ulcer 
  113. inflammation of the skin
    dermatitis
  114. fibrous tumor of the skin
    dermatofibroma
  115. Abnormal redness of the skin
    Erythroderma
  116. tissue death or decay caused by loss or reduction in blood supply
    gangrene 
  117. inflammation of sweat gland
    hidradenitis 
  118. excessive perspiration
    hyperhidrosis 
  119. a form of skin cancer characterized by the formation of purple or brown patches on the skin that spread by the way of lymphatics

    used as a sign for AIDS 
    Kaposi's sarcoma 
  120. abnormally smooth skin 
    leiodermia
  121. abnormally light colored skin
    leukoderma
  122. malignant skin tumor that arises from melanocytes  
    Melanoma 
  123. disease related death of tissues
    necrosis
  124. softening of nails
    onychomalacia 
  125. fungal infection in the nail
     onychomycosis 
  126. abnormal behavior of nail biting or eating
    onychophagia 
  127. abnormal thickening of the skin
    pachyderma 
  128. thickening of the skin caused by swelling and thickening of fibrous connective tissue
    scleroderma 
  129. sebaceous gland hyper activity, resulting in excessive discharge of sebum 
    seborrhea
  130. A chronic inflammatory disease of connective tissue affecting the skin and many other organs; its early stages are characterized by red patches on the face and joint pain 
    systemic lupus erthematosus
  131. abnormally dry skin
    xeroderma 

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