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2013-01-21 14:25:08
MNTII Quiz2b

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  1. blood test to measure the level of substances such as calcium, electrolytes, testosterone, insulin, and glucose. used to assist in determining the function of various endocrine glands
    blood serum test
  2. blood test to measure the amt of sugar circulating throughout the body after a 12-hour fast
    fasting blood sugar (FBS)
  3. test to determine the blood sugar level. measured dose of glucose is given to pt, then blood samples are drawn at certain intervals to determine the ability of the pt to use glucose
    glucose tolerance test
  4. blood test to measure the concentration of thyroxine (T4) circulating the bloodstream. the iodine becomes bound to the protein in the blood and can be measured. usedful in estabishing thyroid function
    protein-bound iodine test
  5. test used to measure the levels of hormones in the plasma in the blood
  6. blood test used to measure the levels of thyroxine, triiodothyronine, and thyroid-stimulating hormone in the bloodstream to assist in determining thyroid function
    thyroid function test
  7. blood test to measure the total amt of calcium to assist in detecting parathyroid and bone disorders
    total calcium
  8. blood test to assist in evaluating glucose metabism. the pt eats a high carb diet and then fasts overnight before the test. then the blood sample is taken 2 hrs after a meal
    two-hour postprandial glucose tolerance test
  9. ultrasound exam of the thyroid that can assist in distinguishing a thyroid nodule from a cyst
    thyroid echogram
  10. test in which radioactive iodine is administered that localizes in the thyroid gland. the gland can then be visualized with a scanning device to detect pathology such as tumors.
    thyroid scan
  11. large dose of radioactive iodone is given in order to kill thyroid gland cells w/out having to actually do surgery
    chemical thyroidectomy
  12. artificial replacement of hormones in pts w/hyposecretion disorders. may be oral pills, injections, or adhesive skin patches
    hormone replacement therapy
  13. removal of the adrenal gland through a small incision in the abdomen and using endoscopic instruments
    laparoscopic adrenalectomy
  14. removal of a lobe from an organ. in this case, one love of the thyroid gland.
  15. med given to block production of thyroid hormones in pts w/hypersecretion disorders
    antithyroid agents
  16. although the function of these hormones in the body is regulate carb metab, they also have a strong anti-inflamm action. therefore they are sued to treat severe chronic inflamm diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis. long-term use has adverse side effects such as osteoporosis and the symptoms of Cushing's disease. alose used to treat adrenal cortex hyposecretion disorders such as Addison's disease
  17. hormone replacement therapy with human growth hormone in order to stimulate skeletal growth. used to treat children with abnormally short stature
    human growth hormone therapy
  18. administered to replace insulin for type 1 diabetics or to treat severe type 2 diabetcis
  19. meds taken by mouth that cause a decrease in blood sugar; not used for insulin-dependent pts
    oral hypoglycemia agents
  20. hormone replacement therapy for pts w/hypothyroidism or who have had a thyroidectomy
    thyroid replacement hormone
  21. given to control diabetes insipidus and promote reabsorption of water in the kidney tubules