Surgical Asepsis

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Author:
swansokj02
ID:
194256
Filename:
Surgical Asepsis
Updated:
2013-01-21 15:37:37
Tags:
Surgical Asepsis
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Description:
Week 1
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  1. Disinfection
    • eliminates many or all microorganisms, exception is spores.
    • Alcohol
    • chlorines
    • phenols
    • H2O2
  2. Sterilization
    • complete elimination of ALL microorganisms, including spores.
    • Steam
    • Ethylene oxide
    • H2O2 plasma
    • Chemicals
  3. Critical Items that need sterilized
    • Surgical instruments
    • urinary catheters
  4. Semi-critical items- High level disinfection
    • Endoscopes
    • ET tubes
    • Anesthesia equipment
  5. Non-critical items- disinfected
    • Bed Pans
    • BP cuffs
    • stethoscopes
    • linens
    • bedrails
  6. Principles to follow to ensure maintenance of asepsis
    • 1. A sterile object remains sterile only when touched by another sterile object.
    • 2. Only sterile objects may be placed on a sterile field
    • 3. A sterile object or field out of the range of vision or below a persons waist is contaminated.
    • 4. A sterile object or field becomes contaminated by prolonged exposure to air.
    • 5. When a sterile surface comes in contact with a wet, contaminated surface, the sterile object of field becomes contaminated by capillary action.
    • 6. Fluid flows in the direction of gravity.
    • 7. The edges of a sterile field or container are considered to be contaminated.
  7. Donning PPE
    • Cap
    • Surgical Mask
    • Goggles
    • Gown
    • Gloves
  8. Removing PPE
    • Gloves
    • goggles
    • gown
    • surgical mask
    • cap

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