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What is Government?
Institution with the authority to set policy for society. Action inherently political.
What is politics?
The way in which decisions for a society are made and considered binding most of the time by most of the people.
What is policy?
Component of government and politics. ie; news media. What government officials choose to do or not to do about public problems.
What is policy change?
The modification of policy goals and means in light of new information or shifting political environments.
What are Government Institutions?
Colleges, jails, libraries, post office, IRS
What is Lobbyist?
person who is employed that works for an entity
What are the forms of government policies?
They can take the form of laws, executive orders, administrative regulations, court decisions or in some cases no action at all.
Issues, responses, and resources all depended on what environments?
What are the five pathways of changes?
- 1. Grassroots advocacy ie; petition, boycott
- 2. Vote - elections
- 3. Lobby and decision makers
- 4. Court pathway
- 5. Cultural change ie; Mothers against drunk drivers
What is democracy?
System of government in which the ultimate political authority is vested in the people.
What is capitalism?
Economic system characterized by individual and corporate ownership of the means of production a market economy based on supply and demand.
What is a constitution?
A constitution is the fundamental law by which a state or nation is organized and governed. Establishes framework for government. Assigns powers and responsibilities to different government branches. Defines the relationship between the people and their government.
Who formed the continental congress?
What is federalism?
- A political system that divides power between a central government and state governments with authority over the whole nation and a series of state governments.
- California reps
- Senate 80
- Assemby 120
What amendment applied the Bill of Rights to the states?
What is Judicial Review?
The power of the courts to declare acts of the executive and legislative branches unconstitutional.
What is Marbury vs Madision?
The Supreme Court ruled that the federal courts have the duty to review the constitutionality of acts of Congress and to declare them void when they are contrary to the Constitution. The first Supreme Court case to strike down an act of Congress as unconstitutional
What is McCullough vs Maryland?
Maryland may not tax the bank without violating the Constitution. The Court voided the tax on the grounds that it was unconstitutional. The opinion stated that Congress has implied powers that need to be related to the text of the Constitution, but need not be enumerated within the text. This case was a seminal moment in the formation of a balance between federalism, federal power, and states' powers.
What is the the power of the sword?
Power held by the president to enforce the laws.
No taxation without representation
What is Medicare?
A federally funded health insurance program for the elderly
What is Medicaid?
A federal program designed to provide health insurance coverage to low income persons, people with disabilities and elderly people who are impoverished.
- 1. The law is a living article
- 2. What the law was, is not what the law is. What the law is is not what the law will be.
Due process of law
The constitutional principal holding that government must follow fair and regular procedures in actions that could lead to an individuals suffering loss of life, liberty, or property.
Factors influencing california population
Top three producers of ag economy?
- 1. California $36.2 billion in revenue
- 2. Iowa $24.8 billion
- 3. Texas $19.2 billion
Republican ticket for presidential campaign
How many votes does it take to amend the Articles of Confederation?
All 13 states
How do you amend the California constitution? How many times has it been amended?
- Referendum and initiatives
- Two methods are the legislative and popular.
- By a two thirds vote of each house, the legislature may propose amendments or revisions of the constitution.
- Initiatives is where California voters can change the constitution.
- 583 amendments have been proposed and of these 334 have been adopted.
What is policy evaluation?
Is the policy working with the media and the public? What did policy do to help the public. ie; subsidies to farmers
What is policy legitimation?
Actions taken by government officials to ensure citizens regard a policy as legal and appropriate
What is policy legitimation?
Actions taken by government officials to ensure citizens regard a policy as legal and appropriate.
What is capitalism?
Economic system characterized by individual and corporate ownership of the means of productivity; a market economy based on supply and demand
What is social security?
A federal pension and disability insurance program funded through a payroll tax on workers and their employers
What are political cultures?
The widely held, deeply rooted political values of a society
What is ex post facto law?
- Law retroative criminal statue that operates to the disadvantage of accused persons
- (Three strikes law)
- From frostbelt to sunbelt
- Latinos are fastest growing
- Rising gap between rich and poor
- A democracy needs a large middle class to be successful
The belief that individual rights transcend the power of government
- The amount of money an individual or family needs to purchase basic needs such as food and clothing.
- 2009 $22,050 for a family of four
- 14.3% Americans live in poverty
How the courts interpret the constitution
Who was Alexander Hamilton?
Strong critic of the weak central government of the Articles of Confederation. He was one of the leaders of the movement to strengthen the national government and become the new nations first Secretary of State
GDP Gross Domestic Product
The total value of goods and services produced by a nations economy in a year, excluding transactions with foreign countries
Intention of House and Senate roles
- Connecticut Compromise
- Agreement between large state and small state forces.
- Senate - 2 per state (good for small state)
- House - based on population (good for large states)
A series of essays written by Madison, Hamilton and Jay advocating the ratification of the constitution
Power of the Purse
- The authority to raise and spend money
- Congress has the power of the purse
Number of counties in California
- Los Angeles Population 10,341,410
- Alpine Population 1,208
Strongest branch of government
One house legislative in which each state had one vote.
what is Shays Rebellion
Most power rested with the sovereign states. The weak central government was unable to deal effectively with the nations problems. This lead to a call to revise the articles of confederation. The Articles of Confederation authors were determined to avoid the abuses they experienced.
What are the stages of policy making?
- 1. Agenda Setting
- 2. Formulation
- 3. Adoption
- 4. Legitimation
- 5. Implementation
- 6. Evaluation
- 7. Modification