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What is the Magna Carta and when was it written? Why is it important?
Feudal document that gave nobles more rights. year 1215. It limited the power of the monarch and gave people equal rights.
What was the "Glorious Revolution" in GB
The English people rebelled against monarchs and got rid of a Catholic Monarch.
English Bill of Rights
- 1. By assuming and exercising a power of dispensing with and suspending of laws, and the execution of laws, without consent of parliament.
- 2. By committing and prosecuting divers worthy prelates, for humbly petitioning to be excused from concurring to the said assumed power.
- 3. By issuing and causing to be executed a commission under the great seal for erecting a court called, The court of commissioners for ecclesiastical causes.
- 4. By levying money for and to the use of the crown, by pretence of prerogative, for other time, and in other manner, than the same was granted by parliament.
- 5. By raising and keeping a standing army within this kingdom in time of peace, without consent of parliament, and quartering soldiers contrary to law.
- 6. By causing several good subjects, being protestants, to be disarmed, at the same time when papists were both armed and employed, contrary to law.
- 7. By violating the freedom of election of members to serve in parliament.
- 8. By prosecutions in the court of King's bench, for matters and causes cognizable only in parliament; and by divers other arbitrary and illegal courses.
- 9. And whereas of late years, partial, corrupt, and unqualified persons have been returned and served on juries in trials, and particularly divers jurors in trials for high treason, which were not freeholders.
- 10. And excessive bail hath been required of persons committed in criminal cases, to elude the benefit of the laws made for the liberty of the subjects.
- 11. And excessive fines have been imposed; and illegal and cruel punishments have been inflicted.
- 12. And several grants and promises made of fines and forfeitures, before any conviction or judgment against the persons, upon whom the same were to be levied.All which are utterly and directly contrary to the known laws and statutes, and freedom of this realm.And whereas the said late king James the Second having abdicated the government, and the throne being thereby vacant ... the said lords spiritual and temporal, and commons ... do in the first place (as their ancestors in like case have usually done) for the vindicating and asserting their ancient rights and liberties, declare
- 13. And that for redress of all grievances, and for the amending, strengthening, and preserving of the laws, parliaments ought to be held frequently.
belief that monarchs received power from God and are only responsible to God
Limited Monarchy VS. Absolute Monarchy