Biology Day 1

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zunigajf
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Biology Day 1
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2013-01-22 02:12:40
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Biology 1 Quiz 1
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  1. Atoms
    Fundamental building block of all matter
  2. Atoms Described
    • 2 Atoms = Molecule
    • 3 Atoms = Compound

    • Molecule is the smallest particle of a compound
    • Atom is the smallest particle of a molecule
  3. Molecule
    As association of 2 or more atoms.  They are atoms joined in chemical bonds.
  4. Cell
    The smallest unif of life
  5. Organelle
    Mitochondria…Structure within a cell that has a particular function to perform
  6. Tissues
    Cells can be conbined to form tissues
  7. Organ
    A grouping of tissues engaged in a collective task
  8. Organ System
    Set of organs engaged in a collective task that keeps thee body functioning properly.  The circulatory system
  9. Multicelled Organism
    Individual that consists of different type of cells.
  10. Population
    Groupof single-celled or multi-celled individuals of the same species in a given area
  11. Community
    All populations of all species in a specified area.
  12. Ecosystem
    The physical environment…  Living and non-living organisms.  A community interacting with its environment.
  13. Biosphere
    All of the areas of the earth including the atmosphere that can support life.  organisms live.
  14. Biodiversity
    • Variation among living organisms
    • A mass variety of life
  15. Homeostasis
    Is the ability to maintain a certain level of things in the body.  Tolerable ranges: Temperature, Sugar levels, PH (Level of acid)
  16. Characteristics of Life
    • Successfully reproduce
    • Homeostasis
    • Metabolism
    • Respond to changes in the environment
  17. Producers
    Makes its own food
  18. Consumers
    Gets energy and nutrients from other organisms. 
  19. Decomposers
    They break down organic material and recycling. Fungi and Bacteria.  It can be recycled or re-used by plants
  20. DNA
    Blue-print of what an organism is – Contains the instructions to making protein.
  21. RNA
    Messenger of the DNA
  22. Energy
    The capacity to do work
  23. Nutrient
    Substance that an organism needs for growth and survival but cannot make for itself.
  24. Reproduction
    Parents produe offspring
  25. Carolus Linnaeus
    • Deviced the classification system
    • Deviced a naming system that has 2 parts
    • Swedish botanist.  1750
    • Did some things to helps us organize organisms
    • Created a naming systems in order to help us label organisms
    • Started with plants
    • Binomial System:  (Two – Names)
  26. Binomial System
    • 1st part:  Genus (1st name)    
    • 2nd part: Species  (Family Name)

    1st letter of the Genus is always capitalized.  Acer rubrum and done in italics.When you write it you just underline it.
  27. Binomial System
    Standard Classification
    Category          Example
  28. Binomial System:
    Kids prefer candy over fresh green spinash
    • Kingdom          Animalia
    • Phylum            Chordata   (with or without backbone)       
    • Class                Mammalia  (mammals
    • Order               Primates   (Humans and monkeys)
    • Family             Hominidae (human like)
    • Genu                Homo
    • Species            Sapiens
  29. 3 Domain System
    • Bacteria
    • Archaea
    • Eukarya
  30. 6 Kingdoms
    BAPPFA
    • Bacteria
    • Archaea
    • Protists
    • Plants
    • Fungi
    • Animal
  31. Eukarya:
    • Eu = True
    • Karya = Central point / Nucleus
  32. Eukarya  (4-Kingdoms)
    • Protists
    • Plants
    • Fungi
    • Animals
  33. Atomic Number
    Number of protons.  Determines the element
  34. Element
    • A pure substance that consists only of atoms with the same number of protons
    • Carbon
    • Oxygen
    • Hydrogen 
  35. Dmitry Mendeleyev
    Arranged the known elements by chemical properties.  Atomic number.  known for his extravagant hair.
  36. Isotopes
    Forms of an element that differ in the number of neutrons their atoms carry.
  37. Matter
    • Anything that has mass and takes up space
    • Solid
    • Liquid
    • Gas
    • Plasma
  38. 2 ideas about Evolution
    • There is a variation within a species
    • As environment changes nature selects the variant that is best suited to survive.
  39. C.HOPKINS CaFé – Mighty Good especially with salt
    • Carbon
    • Hydrogen
    • Oxygen
    • Phosphorus
    • K  (Potasium)  Kalium
    • Iodine
    • Nitrogen
    • Sulfur
    • Ca (Calcium)
    • Fe (Iron)  Feruso  
    • Mg (Magnesium)
    • Na  (Sodium)  Natrium
    • Cl  (Chloride)
  40. Sub-Atomic Particles
    • Smaller than atoms
    • Nucleaus = Protons and Neutrons
    • Around = Electrons
  41. Atomic Mass Unit
    Number of protons find in the nucleaus
  42. Atomic Number
    The number of protons
  43. Atomic Mass
    Total number of Protons and Neutrons
  44. Isotopes
    Forms of an element that differ in the number of neutrons their atoms carry
  45. Why do some elements combine?
    • Whether an element is chemical active or not depends on the number of Electrons on the outer energy level.
    • Rule of 8
  46. Ions
    • When an atom is not consider neutral
    • They have gained or loss electrons
    • Ions form Ionic bonds
  47. Organic compounds (Molecules) 
    • Carbohydrates
    • Lipids
    • Proteins
    • Nucleic acids (DNA / RNA)
  48. Covalent Bond:  STRONGEST BOND
    • Carbon / Oxygen / Nitrogen / Phosphorus / Hydrogen / Sulfur
    • Share Electrons
  49. Ionic Bond
    Give Electrons
  50. Hydrogen Bond
    • Is formed when a positive side of a molecule is attracted to the negative side ofanother
    • Hydrogen bonds are form when you have a combination of positive and negative sidesWater and protein attracts
  51. POLAR MOLECULES
    Water has a pos and neg side
  52. Hydrophilic
    • Water loving molecules; substance
    • Describes a substance that dissolves easily in water
  53. Hydrophobic
    • Water fearing molecules.  Fats and Oils
    • Resists dissolving in water.
  54. Solvent
    • Liquid that can dissolve other substances
    • Water
  55. Solute
    • The substance that is being dissolved
    • Kool-Aid powder
  56. Solution
    • The combination of both substances
    • Kool-Aid
  57. Adhesion
    Attraction of water molecules to other substances
  58. Cohesion
    • Attraction of water molecules to each other
    • Dueto hydrogen bonding
  59. Acid
    is a substance with an excess of Hydrogen ions
  60. Base
    • A substance with an excess of Hydroxyl Ion.
    • Alkaline
  61. Temperature
    Measure of molecular motion
  62. Natural Selection
    Variant that it is best suited to survive
  63. Protein Primary Structure
    The order that the amino acid has to go in.
  64. Protein Secondary Structure
    The initial shape that the polypeptide takes as it is being constructed
  65. Protein Tertiary structure
    The final shape that the whole polypeptide has
  66. Saturated Fats
    found in animals and are solvents in room temperature.
  67. Unsaturated Fats
    found in plants and they tend to be liquids at room temperatures (or oils)
  68. Polypetide
    A long chain of amino acids

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