Anatomy & Physiology

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Author:
eml714
ID:
19436
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Anatomy & Physiology
Updated:
2010-05-16 10:59:25
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vocabulary anatomy physiology chapter
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Description:
Vocabulary words for A&P - Chapter 1
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  1. Superior
    A part above another part, or closer to the head.
  2. Inferior
    A part below another part, or toward the feet.
  3. Anterior
    Ventral, means to the front
  4. Posterior
    Dorsal, toward the back
  5. Medial
    Refers to an imaginary mid-line dividing the body into equal right and left halves.
  6. Lateral
    Towards the side with respect to the imaginary mid-line
  7. Bilateral
    Refers to paired structures, one on each side. (lungs, kidneys)
  8. Ipsilateral
    Refers to structures on the same side.
  9. Proximal
    A part closer to the trunk of the body or another reference point then another part.
  10. Distal
    Opposite of proximal
  11. Superficial
    Near the surface
  12. Peripheral
    Outward or near the surace
  13. Deep
    More internal parts.
  14. Sagittal
    Refers to a lengthwise cut that divides the body into right and left portions.
  15. Transverse
    Refers to a cut that divides the body into superior and inferior portions.
  16. Frontal
    Coronal. Refers to a section that divides the body into anterior and posterior portions.
  17. Epigastric Region
    The upper middle portion
  18. Hypochondriac region
    On the left/right side of the epigastric region.
  19. Umbilical region
    The central portion
  20. Hypogastric region
    The lower middle portion.
  21. RUQ
    Right upper quadrant
  22. RLQ
    Right lower quandrant
  23. LUQ
    Left upper quandrant
  24. LLQ
    Left lower quandrant
  25. abdominal
    The region between the thorax and pelvis.
  26. Acromial
    Point of the shoulder.
  27. antebrachial
    forearm
  28. antecubital
    Space in front of the elbow.
  29. axillary
    armpit
  30. brachial
    arm
  31. buccal
    cheek
  32. carpal
    wrist
  33. celiac
    abdomen
  34. cephalic
    head
  35. cervical
    neck
  36. costal
    ribs
  37. coxal
    hip
  38. crural
    leg
  39. cubital
    elbow
  40. digital
    finger or toe
  41. dorsum
    back
  42. femoral
    thigh
  43. frontal
    forehead
  44. genital
    reproductive organs
  45. gluteal
    buttocks
  46. inguinal
    Depressed area of the abdominal wall near the thigh.
  47. lumbar
    The region of the lower back between the ribs and the pelvis (loin).
  48. mammary
    breast
  49. mental
    chin
  50. Nasal
    nose
  51. occipital
    lower posterior region of the head
  52. oral
    mouth
  53. orbital
    eye cavity
  54. otic
    ear
  55. palmar
    palm of the hand
  56. patellar
    front of the knee
  57. pectoral
    chest
  58. pedal
    foot
  59. pelvic
    pelvis
  60. perineal
    the region between the anus and the external reproductive organs (perineum)
  61. plantar
    sole of the foot
  62. popliteal
    Area behind the knee
  63. sacral
    posterior region between the hip bones
  64. sternal
    middle of the thorax, anteriorly
  65. sural
    calf of the leg
  66. tarsal
    instep of the foot (ankle)
  67. umbilical
    naval
  68. vertebal
    spinal column

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