Medical Terminology Chapter 3 @ TCC

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EllenSterrett
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194519
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Medical Terminology Chapter 3 @ TCC
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2013-02-18 20:53:16
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Medical Terms Their Meanings
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Davi-Ellen Chabner Ninith Edition
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  1. abdominococteis
    Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen.
  2. achondroplasia
    Inherited disorder of cartiliage formation in the fetus leading the dwarfism.
  3. acromegaly
    Excessive enlargerment of the limbs(extremities) due to thickening of bones and soft tissue; cause by hypersecretion of growth hormone from the pituitary gland.
  4. acrophobia
    Fear of heights.
  5. acute
    Having severe symptoms and a short course of illiness.
  6. adenoids
    Small masses of lymphatic tissue in the throat, close to the nasal (nose) passageway.
  7. adipose
    Pertaining to fat.
  8. agoraphobia
    Fear of open spaces; an anxiety disorder.
  9. amniocentesis
    Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the amnion sac surrounding the embryo and fetus.
  10. anemia
    Decrease of hemoglobin in the blood, caused by low red blood cell production, loss of blood, or increase of red blood cell destruction.
  11. angiogenesis
    Formation of blood vessels.
  12. angiography
    Process of recording blood vessels using contrast and x-rays.
  13. angioplasty
    Surgical repair of a blood vessel by inserting a catheter (tube) and balloon inside an artery to enlarge the opening.
  14. arteriole
    Small artery.
  15. arteriosclerosis
    Hardening of an artery by thickening and loss of elasticity of the arterial walls.
  16. arthralgia
    Pain of a joint.
  17. atrophy
    Decrease in size of normally developed organ or  tissue of the body; wasting away.
  18. axillary
    Pertaining to the under arm or armpit.
  19. basophil
    A granular leukcyte with an irregularlym shaped nucleus and cytoplasm containing blue granules.
  20. biopsy
    Process of removing a small piece of living tissue for microscopic examination.
  21. blepharoptosis
    Blepharoptosis is prolapse of the upper eyelid; ptosis.
  22. bronchitis
    Inflammation of fronchial tubes.
  23. carcinogenesis
    Formation or production of cancer.
  24. carcinogenic
    Pertaining to producing cancer.
  25. cardiomyopathy
    Disease of the heart muscle.
  26. chemotherapy
    Treatment using drugs.
  27. chondromalacia
    Softening of cartiliage.
  28. chronic
    Pertaining to occurring over a long time.
  29. colostomy
    New opening of the colon to the outside of the body.
  30. cystocele
    Hernia of the urinary bladder.
  31. electroencephalogram
    Record of the electricity within the brain.
  32. electroencephalograph
    An instrument used to record the electricity in the brain.
  33. electroencephalography
    Process of recording the electricity in the brain.
  34. eosinophil
    A granular white blood cell with cytoplasmic granules that stain with eosin ( a reddish dye ). Eosinophis are elevated in allergic reactions and parasitic infection.
  35. erythrocyte
    Red blood cells.
  36. erythropenia
    Deficieny of red blood cells.
  37. esophagus
    Tube leading from the throat to the stomach.
  38. hematoma
    Collection or mass of blood.
  39. hemolysis
    Destruction of red blood cells.
  40. hemostasis
    To stop control the escape of blood by artificial means or by clotting.
  41. hydronephrosis
    Abnormal condition of fluid build-up in the kidney; caused by obstruction to the flow of urine.
  42. hydrotherapy
    Treatment using water; whiripool bath.
  43. hypertrophy
    Increase in size of muscle or organ produced by enlargement of existing cells.
  44. inguinal
    Lowermost region of the abdominopelvic area on either side of the hypogastric region; groin.
  45. ischemia
    Condition of holding back blood from an organ or tissue.
  46. laparosope
    Instrument used to visually examine the abdomen.
  47. laparoscopy
    Precess of visually examining the contents of the abdoman ( using an endoscope ).
  48. laparotomy
    Incision through the abdominal wall.
  49. laryngeal
    Pertaining to the larynx or voice box.
  50. laryngectomy
    Removal of the larynx or voice box.
  51. leukemia
    Disease of high numbers of malignant ( canerous ) white blood cells.
  52. leukocytosis
    Slight increase in white cells.
  53. lymphocyte
    White blood cell found in blood and lymphatic tissue; fights disease by making antibodies ( B cell lymphocytes ) or killing cells chemically or by ingestion ( T cell lymphocytes ).
  54. mammogram
    X-ray record of the breast.
  55. mastectomy
    Removal of the breast.
  56. metastasis
    Spread of a malignant tumor from its original side to a new or distant location.
  57. monocyte
    white blood cell with one large nucleus; capable of killing foreign sudstance by phagocytosis ( ingestion )
  58. morphology
    Study of the shapes or form of cells.
  59. mucoid
    Resembling mucus.
  60. mucous membrane
    Epithelial membrane that secretes mucus secreted from a mucous membrane.
  61. myalgia
    Muscle pain.
  62. myelogram
    X-ray record of the spinal cord.
  63. myeloma
    Malignant tumur of bone marrow.
  64. myoma
    Tumur of muscle.
  65. myosarcoma
    Malignant tumur of muscle tissue; a type of flesh tumur or sarcoma.
  66. necropsy
    Viewing a dead body; autopsy.
  67. necrosis
    Condition of death of cells.
  68. necrotic
    Pertaining to death of cells.
  69. nephrologist
    A specialist in the study of the kidney.
  70. nephropathy
    Disease of the kidney.
  71. neuralgia
    Pain of nerves.
  72. neutropenia
    Deficiency of neutrophilis ( polymorphonuclear leukocytes that fight disease ).
  73. neutrophil
    A type of white blood cell with dark cytoplasmic granules and multi-loded nucleus; polymorphonuclear leuocyte that is the most numerous of white blood cells and important disease fighting cell.
  74. ophthalmology
    Study of the eye and eye disorder.
  75. osteogenic
    Pertaining to produced in or by bone.
  76. osteomalacia
    Softening of bones.
  77. otalgia
    Ear pain.
  78. paracentesis
    Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdoman; abdominocentesis.
  79. pathogenesis
    Development of disease.
  80. pathologic
    Pertaining to the study of disease.
  81. pericardium
    The sac surrounding the heart.
  82. peritoneal
    Pertaining to the peritoneum ( membrane surrounding the abdomen ).
  83. peritoneoscopy
    Process of visually examining the peritoneum and peritoneal cavity.
  84. phlebotomy
    Incision of a vein for the removal of blood.
  85. platelet
    Thrombocyte.
  86. pleurodynia
    Pain assoisted with the pleura.
  87. pneumonia
    Condition of the lungs; fluid and foreign organisms collect in the lungs.
  88. polymorphonuclear leukocyte
    White blood cell with multi-lobe nucleus and dark-staining granles: disease fighting cell or neutrophil disease fighting cell or neutrophil.
  89. ptosis
    Prolapse , drooping, sagging of the upper eyelid.
  90. pulmonary
    Pertaining to the lungs.
  91. radiographer
    One who assists a radiologist in performing diagnostic x-ray procedures.
  92. procedures.
    Treatment using radiation; high-energy x-ray or other radiation sources.
  93. rectocele
    Hernia of the rectum.
  94. splenomegaly
    Enlargement of the spleen.
  95. staphylococci
    Berry or spherical shaped bacteria.
  96. streptococcus
    Berry or spherical shaped bacterium in twisted chain formation.
  97. thoracentesis
    Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the chest.
  98. thrombocytopenia
    Deficiency of thrombocytes ( platelets or clotting cells ).
  99. thrombophlebitis
    Inflammation of a vein associated with formation of a thrombus or clot.
  100. tonsillitis
    Inflammation of tonsils.
  101. tracheostomy
    New opening of the trachea to the outside of the body.
  102. venule
    A small vein.

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