"Stimulation of a person's skin to prevent or reduce pain perception. A massage, warm bath, hot and cold therapies, and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation are some ways to reduce pain perception. (Potter 1181)"
"Hormones that act on the mind like morphine and opiates, producing a sense of well-being and reducing pain. (Potter 1182)"
Type of nerve block anesthesia in which an anesthetic is intermittently or continuously injected into the lumbosacral region of the spinal cord. (Potter 1182)
Increases in the seriousness of a disease or disorder as marked by greater intensity in signs or symptoms. (Potter 1182)
"Method of pain control in which the patient creates a mental image, concentrates on that image, and gradually becomes less aware of pain. (Potter 1183)"
Chemical that transfers the electrical impulse from the nerve fiber to the muscle fiber. (Potter 1187)
"Drug substance, derived from opium or produced synthetically, that alters perception of pain and that with repeated use may result in physical and psychological dependence (narcotic). (Potter 1187)"
patient-controlled analgesia (PCA)
Drug delivery system that allows patients to self-administer analgesic medications when they want. (Potter 1188)
"Persons� mental image or concept of elements in their environment, including information gained through the senses. (Potter 1188)"
Dosage form that contains no pharmacologically active ingredients but may relieve pain through psychological effects. (Potter 1188)
Potent hormonelike substances that act in exceedingly low doses on target organs. They can be used to treat asthma and gastric hyperacidity. (Potter 1189)
"Component of the pain experience that may include both physiological responses, such as in the general adaptation syndrome, and behavioral responses. (Potter 1189)"
"Neurophysiological components of the pain experience, in which nervous system receptors receive painful stimuli and transmit them through peripheral nerves to the spinal cord and brain. (Potter 1189)"
Act of being relaxed or less tense. (Potter 1190)
Partial or complete disappearances of the clinical and subjective characteristics of chronic or malignant disease; remission may be spontaneous or the result of therapy. (Potter 1190)
Region surrounding the point of contact between two neurons or between a neuron and an effector organ. (Potter 1191)
Point at which a person first perceives a painful stimulus as being painful. (Potter 1192)