AH1 Ex1 Ch.19 Intra-Op

Card Set Information

AH1 Ex1 Ch.19 Intra-Op
2010-05-16 13:30:31

Intra-Op Definitions
Show Answers:

  1. Anesthesia Care Provider (ACP)
    One who administers anesthesia
  2. Anesthesiology
    Branch of medicine that is concerned with the relief of pain and with the administration of medication to relax muscles and obliterate consciousness during surgery
  3. Conscious Sedation
    A minimally depressed level of consciousness with maintenance of the patient's protective airway reflexes
  4. Epidural Block
    Injection of a local anesthetic into the epidural (extradural) space by either a thoracic or lumbar approach
  5. Circulating Nurse
    The role used in the unsterile field in the operating room
  6. Scrubbing Nurse
    The role used in the sterile field in the operating room
  7. General Anesthesia
    A loss of sensation with loss of consciousness, skeletal muscle relaxation, analgesia, and elimination of the somatic, autonomic, and nervous system responses, including coughing, gagging, vomiting, and sympathetic nervous system responsiveness
  8. Holding Area
    A special waiting area inside or adjacent to the surgical suite
  9. Local Anesthesia
    The loss of sensation without loss of consciousness
  10. Malignant Hyperthermia
    A rare gentetic metabolic disease characterized by hyperthermia with rigidity of skeletal muscles that can result in death
  11. Nurse Anesthetist
    A RN who has graduated from an accredited nurse anesthesia program and successfully completed a national certification examination to become a certified registered nurse anesthetis (CRNA) who is qualified to manage patient care during the admin of anesthesia in selected surgical situations
  12. Operating Room
    A unique acute care setting removed from other hospital clinical units where surgery is performed
  13. Perioperative Nurse
    A RN who implements patient care based on the nursing process during the preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative period
  14. Regional Anesthesia
    The loss of sensation to a region of the body when a specific nerve or group of nerves is blocked with the admin of a local anesthetic without loss of consciousness
  15. Spinal Anesthesia
    The injection of a local anesthetic into the cerebrospinal fluid found in the subrarachnoid space, usually below the level of L2
  16. Surgical Suite
    A controlled environment designed to minimize the spread of infectious organisms and allow a smooth flow of patients, personnel, and the instruments and equipment needed to provide safe patient care during surgery