Card Set Information
Inside is the membrane
Everything goes through it
Provides shape to the cell
Provides some degree of protection.
Gives it structure
Protects, Structurally supports cell
Produce Glucose (and starch)
Are green because they contain the green pigment chlorophyl
Specializes in photosynthesis. Some starch storage
Stores water and minerals
Increses cell surface area; stores metabolic wastes
They store starch
They are located close to Chloroplasts.
They are transparent
Control the passage of certain molecules between the nucleus and the cytoplasm.
Controls what goes in and out of the nucleus
Source of the Ribosomes
A dense irregularly shaped region where ribosomal subunits are assembled
DNA / Chromatin
It is a single strand of DNA. It is when it is long and spread out
Each is an organized cluster of membrane proteins that selectively allows substances to cros the nuclear membrane
Protecting and controlling acces to DNA
They can be found floating around in the cytoplasm or the membranes
Free-Floading – are producing protein to be used within that cell
Attached – Protein - They are going to be shipped out somewhere else.
Rough Endo-plasmic Reticulum
Modifies proteins made by ribosomes attached to it
Have ribosomes attached
Smooth Endo-plasmic Reticulum
They produce lipids
They pinch the vesicles and they move to the organelles and they contain protein and lipids.
Makes lipids, breaks down carbohydrates and fats, inactivates toxins
Finishes, sorts, ships lipids, enzymes, and proteins
Received vesicles from the smooth ER that contain proteins and lipids and proteins and sugars
Combines Sugars with lipid: glycolipids
Combines Sugars with protein
Job is to go around the cells and pick up waste products and bacteria
Enzyme-filled vesicle that functions in intracellular digestion
Selectively controls the kinds and amount of substances moving into and out of cell; helps maintain cytoplasmic volume, composition.
Control of substances moving into and out of cell.
They take in Glucose and combine it with oxygen and they release Carbon Dioxide, water and energy (ATP).
Energy are in little storage batteries call (ATP)
Process is called: Cellular respiration.
Only organelle that are found in Animal Cells
Aid in cell division in animal cells.
Is the ultimate structure of the cell.
Helps maintain the shape of the cell.
Allows the cell to move (Breath/Expand)
Holds the organelles in place.
Directs traffic throughout the cell