Anthropology Final Review

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Author:
kmcdougall54
ID:
19468
Filename:
Anthropology Final Review
Updated:
2010-05-16 14:41:24
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Anthropology archaeology review final
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Review items for final
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  1. Archaeology and sub field it falls under...
    • Study of artifacts
    • Anthropology
  2. How to orient an excavation site...
    North
  3. How deep are you to excavate on an official site...
    5cm at a time
  4. Definition of the rule of stratification...
    older from bottom up
  5. Defintion of an ecofact...
    anything living
  6. Definition of a mixed matrix...
    opposite of stratification
  7. Definition of an index fossil...
    fossil known to have lived in a particular geologic age that can be used to date the rock layer in which it is found
  8. What carbon dating can be used on...
    organic material
  9. How far back carbon dating goes...
    50,000 years
  10. When to use relative dating...
    very familiar with culture being studied
  11. Best determinant for finding race on the skeleton...
    Skull
  12. First hominid to use tools...
    Homo-habilis
  13. First hominind to do cave art...
    Cro-magnon
  14. Scientific name for modern humans...
    Homo sapiens
  15. Significance of homo-erectus...
    ancestor of modern humans
  16. Neanderthal, what happened to him...
    Interstratification of modern day humans and neanderthal theory
  17. Major bones in the body...
    cranium, mandible, vertebral column, sternum, innominate, ribs, femurs, humerus
  18. Proximal and distal definitions...
    • Proximal: nearest to point of attachment or origin
    • Distal: farthest from point of attachment or origin
  19. Donald Johanson discovery...
    "Lucy"
  20. Piltdown man...
    Hoax where a jaw bone from an orangutan was put on a modern day human skull to pose as a remarkable discovery of early humans
  21. Polyandry and Polygyny definitions and significance to societies...
    • Polyandry: having more than one husband at a time
    • Polygyny: having more than one wife at a time
  22. Rites of Passage...
    ritual event that marks a person's progress from one status to another
  23. Linear/cyclical mythology
    • Linear: starting point and ending point. Each action dictates if you reach end...Western society
    • Cyclical: Eastern society
  24. Roles of high priests and why they came about...

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