Pathology Chapter 2

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Pathology Chapter 2
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2013-01-23 11:42:57
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Pathology Chapter 2
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  1. Achondroplasia:
    A congenital defect that causes dwarfism
  2. Albers-Sch�nberg disease:
    Increased bone density
  3. Anencephaly:
    Congenital defect where the cranial vault is missing
  4. Aneurysmal bone cyst:
    Blood filled space in a bone of various diameters
  5. Ankylosing spondylitis:
    Form of arthritis that fuses the spine together
  6. Arthritis:
    Inflammation of the joints
  7. Bursitis:
    Inflammation of the bursae of tendons. Most common site = subdeltoid bursa
  8. Cancellous bone:
    Spongy part of the bone that contains bone marrow
  9. Chondrosarcoma:
    Malignant bone tumor composed of atypical cartilage
  10. Clubfoot:
    Deformity of the talus
  11. Compact bone:
    Dense outer part of the bone
  12. Craniosynostoses:
    Early closure of the sutures of the skull
  13. Craniotubular dysplasias:
    Abnormal skeletal modeling of the cranial and facial bones
  14. Developmental dysplasia of the hip:
    Dislocated hip at birth
  15. Diaphysis:
    Shaft of a long bone
  16. Diplo�:
    Spongy bone found between the two tables of cranial bones
  17. E. coli:
    Amega found in upper intestinal tract
  18. Endochondroma:
    A growth of cartilage in the metaphysis of the bone
  19. Epiphysis:
    The growth center in the bones of children
  20. Ewing�s sarcoma:
    Malignant bone tumor in medullary tissue...mostly in cylindric bones
  21. Exostosis:
    Growth projecting out from bony cortex
  22. Ganglion:
    Cystic swelling of the tendon sheath. Most common on back of wrist.
  23. Giant cell tumor (GCT):
    A growth that breaks down bone. (Osteoclastoma)
  24. Gouty arthritis:
    Excess uric acid in MTP joint of big toe
  25. Hyperostosis frontalis interna:
    Urinary system disease that dilates the renal pelvis and calyces
  26. Involucrum:
    A layer of new bone created by the periosteum over dead bone
  27. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis:
    Children with arthritis
  28. Medullary canal:
    Spongy portion of a long bone where bone marrow is produced
  29. Metaphysis:
    The growing part of the bone
  30. Osteoarthritis:
    Deteriation of joint cartilage
  31. Osteoblastoma:
    Tumors of the osteoblasts
  32. Osteoblasts:
    Bone Forming Cells
  33. Osteochondroma:
    Benign tumor of adult bone covered by cartilage
  34. Osteoclastoma:
    Tumors of the osteoclasts
  35. Osteoclasts:
    Bone removing cells
  36. Osteogenesis imperfecta:
    Congenital disease that make your bones brittle
  37. Osteoid osteoma:
    A bony tumor that develops on bone or other tissues
  38. Osteoma:
    Benign Tumor. New bone growing on top of another bone.
  39. Osteomyelitis:
    Bone infection caused by staph
  40. Osteopetrosis:
    Disease involving overly dense bone
  41. Osteophytes:
    Osseous outgrowths (spurs)
  42. Osteosarcoma:
    Malignancy of bone around metaphysis, usually in the knee
  43. Polydactyly:
    Having more than 5 digits
  44. Pott�s disease:
    Tuberculous arthritis of the spine
  45. Psoriatic arthritis:
    Inflammatory arthritis associated with psoriasis of the skin
  46. Pyogenic arthritis:
    Joint inflammation occuring secondary to infections
  47. Reiter�s Syndrome:
    Symptoms associated with complications of urethritis
  48. Rheumatoid arthritis:
    Deteriating joint cartilage - Chronic
  49. Scoliosis:
    Lateral curvature of the spine
  50. Sequestrum:
    Dead bone that seperates from living bone during necrosis
  51. Simple unicameral bone cyst:
    A cyst on a bone
  52. Spina bifida:
    Incomplete closure of the spinal canal
  53. Spondylolisthesis:
    Forward displacement of L5-S1 - developmental defect
  54. Spondylolysis:
    Breaking down of body of a vertebrae between sup. and inf. articular processes
  55. Staphylococcus aureus:
    Micro-organisms found on the skin and mucous membranes
  56. Syndactyly:
    Fusion of the digits
  57. Tendonitis:
    Inflammation of tendons
  58. Tenosynovitis:
    Inflammation of a tendon and it's sheath
  59. Trabeculae:
    Bony detail found in spongy bone
  60. Trabecular pattern:
    Web like pattern of the ends of bones
  61. Transitional vertebra:
    A vertebra that shapes itself like the vertebrae on each side of a major spine division
  62. Tuberculosis:
    Infectious disease found in the lungs
  63. Whiplash:
    Extension/Flexion injury of the spine

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