Card Set Information

2013-01-26 11:29:17
Med Term

Show Answers:

  1. dermatology
    Branch of medicine involving diagnosis and treatment of conditions and disease of the integumentary system.
  2. plastic surgery
    Surgical specialty involved in repair, reconstruction, or improvement of body structures such as the skin that are damaged,  missing, or misshapen.
  3. Abrasion
    a scraping away of the skin surface by friction.
  4. anhidrosis
    abnormal condition of no sweat
  5. comedo
    collection of hardened sebum in the hair follicle. Also called a blackhead.
  6. contusion
    Injury caused by a blow to the body; causes swelling, pain, and bruising. The skin is not broken.
  7. cyanosis
    bluish tint to the skin caused by deoxygenated blood.
  8. cyst
    fluid-filled sac under the skin.
  9. depigmentation
    Loss of normal skin color or pigment.
  10. diaphoresis
    Profuse sweating
  11. ecchymosis
    skin discoloration caused by blood collecting under the skin following blunt trauma to the skin. A bruise
  12. erythema
    Redness or flushing of the skin
  13. erythroderma
    condition of having reddened of flushed skin.
  14. eschar
    a thick layer of dead tissue and tissue fluid that develops over a deep burn area.
  15. fissure
    crack-like lesion or groove on the skin.
  16. hirsutism
    excessive hair growth over the body
  17. Hyperemia
    redness of the skin due to the increased blood flow
  18. hyperpigmentation
    abnormal amount of pigentation in the skin
  19. ichthyoderma
    the condition of having scaly and dry skin
  20. lesion
    A general term for a wound, injury, or abnormality.
  21. Leukoderma
    having skin that appears whie because the normal skin pigment is absent. May be all the skin or just in some areas.
  22. lipoma
    fatty mass
  23. macule
    flat, discolored area that is flush with the skin surface. An example would be a freckle or a birthmark.
  24. necrosis
    abnormal condition of death.
  25. nevus
    pigmented skin blemish, birthmark, or mole. Usually benign but may become cancerous.
  26. nodule
    firm, solid mass of cells in the skin larger than 0.5 cm in diameter
  27. onychomalacia
    softening of the nails
  28. pallor
    abnormal paleness of the skin
  29. papule
    small, solid, circular raised spot on the surface of the skin less than 0.5 cm in diameter.
  30. petechiae
    pinpoint purple or red spots from minute hemorrhages under the skin.
  31. photosensitivity
    condition in which the skin reacts abnormally when exposed to light, such as the ultraviolet (UV) rays of the sun.
  32. pruritus
    severe itching
  33. purulent
    containing pus or an infection that is producing pus Pus consists of dead bacteria, white blood cells, and tissue debris.
  34. pustule
    raised spott on the skin containing pus
  35. pyoderma
    the presence of pus o or in the layers of skin. a sign of a bacterial infection
  36. scleroderma
    a condition in which the skin has lost the elasticity and become hardened
  37. seborrhea
    oily discharge
  38. suppurative
    containing or producing pus
  39. ulcer
    open sore or lesion in skin or muccous membrane
  40. urticaria
    also called hives; a skin eruption of pale reddish wheals with severe itching. Usually associated with food allergy, stress, or drug reactions
  41. vesicle
    a blister; small, fluid-filled raised spot on the skin
  42. wheal
    small, round, swollen area on the skin; typically seen in allergic skin reactions such as hives and usually accompanied by urticaria.
  43. xeroderma
    condition in which the skin is abnormally dry.
  44. abscess
    A collection of pus in the skin
  45. acne
    inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles resulting in papules and pustules.
  46. acne rosacea
    chronic form of acne seen in adults involving redness, tiny pimples, and broken blood vessels, primarily on the nose and cheeks.
  47. acne vulgaris
    common form of acne seen in teenagers. characterized by comedo, papules, and pustules.
  48. albinism
    a genetic condition in which the body is unable to make melanin. Characterized by white hair and skin and red pupils due to the lack of pigment. the person with albinism is called an albino.
  49. basal cell carcinoma
    cancerous tumor of the basal cell layer of the epidermis. A frequent type of skin cancer that rarely metastasizes or spreads. These cancers can arise on sun-exposed skin.
  50. burn
    • Damage to the skin that can result from exposure to open fire, electricity, ultraviolet light from the sun, or castic chemicals.
    • 1st - superficial (skin reddened)
    • 2nd- Partial thichness (blisters)
    • 3rd- full thickness (charring)
  51. cellulitis
    a diffuse, acute infection, and inflammation of the connective tissue found in the skin
  52. decubitus ulcer
    • open sore caused by pressure over bony prominences cutting off the blood flow to the overlying skin.
    • Bed sores or pressure sore
  53. dermatitis
    inflammation of the skin
  54. dry gangere
    late stages of ganagere characterized by the affected area becoming dried. Blackened, and shriveled; referred to as mummified.
  55. eczema
    superficial dermatitis of unknown cause accompanied by redness, vesicles, itching, and crusting.
  56. gangrene
    tissue necrosis usually due to deficient blood supply
  57. itchyosis
    condition in which the skin becomes dry scaly, and keratinized
  58. impetigo
    a highly infectious bacterial infection of the skin with pustules that rupture and become crusted over.
  59. Kaposi's sarcoma
    form of skin cancer frequently seen in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients. Consists of brownish-purple papules that spread from the skin and metastasize to internal organs.
  60. keloid
    Formation of a raised and thickened hypertrophic scar after an injury of surgery.
  61. keratosis
    term for any skin condition involving an overgrowth and thickening of the epidermis layer.
  62. Laceration
    A torn or jagged wound; incorrectl y used to describe a cut.
  63. Malignant melanoma
    Dangerous form of skin cancer caused by an uncontrolled growth of melanocytes. May quickly metastasize or spread to internal organs.
  64. Pediculosis
    infestation with lice. The eggs laid by the lice are called nits and cling thightly to the hair.
  65. Psoriasis
    Chronic inflammatory conditionn consisting of papules forming "silvery scale" patches with circular borders.
  66. Rebella
    contagious viral skin infection. Commonly called german measles.
  67. Scabies
    Contagious skin disease caused by an egglaying mite that burrows through the skinn and causes redness and intense itching; often seen in children.
  68. Sebaceous
    sac under the skin filled with sebum or oul from a sebaceous gland. This can grow to  large size and may need to be excised
  69. Cicatrix
    A scar
  70. Squamous cell carcinoma
    Cnacer of the epidermis layer of skin that may invade deeper tissue and metastasize. Often begins as as sore that does not heal.
  71. Strawberry Hemangioma
    congenital collection of dilated blood vessels causing a red birthmark that fades a few months after birth.
  72. Systemic lupus erythematosus
    Chronic disease of the connective tissue that injures the skin joints, kidneys, nerous system, and muscous membranes. This is an auto immune condition meaning that the body's own immune system attacks normal tissue of the body. May produce a characteristic red, scaly butterfly rash across the cheeks and nose.
  73. Tinea
    fungal skin disease resulying in itching scaling lesions.
  74. Tinea pedis
    Fungal infetion of the foot. Commonly called athlete's foot.
  75. Varicella
    Contagious viral skin infection. Commonly called chickenpox.
  76. Tinea capitis
    Fungal infection of the scalp. Commonly called ringworm.
  77. Vitiligo
    Disappearance of pigment from the skin in pateches. causing a milk-white appearance. Also calle leukoderma.
  78. Wet gangrene
    An area of gangrene that becomes secondarily infected by pus-producing bacteria.
  79. Alopecia
    Absence or loss of hair, especially of the head. Commonly called baldness.
  80. Carbuncle
    Furuncle involving several hair follicles.
  81. Furuncle
    Bacterial infection of a hair follicle. Characterized by redness, pain, and swelling. Also called a boil.
  82. Trichomycosis
    Abnormal condition of hair fungus
  83. Onychia
    Infected nail bed.
  84. Onychomycosis
    abnormal condition of nail fungus
  85. Onychophagia
    Nail eating (nail biting)
  86. Paronychia
    Infection of teh skin fold arond a nail