Medical Terminology Exam #1

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McKayla
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194877
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Medical Terminology Exam #1
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2013-01-23 23:32:46
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HLTH 1300 Medical Terminology Connie Erdmann
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HLTH 1300 - Medical Terminology - Connie Erdmann
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  1. -cle
    Small
  2. -Cyte
    Cell
  3. -Derma
    Skin condition
  4. -Ectomy 
    Surgical removal
  5. -Genic
    Producing
  6. -ia
    State, condition
  7. -Itis
    Inflammation
  8. -Logist
    One who studies
  9. -Logy
    Study of
  10. -Malacia
    Abnormal softening
  11. -Megaly
    Inside, within
  12. -Oid
    Resembling
  13. -Oma
    Tumor, mass
  14. -Ospy
    View of
  15. -Osis
    Abnormal condition
  16. -Phagia
    Eating or swallowing
  17. -Rrhea
    Flow, discharge
  18. -Sclerosis
    Hardened condition
  19. -Tome
    Instrument used to cut
  20. An
    Without
  21. Epi
    Above
  22. Hyper
    Excessive, above
  23. Hypo
    Below
  24. Intra
    Inside, within
  25. Pachy
    Thick
  26. Per
    Through
  27. Sub
    Beneath, under
  28. Trans
    Across
  29. Inter
    • Between
    • Inter-vertebral
    • Between vertebrae
  30. A
    • Without 
    • Apnea
    • Breathing
  31. Dys
    • Abnormal 
    • Difficult
    • Painful
    • Dysunria
    • Painful unrination
  32. Sub
    • Below
    • Underneath
    • Subcutaneous
    • Underneath skin
  33. Bi
    • Two
    • Bilateral
    • Two sides
  34. Post
    • After
    • Post surgical 
    • After surgery
  35. Cephal
    Head
  36. Rhin
    Nose
  37. Card
    Heart
  38. Hepat
    Liver
  39. Gastr
    Stomach
  40. My
    Muscle
  41. Oste
    Bone
  42. Arthr
    Joint
  43. Aden
    Gland
  44. Adip
    Fat
  45. Cutane
    Skin
  46. Cyan
    Blue
  47. Dermat
    Skin
  48. Derm
    Skin
  49. Hidr
    Sweat
  50. Kerat
    • Keratin
    • Hard
    • Hornlike
  51. Lip
    Fat
  52. Melan
    • Melanin
    • Black
  53. Onych
    Nail
  54. Py
    Puss
  55. Seb
    • Sebum
    • Oil
  56. Trich 
    Hair
  57. Ungu
    Nail
  58. Bi/o
    Life
  59. Cancin
    Cancer
  60. Chem
    Chemical
  61. Cry
    Cold
  62. Erythr
    Red
  63. Itchty
    Scaly
  64. Leuk
    White
  65. Myc
    Fungus
  66. Necr
    Death
  67. Scler
    Hard
  68. Vesic
    • Bladder
    • Sac
  69. Xanth
    Yellow
  70. Xer
    Dry
  71. Epidermis
    • Superficial layer of skin 
    • Top layer
  72. Dermis
    Growing from hair root
  73. Subcutaneous
    • Pertaining to under skin
    • Deepest layer of skin
  74. Sweat Gland
    Temperature regulation
  75. Sensory Recptors
    Send information to brain regarding sense of touch.
  76. Sebaceous Gland
    • Lubricates skin
    • Flow of oil
  77. Hair Shaft
    Keratinized cells
  78. Abrasion
    • Skin injury that scrapes away surface of skin
    • Scrape
  79. Abscess
    • Infection by pyogenic bacteria
    • Collection of puss
  80. Alopecia
    Baldness
  81. Basal Cell Carinoma
    Skin cancer in basal cell layer
  82. Biopsy
    Surgical procedure to remove piece of tissue to make diagnosis 
  83. Boil
    Infection of hair follicle 
  84. 1st Degree Burn
    • Mild burn
    • Sunburn
  85. 2nd Degree Burn
    • Burn damage threw layers of skin
    • Blisters
  86. 3rd Degree Burn
    Burn damage to full thickness of skin
  87. Cauterization
    • Intentional destruction of tissue
    • Burning 
    • Freezing
  88. Cellulitis
    Inflammation of connective tissue
  89. Chemabrasion
    • Removal of superficial layer of skin using chemicals
    • Chemical pill
  90. Contusion
    • Blunt trauma to skin
    • Bruise
  91. Cyosurgery
    Using extreme cold to freeze or destroy tissue
  92. Cyst
    Fluid filled sac under skin
  93. Debridment 
    Removal of foreign material & dead or damaged tissue
  94. Decubitus Ucler
    Open sore caused by pressure over bony prominence 
  95. Derabrassion
    Scarping skin with rotating wire brushes
  96. Deratome
    Instrument that cuts out small section of skin
  97. Ecchymosis
    • Black & blue 
    • Bruise
  98. Erythema 
    Redness of skin
  99. Fissure
    Crack-like break in skin
  100. Gangrene
    Tissue necrosis caused by loss of blood supply
  101. Herpes Simplex
    Infection, causing blisters around lips & nose
  102. Herpes Zoster
    Viral infection of a nerve root
  103. Impetigo
    Inflammatory skin disease with pustules that rupture
  104. Laceration
    Jagged-edged skin wound caused by tearing skin
  105. Laser Surgery
    Presence of some type of tissue abnormally
  106. Macule
    Flat, discolored spot on skin surface
  107. Malignant Melanoma
    Aggressive skin cancer
  108. Necrosis
    Area of tissue death
  109. Nodule
    Solid, raised clump of skin cells
  110. Onychia
    Inflamed nail bed
  111. Papule
    Small, solid, raised lesion on surface of skin
  112. Pruritus
    Sever itching
  113. Psoriasis
    Chronic inflammatory condition consisting of papules
  114. Porpura
    Purplish-red bruises usually occurring in people with thin, easily damaged skin
  115. Pustule
    Raised spot on skin containing pus
  116. Skin Graft
    Transfer of the skin from normal area to cover another site.
  117. Squamous Cell Carinoma
    Skin cancer begins in epidermis but may grow deeper into tissue
  118. Tinea
    Fungal skin disease
  119. Ulcer
    Open sore
  120. Urticaria
    Skin eruption of pale reddish wheals
  121. Varicella
    Viral infection with skin rash
  122. Vesicle
    Small, fluid-filled raised spot on skin
  123. Wheal
    Small, round, raised area on skin
  124. Gram
    • Record
    • Picture
  125. Pathy
    Disease
  126. Right Hypochondriac
    Right lateral side of upper row under lower ribs that are connected to sternum by cartilage 
  127. Epigastric
    Middle area of upper row overlying stomach
  128. Left Hypochondriac
    Left lateral side of upper row
  129. Umbilical 
    Middle area of middle row containing naval
  130. Right Iliac
    Right lateral side of lower row near groin
  131. Hypograstic 
    Middle area of lower row
  132. Left Iliac
    Left lateral side of lower row near groin
  133. Pertaining to
    • Ac
    • Al
    • Ar
    • Iac
    • Ic
    • Ior
  134. Ante
    In front of
  135. Epi
    Above
  136. Hypo
    Below
  137. Retro
    Behind
  138. Frontal (Coronal) Plane
    Vertical plane that runs from side to side
  139. Sagittal Plane
    Vertical plane that run front to back
  140. Transverse Plane
    Horizontal plane, slices body into upper & lower portions
  141. Distal 
    Farthest
  142. Prone
    Term meaning to lie face down
  143. Inferior
    Below
  144. Anterior
    Front side of body
  145. Caudal 
    Tail
  146. Lateral
    Side
  147. Meidal
    Middle
  148. Posterior/Dorstal
    Back side of body
  149. Proximal
    Nearest
  150. Superficial 
    Term meaning surface
  151. Superior
    Above
  152. Suprine
    Term meaning to lie face up
  153. Ventral
    Belly side of body
  154. Cranial
    • Orbital 
    • Nasal
    • Otic
    • Oral
  155. Abdominal 
    Stomach
  156. Antecubital
    Front of elbow
  157. Axillary
    Arm
  158. Cervical
    Neck
  159. Fermoral
    • Femur
    • High
  160. Gential
    Gentials
  161. Gluteal
    Buttocks
  162. Inguinal
    Groin
  163. Lower Extremity
    Phrase used to refer entire leg
  164. Nasal
    Nose
  165. Orbital 
    Eye socket
  166. Oral
    Mouth
  167. Otic
    Ear
  168. Palmar
    Term meaning palm of hand
  169. Patellar
    Kneecap
  170. Pelvic
    Pelvis
  171. Plantar
    Term meaning sole of foot
  172. Popliteal
    Term meaning ceased area behind knee
  173. Trunk
    Term meaning torso, excluding head
  174. Upper extremity
    Phrase used to refer to entire arm

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