Anatomy II Exam 5

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studytaz
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195009
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Anatomy II Exam 5
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2013-01-26 16:33:00
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Arteries upper extremities lower
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Anatomy II Exam 5 Arteries of the upper extremities/Arteries of the lower extremities
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  1. The brachiocephalic trunk is a relatively short artery (1½” - 2") which terminates by bifurcating into
    • right subclavian artery
    • and
    • right common carotid artery
  2. the subclavian arteries extends laterally toward the corresponding upper extremity, changing names to become the ________ ______ as it passes the lateral border of the first rib.
    axillary artery
  3. The ______________ __________ is a branch of the subclavian artery which courses up the neck, passing through the transverse processes of most of the cervical vertebrae.
    vertebral artery
  4. It provides the blood supply to parts of the spinal cord and brain stem.
    vertebral artery
  5. The vertebral arteries end by passing through the floor of the cranium and then uniting to form the _______ ______
    basilar artery
  6. feeds into the Circle of Willis (or cerebral arterial circle)
    basilar artery
  7. the basilar artery, which feeds into the
    Circle of Willis (or cerebral arterial circle)
  8. the subclavian artery branches to the (4 arteries)
    • 1. The vertebral artery
    • 2. The internal thoracic artery (or internal mammary artery)
    • 3. the thyro-cervical trunk
    • 4. the costo-cervical trunk.
  9. Branches of the subclavian artery (4)
    • 1. The internal thoracic artery (or internal mammary artery)
    • 2. The vertebral artery
    • 3. the thyro-cervical trunk
    • 4. the costo-cervical trunk.
  10. It descends along the anterior thoracic wall
    internal thoracic artery (or internal mammary artery)
  11. internal thoracic artery (or internal mammary artery) descends along the anterior thoracic wall giving rise to the
    anterior intercostal arteries
  12. Each runs just lateral to the sternum, providing the blood supply to the rib spaces.
    anterior intercostal arteries
  13. The anterior intercostal arteries will
    anastomose with the corresponding _______ ________ ___________, thereby
    providing a continuous blood supply to the rib spaces.
    posterior intercostal arteries
  14. ____________ _________ gives origin to branches which provide the
    blood supply to the underside of the thyroid gland, anterior root of the
    neck, and the area of the shoulder just above the scapula.
    The thyro-cervical trunk
  15. The thyro-cervical trunk branches (3)
    • 1. Inferior Thyroid Artery
    • 2. Transverse Artery of the Neck
    • 3. Suprascapular Artery
  16. The costo-cervical trunk's branches to (2)
    • 1. Posterior Intercostal Aa (#'s 1 & 2)
    • 2. Deep Cervical
  17. __________ ________ provide the blood supply to the posterior intercostal spaces # I and # 2
    Posterior Intercostal Aa.
  18. ______ ___________ branches to the deep muscles of the neck.
    Deep Cervical
  19. the subclavian artery passes the lateral border of the first rib it becomes the ______ ______.
    axillary artery.
  20. ______ _______ is very deep until it becomes superficial in the axillary space (the area under the arm, armpit).
    Axillary Artery
  21. Axillary Artery branches to (4)
    • 1. Thoraco-acromial A. (Acromio-thoracic A)
    • 2. Lateral Thoracic A.
    • 3. Subscapular A.
    • 4. Posterior Humeral Circumflex A.
  22. supplies blood supply to the shoulder joint
    Thoraco-acromial A. (Acromio-thoracic A.)
  23. supplies blood supply to the muscles of the chest
    Lateral Thoracic A.
  24. supplies blood supply to shoulder
    Subscapular A.
  25. supplies blood to to and around the head of the humerus
    Posterior Humeral Circumflex A.
  26. The axillary artery extends into the arm to a point just inferior to the lower border of
    the tendon of the teres major muscle, where it becomes the ______ ______.
    brachial artery
  27. The most prominent branch of the brachial artery is the
    deep brachial (or brachial profundus) artery
  28. runs parallel to the brachial artery providing the blood supply to the muscles of the arm.
    deep brachial (or brachial profundus) artery
  29. The brachial artery courses down through the arm to a point just inferior to the bend of
    the elbow where it bifurcates into its terminal branches (2),
    • 1.the radial artery
    • 2.the ulnar artery.
  30. The forearm has two major arteries
    • 1.the radial artery
    • 2.the ulnar artery.
  31. The radial artery becomes the _______ _______ ________ ________which loops around and connects with the ulnar artery.
    deep palmar (or volar) arch
  32. The ulnar artery becomes the _____ _______ _______ _______which loops around and connects with the radial artery.
    superficial palmar (or volar) arch
  33. it is often used to take one's pulse
    The radial artery
  34. Branches of the palmar arches providing the blood supply to the fingers are called the ______ _______.
    digital arteries
  35. List the branches of the Arch of the Aorta in order:
    • 1. Bracio-cephalic
    • 2. Lt Common Carotid
    • 3.Lt Subclavian
  36. Branch of the Arch of Aorta – Providing blood supply to Left Upper Extremity:
    Lt Subclavian
  37. Branch of the Arch of Aorta – Providing blood supply to Right Upper Extremity:
    • Bracio-cephalic
    • Inniminate
  38. Branch of the Arch of Aorta – Providing blood supply to Left Side of Head & Neck:
    Lt common carotid
  39. Landmark found between the Subclavian Artery and the Axillary Artery:
    lateral border of the 1st rib
  40. Landmark found between the Axillary Artery and the Brachial Artery:
    tendon of teras major muscle
  41. Name the two vessels formed from the bifurcation of the Brachial Artery:
    10. – Medial Branch:
    11. – Lateral Branch:
    • Ulnar A
    • Radial A
  42. Vessels in the palms of the hands forming loops which anastomosize between # 10 & 11 above:
    • Palmar Arches
    • Volar Arches
  43. Vessel that is the terminal continuation of the Radial Artery into the palm of the hand:
    Deep Volar (Palmar) Arch
  44. Vessel that is the terminal continuation of the Ulnar Artery into the palm of the hand:
    Superficial Volar (Palmar) Arch
  45. The branches of the # 14 & 15 which provide the blood supply to the fingers:
    Distal Arteries
  46. The branch of the Subclavian Artery which provides for the blood supply to the anterior chest wall & breasts:
    • Internal Thoracic A
    • Internal Mammary A
  47. The branch of the Subclavian Artery which provides for the blood supply to parts of the spinal chord, the brain stem, and ends by uniting with its pair at the base of the brain:
    Vertebral A
  48. The branch of the Subclavian Artery whose branches provide for the blood supply to the thyroid gland and neck:
    Thyro-cervical Trunk
  49. The branch of the Subclavian Artery whose branches provide for the blood supply to the first & second posterior intercostals spaces and muscles of the neck:
    Costo-cervical Trunk
  50. List the four (4) branches of the Axillary Artery:
    • 1. Thoraco-acromial A (Acromio-thoracic A)
    • 2. Lateral Thoracic A.
    • 3. Subscapular A.
    • 4. Posterior Humeral Circumflex A.
  51. Name the branch of the Brachial Artery and give its Latin name:
    • Deep Brachial A.
    • (Brachial Profundis A.)
  52. Chamber of the Heart where Pulmonary Circulation begins:
    Rt. Ventricle
  53. Chamber of the Heart where Pulmonary Circulation ends:
    Lt. Atrium
  54. Chamber of the Heart where System Circulation ends:
    Rt. Atrium
  55. Chamber of the Heart considered to be the beginning of Systemic Circulation:
    Lt. Ventricle
  56. Which blood cells are involved with Phagocytosis:
    Leukocytes (WBCs)
  57. Which blood cells are most closely associated with clotting:
    Thrombocytes (Platelettes)
  58. The common iliac arteries also bifurcate into
    • 1. the internal iliac artery (or hypogastric artery)
    • 2. the external iliac artery.
  59. provide the blood supply to the gluteal region, the urinary bladder, and the uterus in the female body
    The internal iliac arteries
  60. give rise to the umbilical arteries during fetal circulation.
    internal iliac arteries
  61. the external iliac artery passes under the inguinal ligament and it becomes
    the femoral artery
  62. Branches of the Femoral A
    • 1. medial¬†femoral circumflex artery
    • 2. lateral femoral circumflex artery
    • 3. deep femoral (or femoral profundus) artery
  63. provide the blood supply to the hip joint as well as the muscles of the superior-most portion of the thigh
    medial and lateral femoral circumflex arteries
  64. runs much deeper and parallel to the femoral artery providing the blood supply to the bone and muscles of the thigh
    deep femoral (or femoral profundus) artery
  65. continuation of the femoral artery as it passes through the opening in the adductor magnus muscle
    popliteal artery
  66. it lies behind the inferior-most portion of the femur
    popliteal artery
  67. The branches of the popliteal artery
    genicular arteries
  68. The branches of the popliteal artery (4)
    • 1. superior medial genicular artery
    • 2. superior lateral genicular artery
    • 3. inferior medial genicular artery
    • 4. inferior lateral genicular artery
  69. The popliteal artery extends to just below the bend of the knee where it bifurcates into
    • 1. the anterior tibial artery
    • 2. the posterior tibial artery
  70. extend to the foot
    • 1. the anterior tibial artery
    • 2. the posterior tibial artery
  71. The anterior tibial artery extends inferiorly along the anterior-lateral surface of the tibia (the shin), to the top of the foot where it becomes
    the dorsalis pedis artery (the great dorsal artery)
  72. The dorsalis pedis artery continues down onto the foot where it gives rise to a branch called
    the arcuate artery
  73. the arcuate artery branches to the toes called
    digital arteries
  74. The posterior tibial artery gives rise to a branch as it descends through the leg called
    the peroneal (or fibular) artery
  75. provides the blood supply to the muscles of the calf of the leg
    the peroneal (or fibular) artery
  76. The posterior tibial artery enters the foot behind the medial malleolus where it bifurcates into
    the medial and lateral plantar arteries
  77. provide the blood supply to the toes
    digital arteries
  78. At its inferior end the Abdominal Aorta bifurcates into these two vessels:
    • 1. Lt. Common Iliac
    • 2. Rt. Common Iliac
  79. At its inferior end the Abdominal Aorta bifurcates into these two vessels:
    • Inguinal ligament
    • (Boupart's Ligament)
  80. The Common Iliac Arteries bifurcate into these two vessels:
    • 1. Internal Iliac A (Hypogastric A)
    • 2. External Iliac A
  81. The vessel arising from the bifurcation of the Common Iliac Artery which provides the blood supply to the pelvic cavity and its contents:
    • Internal Iliac A
    • (Hypogastric A)
  82. The vessel arising from the bifurcation of the Common Iliac Artery which  continues into the lower extremity as the Femoral Artery:
    External Iliac A
  83. The branches of the Internal Iliac Arteries which are involved only in fetal circulation (before birth):
    Umbilical Aa.
  84. The Femoral Artery has three branches – name the pair that provide the blood supply to the hip-joint:
    • 1. Medial Femoral Circumflex Aa.
    • 2. Lateral Femoral Circumflex Aa.
  85. The Femoral Artery has three branches – name the branch that runs parallel and deep to the Femoral Artery (and gives its Latin name also):
    • Deep Femoral A.
    • (Femoral Profundis A)
  86. The landmark found between the Femoral Artery and the Popliteal Artery:
    Opening in the Adductor Magnus Muscle
  87. The continuation of the Femoral Artery is called:
    Popliteal A
  88. The branches of the Popliteal Artery providing the blood supply to the area about the knee:
    Genticular A.
  89. Just below the knee the Popliteal Artery bifurcates into these two vessels:
    • Anterior Tibial A.
    • Posterior Tibial A.
  90. The vessel arising from the bifurcation of the Popliteal Artery which provides the blood supply to the bottom of the foot:
    Posterior Tibial A.
  91. The vessel arising from the bifurcation of the Popliteal Artery which provides the blood supply to the top of the foot:
    Anterior Tibial A.
  92. The branch of the Posterior Tibial Artery which provides for the blood supply to the muscles of the calf of the leg:
    Peroneal (Fibular) A.
  93. The continuation of the Anterior Tibial at the top of the foot (and its alternate name):
    • Dorsalis Pedis Artery
    • (Greater Dorsal Artery)
  94. The continuation of the Dorsalis Pedis Artery on the foot that curves across behind the toes:
    Arcuate A
  95. The Branches of the Arcuate Artery that provide the blood supply to the toes:
    Distal Aa.
  96. The terminal branches of the Posterior Tibial Artery at the bottom of the foot:
    • 1. Medial Plantar Aa.
    • 2. Lateral Plantar Aa.
  97. The branches of the Plantar Arches which provide for the blood supply to the toes:
    Digital Aa.
  98. Another name for the Right Atrio-Ventricular Valve:
    Tricuspid Valve
  99. Two other names for the Left Atrio-Ventricular Valve:
    • 1. Bi-Cuspid
    • 2. Mitral
  100. The blood cells responsible for fighting infections:
    • Leukocytes
    • WBCs
    • Phagocytes
  101. The blood cells which contain hemoglobin:
    • Erythrocytes
    • RBCs

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