Freshman English Midterm Poetry Terms

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emilygao
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195023
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Freshman English Midterm Poetry Terms
Updated:
2013-01-24 15:42:31
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Poetry terms
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poetry terms
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  1. A comparison made with “like”, “than” or “as”
    Simile
  2. A figure of speech in which the poet describes a non-living thing as if it were a person
    Personification
  3. A comparison that is without words such as “like”, “than”, or “as”
    Metaphor
  4. An expressive, non-literal use of language such as hyperbole, irony, metaphor, and simile
    Figure of Speech
  5. Something, usually a physical object that represents an abstract concept or idea
    Symbol
  6. Non-metrical, non-rhyming lines that closely follow the natural rhythms of speech
    Free Verse
  7. A grouping of lines separated from other in a poem
    Stanza
  8. A metrical line ending at a grammatical boundary or break--such as a dash
    or closing parenthesis--or with punctuation such as colon, a semicolon,
    or a period
    End Stopped Line
  9. The running over of a sentence or phrase from one poetic line to the next,
    without terminal punctuation; the opposite of end-stopped
    Enjambment
  10. A central or recurring image or action in a literary work that is shared by other works and may serve an overall theme
    Motif
  11. The repetition of a word or words at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses, or lines
    Anaphora
  12. The repetition of initial stressed, consonant sounds in a series of words within a phrase or verse line
    Alliteration
  13. The rhythmical pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a verse
    Meter
  14. A figure of speech in which the sound of a word imitates its sense
    Onomatopoeia
  15. A poet’s departure from the rules of grammar, syntax, and vocabulary in order to maintain a metrical or rhyme scheme
    Poetic License
  16. The repetition of syllables, typically at the end of a verse line
    Rhyme
  17. A rhyme scheme is usually the pattern of end rhymes in a stanza, with each rhyme encoded by a letter of the alphabet
    Rhyme Scheme
  18. Rhymes only when spelled, not when pronounced
    Eye Rhyme
  19. The most common type, is the rhyming of the final syllables of a line
    End Rhyme
  20. Applies to the rhyming of one or more unstressed syllables
    Feminine Rhyme
  21. Applies to the rhyming of one or more stressed syllables
    Masculine Rhyme
  22. The rhyming of the ending consonant sounds in a word
    Half Rhyme
  23. Uses the same word, identical in sound and in sense, twice in rhyming positions
    Identical Rhyme
  24. Rhyme within a single line of verse. when a word from the middle of a line is rhymed with a word at the end of the line
    Internal Rhyme
  25. An address to a dead or absent person, or personification as if he or she were present
    Apostrophe
  26. A 4-line stanza, rhyming (ex: ABAC, ABCB, AABB, etc.)
    Quatrain
  27. The basic unit of measurement of accentual-syllabic meter, usually contains one stressed syllable and at least on unstressed syllable
    Metrical Foot
  28. A metrical foot consisting of two unaccented syllables followed by an accented syllable
    Anapest
  29. A line made up of four feet
    Tetrameter
  30. A syllable uttered in a higher pitch--or with greater emphasis--than others
    Stress
  31. Two feet per line
    Dimeter
  32. Half rhyme or off rhyme
    Slant Rhyme
  33. Type of metrical foot, a foot with two syllables
    Iamb
  34. Vowel rhyme
    Assonance
  35. Consonant sounds match
    Consonance

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