Micro Ch1

Card Set Information

Author:
kmhedge
ID:
195103
Filename:
Micro Ch1
Updated:
2013-01-24 20:50:44
Tags:
Microbiology
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Description:
Brief history of microbiology
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  1. Leeuwenhoek’s most important contribution to the field of microbiology was
    the microscope
  2. Which microbial group was NOT discovered until the introduction of modern
    research tools?
    Viruses
  3. Who was the first scientist to challenge the theory of spontaneous generation?
    Francesco Redi
  4. Early scientists used the term fermentation to mean
    • the formation of alcohol, acids
    • putrefaction of meat.
  5. The germ theory of disease specifically applies to
    infectious diseases.
  6. What laboratory technique became important as a means to satisfy Koch’s first
    postulate?
    Isolation of organisms in pure culture
  7. The Gram stain is useful for distinguishing among which types of microbes?
    Bacteria
  8. Who was the first physician to truly gain acceptance for the concept of
    anti-sepsis?
    Joseph Lister
  9. Which of the following questions was NOT answered during the Golden Age of
    microbiology?
    Does microbial life exist on other planets?
  10. What roles do microbes play in the environment?
    Causing disease, decaying dead organisms, and recycling chemicals are all roles that are played by microbes
  11. Leeuwenhoek’s “beasties are now often called
    microbes
  12. Another term for spontaneous generation is
     abiogenesis.
  13. A specific microbe that is responsible for producing a specific disease is called
    a
     pathogen.
  14. Infections acquired in health care settings as a result of inadequate cleanliness are
    called
    nosocomial infections.
  15. The first physician to use a vaccine on another individual was
    Edward Jenner

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