Qtr 2 Cervical and head anatomy section 1 fascial

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bradley.knox
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195126
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Qtr 2 Cervical and head anatomy section 1 fascial
Updated:
2013-02-05 17:16:56
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Fascial layers
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Fascial Layers
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  1. What is the clinical significance of fascia?
    • Free movement
    • helps prevent spread of infection
    • Tissue pull in chiropractic adjustments
    • myofascial pain syncrome
  2. What does the Superficial cervical fascia (tela subcutanea) invest?
    Platysma
  3. What muscles does the superficial layer of deep cervical fascia invest?
    • SCM
    • Trapezius
  4. What are the two layers of pretracheal deep cervical fascia?
    • Muscular
    • Visceral
  5. The superficial layer  of the pretracheal layer invests what muscles?
    Sternohyoid and omohyoid muscles
  6. What deep layer of the pretracheal layer invest what muscles?
    sternothyroid and thyrohyoid
  7. The pretracheal visceral layer invests what?
    • Thyroid gland
    • larynx
    • pharynx
    • trachea
    • esophagus
  8. The pretracheal visceral layer is continuous with what structures?
    • Buccopharyngeal fascia
    • Carotid sheath
  9. What does the buccopharyngeal fascia invest?
    buccinator muscle and dorsal esophagus
  10. What three fascial layers form the carotid sheath?
    investing, pretracheal, prevertebral
  11. What are the contents of the carotid sheath?
    Internal and common carotid arteries, internal jugular veins, vagus nerve
  12. What does the prevertebral fascia invest?
    Vertebral column, muscles and Axillary sheath
  13. where is the anterior (alar) prevertebral fascia located?
    • invest prevertebral muscles
    • separates alar space
    • bifurcates to seperate alar fascia into two parts
  14. What does the posterior prevertebral fascia invest?
    Deep cervical muscles
  15. What is the largest cervical space and what is its function?
    • Retropharyngeal
    • allows free movement when swallowing
  16. What is considered the danger space due to the ease of infection to spread?
    Posterior retropharyngeal space
  17. What space is posterior to the infrahyoid mm, surrounds trachea and anterior esophagus? Rupture of esophagus can spill contents into space.
    Pretracheal space
  18. What space is between the prevertebral fascia and vertebral bodies; disk are susceptible to infection (i.e. tuberculosis)
    Prevertebral space

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