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What is the difference between HIV and Aids?
- o The
- retrovirus responsible for the development of AIDS; can be transmitted during
- vaginal or anal intercourse. A virus primarily transmitted through bodily
- fluids, including semen, vaginal fluids, breast milk, and blood.
- A conditioned of increased
- susceptibility to opportunistic diseases; results from an infection with HIV,
- which destroys the body’s immune system
What are some high risk behaviors?
High Risk Behaviors
- Unprotected sex without male and female condoms;
- unless both partners are in committed relationships and have been previously
- Engaging in oral sex without protection; unless
- both partners are in a committed relationship and have been previously tested
- Engaging in sexual intercourse before the age of
- Having multiple sex partners
- Engaging in sexual behavior with a partner who
- has multiple sex partners
- Engaging in anal sex without a condom
Crabs: Symptoms, diagnosis, treatment
- Symptoms—mild to unbearable
- itching, which often increases in the evening
- Diagnosis—it can be seen (the lice
- and the eggs) with the naked eye
- Treatment—must kill the insect and
- the egg. In must be killed on sheets and clothing. Kwell ointment comes in
- shampoo or cream. Apply directly to the pubic hair for approximately 12 hour.
Gonorrhea: Symptoms, Diagnosis and treatmeant
- symptoms—the majority of women who have
- gonorrhea do not even know they have it they are asymptomatic. Cervix is the
- most common site of infection. Abnormal bleeding and increase in urinary
- frequency. Urination can be painful.
- Diagnosis—collecting a sample from the
- cervix, urethra, or another infected area with a cotton swab. The sample is
- incubated to allow the bacteria to multiply. The slide is then examined under a
- microscope for the presence of Gonococcus bacterium.
- Treatment—can be treated effectively with
- antibiotics, either orally or via injection.
Syphilis: Symptoms, diagnosis, treatment
Symptoms—it is divided into three stages.
- o First
- stage—10-90 days one or more red or brown sores called chancres, that appear
- penis, vagina, vulva etc.
- o Second
- stage—3-6 weeks, syphilis invades the central nervous system. The infected
- person develops reddish patches on the skin. Also may have wart like growth
- o Third
- (and final stage) the disease goes into remission. After a year they won’t be
- able to infect anyone, but the potential of having neurological problems are
- greatly increased.
- Diagnosis—anyone who develops a
- chancres shout see a health care provider. A culture can be taken from the
- lesion and microscopically examined, also blood test.
- Treatment—easy to treat. For
- infection in less than a year a single injection of antibiotic; if untreated
- can be fatal.
Chlamydia: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment
- Symptoms—it is called the silent
- disease, some people are asymptomatic. Burning sensation during urination,
- cervical bleeding, sometimes discharge, but not all, and may mean other STI’S
- Diagnosis—sample of cells of
- “infected area. Urine based test.
- Treatment—antibiotics although
- there may be strands resistant to the bacteria. (7-10 days) Women, after treatment should be
- retested after 3 months.
Herpes: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment
- Symptoms—blisters, for women these
- blisters discharge
- Diagnosis—the presence of blisters
- can be enough to diagnose
- Treatment—there is no cure for
- infection with the herpes virus. Once infected the virus will stay with the
- person until they die.
HPV: Symptoms, Diagnosis, treatment
- Symptoms—most people do not develop any
- symptoms; although some people 10% develop genital warts.
- Diagnosis—it may come up in the pap test
- but 90 percent of the time it goes unnoticed. HPV DNA test; commonly used to
- check against the types that can cause cancer.
- Treatment—it can cause genital warts and
- vaginal discharge, chemical topical solution can be use to treat the genital
HIV: Symptoms, Diagnosis, treatment
- Symptoms—Gradual deterioration of the immune
- system through destruction of t-helper cells. For non-depressed people this can
- take up to 5 years and for those who are it can take about 3 years.
- Diagnosis—through blood test or HIV
- Treatment—antiretroviral therapy; pills and
List the four main body fluids that carry HIV
Blood, semen, vaginal fluids and breast milk
Know in general way how HIV works in the body
- HIV attaches itself to the t-helper cells and
- injects its infectious RNA into the fluid of the helper cell. RNA contains an
- enzyme known as reverse transcriptase, which is capable of changing the RNA
- into DNA. The new DNA takes over the t-helper cell and begins to manufacture
- more HIV.
What are microbicides?
- Chemical that works by inhibiting sperm
- function; effective against HIV and other STI’s and not harmful to the vaginal
- or cervical cells.
What is the “Sexual Network?"
- A sexual network is the infrastructure of
- everyone person involved in large or smaller linked group of individuals. And
- example of such can be seen from the research in the school; or in our class
- when we did the one person was infected with syphilis and how we are all at
- risk within a certain network if there are links that connect a person with
- others in that network.
- This is an important focus of research because
- sexologist would be able to tell how disease spread, between a given group and
- it can provide insight to better educate individuals.
Which STD is the most commonly reported infectious disease
in the United States, leads to pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, and is
often called an STD epidemic, though expert believe the majority of the cases
go unreported, primarily because women don’t have symptoms?
For each STD/STI, indicate if it is a virus (v), bacteria (b), or parasite (p)
- A. Crabs (p) Gonorrhea (Bacteria) Syphilis (Bacterial)
- Chlamydia (Bacteria) Herpes (Virus), HPV (VIRUS) HIV (Virus)
- The release of outbreak infections between outbreaks from infected