Card Set Information
diet exam study cards
what are the five nutrient groups?
minerals and vitamens
what is the most vital nutrient?
why should pets be on high quality diets not be given supplements?
developmental problems in puppys
diets meet nutritional needs
why is taurine inportant for cats?
assential amino acid for maintaning adequate tissue levels
what percentage of a diet can be exchanged for treats?
why must protein be of high biological value?
to be more easily digested and absorbed
what is the definition of taurine?
sulphur containing amino acid derived from animal protein
differnce between carnivore and omnivore
omnivore-protein and vegtables
what does palatability mean?
pleasentness of taste
feeding a dog vegtables can make a dogs urine ......this is a concern because......?
it can cause crystals and stone formation in the urine
why are high quality diets more economical tha others?
you feed less and still have more nutrients compacted
pregnant and lactating animals how many more times of food?
what are the clinical signs seen with poor nurtrition in pregnant and nursing mothers?
anemia in bitch or pups
poor milk production
mother appears out of condition
fading puppy syndrome
2 reasons why free choice feeding for cats is not a good idea?
hard to regulate weight
what condition makes a dog more prone to joint problems?
list four diets for an obese cats?
mcrc calorie control
what type of diet will be Rx for a cat with FLUTD
name three diets that a cat with FLUTD could be prescribed for the rest of its life
MCRC Urinary S/O
iams vet formula urine low ph
hills c/d multi-care
list four diets for growing cats and dogs
MCRC development kitten
hills healthy advantage puppy
Hills healthy advantage kitten
PVD pediatric puppy
can hills healthy advantage be used as a maintenance diet for cats and dogs?
list four diets for cats and dogs with skin allergies
MCRC hypo Hp-feline
MCRC skin care-canine
Hills z/d- feline
Hills z/d ultra (allergen-free) canine
name the diet for dogs wiwht early dementia problems?
what is the definition of the abbreviation n/d
list 3 diets that are made specifically for dogs with skeletal problems
MCRC mobility support
list three diets for dogs and cats with intestinal disorders
hills z/d ultra
list four diets for kidney disease in cats
mcrc renal lp
mcrc reduced kidney
two diets for animals with diabetes mellitus
list four post surgery diets for cats and dogs
iams vet formula max calorie
All short term diets for puppy and kitten diet to give back fat
what two diets are given specifically to older cats?
list three diets for both cats and dogs with heart disease
MCRC renal LP
name one diet that helps cats with hairballs
hills hairball formula
list three diets for dogs and cats with heart disease
MCRC renal Lp
cats need.....protein than dogs?
which company doesnt make a vegetarian diet for dogs?
a cat or dog with kidney problems needs less what in there diet?
what are two types of carbohydrates and what is the differnce between them?
insoluable (in-digestible) soluble (simple sugars or monosaccharides)
what is a major benefits to feeding a dental formula as a maintenance diet?
preventitive to dental disease
cats usually get.....in there urine and dogs get........?
which company first came out with prescription diets?
what are three objectives to proper nutrition?
support normal growth
maintain health and activity
what is a protein?
organic compounds made up of amino acids essential part of the body mass. ie cells, blood , muscle
what is a BARF diet?
bones and raw food *(biologically appropriate raw food)
what is a balanced diet
diet made up of a essential nutrient in balanced proportions
associate american animal feed control officials
what is a by-product?
material generated incidentally to the production of something else. eg blood bone fat excludes, hair, hide
what is the differnce between maintenance and theraputic diets?
maintenance is used to prevent medical conditions
theraputic diets are usd to control existing conditions
sulphur containing amino acid derived from mammalian protein
organic compound made up of chains of amino acid essential part of the body mass ie cells muscle blood diet must contain high proportion of protein to maintain body mass
mineral content in food, usually magnesium
meat and plant eater
materials generated incidentally to the production of something else eg blood bone fat. this excludes hair hide horns teeth hooves manure feathers and stomach contents
a measured portion of food taken at during a specific time frame
diet made up of all essential nutrients in balanced proportions
pleasentness of taste
free to eat as much as wanted whenever wanted (no measured proportions)
acidity or alkalinity (eg. of urine)
feeding in excess of requirements can lead to rapid weight gain, developmental or skeletal abnormalitys
hills-anorexia diet-mcrc recovery
hills-brain diet-mcrc calm
hills crystal diet-mcrc urinary s/o
hills neoplasia diet- mcrc no equivalent
hills derm diet-mcrc skin support, hypo, hypo hp
hills heart diet-mcrc cardiac
hills geriatric-mcrc mature senior consult
hills intestinal- MCRC gastro
hills joint diet- mcrc mobility support
hills kidney-mcrc reduced protein, renal lp
hills liver diet-mcrc hepatic
hills mellitus (metabolic)-mcrc diabetic
hills pediatric-mcrc development
hills reducing-mcrc reducing, weight control, calorie control
hills stone diet-mcrc s/o
hills urate crystals-no equivalent
hills weight diet-mcrc weight control
hills hyperthyrioid-no equivalent
hills allergys-mcrc hypo
hills allergys-mcrc hypo, vegetarian, sensetivity
hills oxalcate crystals- mcrc urinary s/o
energy is provided by?
ingestion of fats, proteins, carbohydrates
food energy is measured by what?
the heat it produces
heat of combustion
heat produced by burning food energy
what is energy measured in?
how is water obtained?
from drinking water or from metabolic breakdown of fats, carbs and proteins
how much water loss can be fatal?
what can an animal survive after for long amounts of time?
fat, glycogen and almost half of its protein
what is the proteins function in the body?
enzymes i.e digestive enzymes, hormones, (ie insulen) body secretions, saliva, and are critical to growing pets
protein must be of....................and....................?
high biological value and easily absorbed
protein is critical to which pets?
pets that exert themselfs physically
animals that are producing new tissue
what does the term carbohydrate cover?
molecules composed of carbon
what affects do carbs have on the body/
alter gi function
improve body function
what are the two types of carbohydrates?
what are insoluble carbohydrates?
indigestible which are called dietary fibre
what are soluble carbs?
simple sugars or monosaccharides which are easily absorbed require no digestion and are the only carbs used for energy
what can fibre do to the stool?
increase bulk of stool and produce larger softer stools which are easier to pass
how does fiber alter fat and sugars?
it alters the fat and sugar metabolism by decreasing fat absorption or increasing cholesterol excretion
how does fibre help in insulin managment?
alters insulen kinetics
what are fats?
what are fats needed for?
absorption of fat soluble vitamins (ADEK)
source of essential fatty acids for cell membranes and hormone/enzyme production
if a diet is high in protein and carbs what is not needed?
fats are not needed
how much energy does fat give to the body?
what are minerals and vitamins?
trace elements, they are vital for the body to function
which 2 vitamins are water soluble?
b and c
which 4 vitamins are fat soluble
what are vitamin diet supplements needed for?
acid base balance
maintenance of body fluid balances
cell function, muscle, nerve functions
production of enzymes (hormones and proteins that control metabolism)
what are the five objectives for proper nutrition
support normal growth
allow achievement of genetic potential
maintain health and activity
optimum quality of life of the pet
what percent of animals are overweight?
antioxidants (anti-free radicals)
fight aging, prevent and treat cardiovascular disease, cancer, nervous diseas and replenishment after excretment
prevents and treats osteo arthritis problems by limiting the degeneration of cartilage
green lipped mussel
extract of the mussel which reduces pain and inflammation of the joint mobility, also fights oxidation and maintains cartilage
from tumeric or curcuma powder, has effects on skin, liver, platelets and has anti cancer properties
has positive affects on the skin, it activates collegen for healing, anti inflam propertys, stimulates immune function and fights oxidation
a living organism admin orally to help balance intestinal flora this may help to treat or prevent digestive problems. also have impact on overall health and immunity