Chapter 16.3.3 and 4

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Chapter 16.3.3 and 4
2013-01-25 14:58:02
HON 122

Toward a New Heaven and a New Earth: The Scientific Revolution and the Emergence of Modern Science
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  1. I.                   Vesalius
    What was he into?
    • a.      Paracelsus=diagnosis and treatment of disease
    • b.      Anatomy was Vesalius
    •                                                               i.      Studied medicine in Paris; involved with Galen works , especially On Anatomical Proceduresà Vesalius emphasized practical research as principal avenue for understanding human anatomy
  2. I.                   Vesalius
    • a.      Professor of surgeryà published On the Fabric of the Human Body in 1543
    •                                                               i.      Based on Paduan lectures, in which he deviated from traditional practice by personally dissecting a body to illustrate discussion
    •                                                             ii.      Presented careful examination of individual organs and general structure of the human body
    • 1.      Book possible due to artistic advances and technical developments of Renaissance
    • a.      Made possible creation of illustrations
  3. I.                   Vesalius
    • a.      Hands-on approach to teaching anatomy= corrected Galen’s errors
    •                                                               i.      Galen’s assertions that great blood vessels originate from liverà Vesalius said they’re from the heart
    • b.      Still clung to Galen’s assertions including his idea of two kinds of blood in veins and arteries
    •                                                               i.      William Harvey corrected it with work on circulation of blood
  4. I.                   William Harvey
    •  a.      Attended Cambridge and Paduaà doctorate of medicine
    • b.      On the Motion of the Heart and Blood
    •                                                               i.      Did not break from Galen’s system 
  5. I.                   William Harvey
    Work based on....
    • a.      Work based on meticulous observations and experiments led to demolishment of ancient Greek’s erroneous contentions
    •                                                               i.      Heart and not liver was beginning of circulation and same blood flows in both veins and arteries and blood makes complete circuit through body
    • b.      ideas not recognized until 1660s with discovery of capillaries