Chapter 16.4.1 and 2

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Chapter 16.4.1 and 2
2013-01-25 15:02:47
HON 122

Toward a New Heaven and a New Earth: The Scientific Revolution and the Emergence of Modern Science
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  1. Women in the Origins of Modern Science: women, except religious, sought a life of __, but were hampered by tradition view that woman’s role was __,__, and __. Late 14th and early 15th centuries gave opportunities for elite women as enthusiasm for new secular learning called __encouraged Europe’s privileged and learned men to encourage women to __ and __
    • learning
    • daughter, wife, and mother
    • humanism
    • read and study Classical and Christian texts
  2. I. Margaret Cavendish
    • a.      Women interested in science got informal education
    •                                                               i.      Nobles had leisure and resources that gave them easy access to the world of learning and allowed noblewomen to participate in informal scientific networks of their fathers and brothersà Margaret
    • b.      Aristocratic; a participant in the crucial scientific debates of her time
  3. I. Margaret Cavendish
    • a.      Wrote many works, including Observations upon Experimental Philosophy and Grounds of Natural Philosophy
    •                                                               i.      Attacked defects of the rationalist and empiricist approaches to scientific knowledge and critical of growing belief that through science, humans would be masters of nature
  4. I. Margaret Cavendish
    • a.      In Germany, women interested in science came from different background
    •                                                               i.      Tradition of female participation in craft production allowed some women to become involved in observational science, especially entomology and astronomy
    • 1.      Every seven German astronomers were women (1650-1710)
  5. I.                   Maria Merian
    • a.      Female involved in craft tradition; established rep as important entomologist by 18th c.
    • b.      Trained by working in father’s workshop, where she learned illustration, very important since her exact observation of insects and plants was demonstrated through illustrations 
  6. I.                   Maria Merian
    a.      1699: expedition into wilds of Dutch Surinam in South America to collect and draw samples of plants and insect lifeà Metamorphosis of the Insects of Surinam (60 illustrations to show reproductive and developmental cycles f insect life)