abnormal psych

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pntaub
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195291
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abnormal psych
Updated:
2013-01-25 15:12:11
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abnormal psych chapter two
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historical and contemporary views of abnormal behavior
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  1. asylums
    historically, these were institutions meant solely for the care of the mentally ill
  2. behavioral perspective
    a theoretical viewpoint organized around the theme that learning is central in determining human behavior
  3. behaviorism
    school of psychology that formerly restricted itself primarily to the study or over behavior
  4. catharsis
    discharge of emotional tension associated with something, such as by talking about past traumas
  5. classical conditioning
    basic form of learning in which a neutral stimulus is paired repeatedly with an unconditioned stimulus that naturally elicits an unconditioned response. After repeated pairings, the neutral pairings, the neutral stimulus becomes a conditioned stimulus that elicits a conditioned response
  6. deinstitutionalization
    movement to close mental hospitals and treat people with severe mental disorder in the community
  7. dream analysis
    method involving the recording, description, and interpretation of a patient's dreams
  8. exorcisms
    religiously inspired treatment procedure designed to drive out evil spirits or forces from a "possessed" person
  9. free association
    method from probing the unconscious by having patients talk freely about themselves, their feelings, and their motives
  10. insanity
    legal term for mental disorder, implying lack of responsibility for one's acts and inability to manage one's affairs
  11. lycanthropy
    delusion of being a wolf
  12. mass madness
    historically, widespread occurrence of group behavior disorders that were apparently cases of hysteria
  13. mental hygiene movement
    movement that advocated a method of treatment focused almost exclusively on the physical well-being of hospitalized mental patients
  14. mesmerism
    Theory of "animal magnetism" (hypnosis) formulated by Anton Mesmer
  15. moral management
    wide-ranging method of treatment that focuses on a patient's social, individual, and occupational needs
  16. Nancy School
    group of physicians in nineteenth-century  Europe who accepted the view that hysteria was a sort of self-hypnosis
  17. operant (instrumental) conditioning
    form of learning in which if a particular response is reinforced, it becomes more likely to be repeated on similar occasions
  18. psychoanalysis
    methods Freud used to study and treat patients
  19. psychoanalytic perspective
    theory of psychopathology, initially developed by Freud, that emphasizes the inner dynamics of unconscious motives
  20. Saint Vitus's dance
    name given to the dancing mania (and mass hysteria) that spread from Italy to Germany and the rest of Europe in the Middle Ages
  21. taratism
    dancing mania that occurred in Italy in the 13th century
  22. unconscious
    in psychoanalytic theory, a major portion of the mind, which consists of a hidden mass of instincts, impulses and memories and is not easily available to conscious awareness yet plays an important role in behavior

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