Kate Hindu Flashcards

The flashcards below were created by user Anonymous on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. ahimsa
  2. ascetic
    • [one who is] leading a
    • lifestyle that renounces or rejects comforts
  3. astrology
    • the study of
    • how astral bodies (stars, planets, etc.) impact the lives of

    • humans, and the consequent
    • determination of auspicious/inauspicious times and circumstances for actions
  4. atma
    eternal soul
  5. auspicious/inauspicious
    • favored, favorable,
    • conducive to success [the opposite]
  6. avatar
    • the form in which a deity
    • ‘crosses down’ [ava + tr] to the human realm
  7. bhakti
    • passionate devotion to a
    • god; personal piety
  8. Brahman
    • the abstract Ultimate,
    • especially in the Upanishads
  9. brahmin
    • a person of the highest
    • tier of the caste system; a hereditary priest
  10. caste
    • the in-born
    • status of a person, coded into that person’s last name, based on

    • the patriline s/he is born into; a
    • designation that officially holds ritual purity status, and unofficially often
    • has economic and social implications
  11. dalit
    • a person of the lowest
    • status in the caste system; an ‘untouchable’
  12. darshan
    • ‘sight’: the
    • reciprocal devotional act of seeing and being seen by a god
  13. deva/devia
    a god/godess
  14. dharma
    • the ‘law’,
    • ‘religion’ – the actions one has to do or which are appropriate to

    • one based on one’s
    • specific social status
  15. fruits of action
    • the results of acting in
    • the world, according to karma theory
  16. Ganesh
    • the
    • elephant-headed god who removes obstacles
  17. Ganges (Ganga)
    • the most sacred river in
    • India
  18. guru
    a religious teacher
  19. initiation
    • a special
    • ritual status, usually conferred by a guru onto a student, that will

    • allow the student
    • access to secret and/or transgressive teachings and

  20. karma
    • the constantly-accumulating
    • positive and negative fruits of one’s action
  21. householder
    • a Hindu who
    • lives a conventional life in the world, upholding purity and the

  22. lifecycle rituals
    • the
    • practices, such as first-rice-feeding, that initiate householding Hindus

    • into their full adult
    • positions and responsibilities
  23. moksha
    • release from
    • samsara
  24. patriline
    • the family
    • lineage, inherited father to son, which determines householding

    • Hindus’ social status and to which
    • they owe specific ritual and social responsibilities
  25. pilgrimage
    • a trip to
    • visit a sacred place, such as the Kumbh Mela pilgrimage to the

    Ganges River
  26. polytheism
    • a term for religious
    • systems that recognizes the reality of many gods
  27. prasad
    • a food,
    • especially fruit or sweets, that having been left with an image as an

    • offering are then
    • distributed to devotees seeking darshan
  28. puja
    • the act of
    • worshipping a Hindu god, especially involving the presentation of

    • light, flowers,
    • fruit, water, uncooked rice, colored powder and

    • sometimes involving
    • the distribution of prasad.
  29. purity/impurity
    ceremonial/ritual "clean-ness"

    • the opposite: ritual ‘un-clean-ness’, as from body fluids out of place;
    • note

    • that both purity and
    • impurity can be ‘contagious,’ that is, passed from

    • person to person, object to object,
    • object to person, etc., but that impurity is more highly ‘contagious’ than
    • purity
  30. renunciation
    • the act of
    • ‘renouncing the world’: of rejecting conventional comforts and

    the householder path
  31. renunciate
    • a
    • descriptor for teachings that advocates such a rejection (‘renunciate

    •                                                                         traditions’),
    • or someone who has ‘renounced the world’ (‘a renunciate’)
  32. sadhu
    • a Hindu holy man or woman;
    • a renunciate
  33. samsara
    • the cycle of
    • birth and rebirth, which constantly cycles atmas through the

  34. shakti
    • the
    • abstract, often chaotic, feminine energy in the world, which finds forms

    • in the various
    • goddesses
  35. shastra
    • a systematic
    • text, a ‘philosophy’ or ‘science’ (e.g. dharma-shastra: the

    • systematic explanation of rituals and
    • of right-action in particular circumstances)
  36. Shiva
    • one of the
    • most important male gods, famous for his ascetic practices, his

    • romances, and his duty to destroy the
    • world whenever it needs to be renewed
  37. tantra
    • religious
    • cultivation based on transgressive practices, or a text that

    • advocates a transgressive approach to
    • religious cultivation
  38. transgressive
    • subverting, reversing, or
    • flaunting conventional practices or values
  39. Upanishad
    • a
    • philosophical text devoted to explaining the abstract unity (Brahman)

    • underlying the
    • apparent multiplicity of the world
  40. Veda
    • there are
    • four Vedas, each considered to be revealed truth, handed down in

    • oral form through painstaking
    • memorization processes and recited in ritual contexts
  41. Vishnu
    • one of the
    • most important male gods; the preserver of the world, who

    • sleeps at the bottom
    • of the ocean and sends an avatar to earth

    • whenever his presence
    • is needed
Card Set:
Kate Hindu Flashcards
2013-01-25 21:10:01
Hindu Flashcards

Hindu terms flashcards for Hindu Term Quiz
Show Answers: