HESI A&P Skeletal System

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karla14449
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195311
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HESI A&P Skeletal System
Updated:
2013-01-25 16:19:37
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HESI Skeletal System
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Description:
Skeletal System portion of the HESI exam
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  1. What makes up the body's framework?
    Bone, cartilage, ligaments, and joints.
  2. Functions of the skeletal system:
    • Support
    • Movement
    • Hematopoiesis (Blood formation)
    • Protection of internal organs
    • Detoxification
    • Provision for muscle attachment
    • Mineral storage (Calcium & Phosphorus)
  3. Epiphysis
    Each end of a long bone
  4. The epiphysis is mainly made up of _______
    bone.
    spongy
  5. Diaphysis
     the shaft of the bone
  6. The diaphysis is mainly composed of _______ bone.
    compact
  7. Osteoblast
    Cells that form bone.
  8. Osteocyte
    a fixed osteoblast cell that stops dividing and sits within the lacunae of the bone. 
  9. Axial skeleton consists of __ bones in the skull.
    28
  10. The 28 bones in the skull divide into the __ facial bones and the __ bones of the cranium. 
    • 14
    • 14
  11. Name the 14 Facial bones:
    • 2 Nasal 
    • 2 Maxillary 
    • 2 Zygomatic
    • 1 Mandible
    • 2 Palatine 
    • 1 Vomer
    • 2 Lacrimal 
    • 2 Inferior Nasal Conchae
  12. Name the Cranial bones:
    • 1 Occipital
    • 1 Frontal
    • 1 Ethmoid
    • 1 Sphenoid
    • 1 Parietal
    • 1 Temporal
    • 3 Ear Ossicles (Malleus, Incus, & Stapes)
  13. The axial skeleton also has __ bones of the vertebral column.
    33
  14. Name the vertebral bones:
    • 7 Cervical Vertebrae
    • 12 Thoracic
    • 5 Lumbar
    • 5 fused Sacral vertebrae (forms Sacrum)
    • 1 Coccygeal vertebrae (aka Tailbone)
  15. Name the bones of the Thorax:
    • Sternum
    • 12 pairs of ribs
  16. Appendicular Skeleton is made up of the...
    • Girdles 
    • Limbs
  17. The upper portion of the appendicular skeleton consists of....
    • Pectoral or Shoulder Girdle
    • Clavicle
    • Scapula 
    • Upper extremity (arm)
  18. Name the bones of the arms...
    • Humerus
    • Radius
    • Ulna
    • Carpals (wrist bones)
    • Metacarpals (Bones of hand)
    • Phalanges (Bones of the fingers)
  19. The lower portion of the appendicular skeleton consists of....
    • Pelvic Girdle or Os Coxae
    • Lower Exremities
  20. Name the fused bones of the Os Coxae...
    • Ilium
    • Ischium
    • Pubis
  21. Name the bones of the legs...
    • Femur
    • Tibia
    • Fibula
    • Tarsals (ankle bones)
    • Metatarsals (bones of the foot)
    • Phalanges

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