Devel Psych Exam 1

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scari
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195363
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Devel Psych Exam 1
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2013-01-25 22:37:55
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psychology
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Exam 1
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  1. Behaviorism's fathers were?
    John Watson and B.F. Skinner are the fathers of what?
  2. Social learning is characterized by what?
    Modeling is also known as what?
  3. Who came up with the idea of social learning, modeling, or observational learning?
    Bandura and his Bobo doll showed what kind of learning?
  4. Ethology or imprinting was proposed by who?
    Bowlby proposed that we have behaviors that are learned how?
  5. If you are looking at a behavior's survival power what kind of theory are you using?
    Ethology or imprinting
  6. Vygotsky proposed that beliefs, values, traditions, etc. were passed from one generation to the next. This is called what?
    Socio-cultural theory was proposed by who? What did he propose?
  7. Ecological systems theory was proposed by who?
    Bronfenbrenner proposed what theory?
  8. The idea that development comes from relationships that occur in levels or layers is what theory?
    The Ecological systems theory proposes what about development?
  9. The first layer of the ecological systems theory is what?
    Microsystem or your immediate environment is what layer of the ecological system theory?
  10. The messosytem of the ecological systems theory is what layer?
    The second layer of the ecological systems theory is what?
  11. How your microsystem impacts itself or interactions within itself is called what?
    Describe the messosystem.
  12. The exosystem is what layer of the ecological systems theory?
    The third layer of the ecological systems theory is called what?
  13. All the things that do not involve the developing person directly, but impact them somehow is called what?
    Describe the Exosystem
  14. The macrosystem is what layer of the ecological systems theory? Describe the macrosystem.
    How the culture at large effects the developing person is the fourth and final layer of the ecological systems theory.
  15. How would Rousseau describe children?
    The term "noble savages" was coined by whome?
  16. John Locke would describe children how?
    A blank slate is how this philosopher would describe children.
  17. A continuous rate of development would be described how?
    If a person develops skills and abilities at a relatively uniform pace they would be described as what?
  18. Describe discontinuous rates of development.
    If a person develops at different rates (like a staircase) they would be said to be developing at what kind of a rate?
  19. What are some of the multiple interacting forces on the developing person?
    • Age graded
    • history graded
    • non-normative influences
  20. Wife cuts off the ends of the ham because her mom did, mom did because her mom did, grandma did because her pan wasn't big enough
    Vygotsky's socio-cultural theory
  21. Imprinting of ducks
    Bowlby's ethology theor
  22. Kid sees and adult hit the bobo doll and then he plays by hitting the bobo doll.
    Bandura's Social learning
  23. Development comes from relationships which come in 4 layers.
    Bronfenbrenner's Ecological systems theory
  24. The devil (ID) made me do it
    Freud's Psychoanalytic theory
  25. It's all about reinforcement and punishment
    Watson and Skinner's Behaviorism theory
  26. __________ are directly observable characheristics.
    Phenotypes are what?
  27. What are phenotypes made up of?
    A genotype is what creates the observable characteristics which are called what?
  28. The complex blend of genetic info that determines species and influences all of your unique characteristics.
    Your genotype is what?
  29. Rodlike structures in the nucleus of the cell that store and transmit genetic info are called what?
    What are chromosomes/
  30. What are chromosomes made up of?
    DNA makes what?
  31. How identical is human and Chimp DNA?
    What two species' DNA is 98-99% identical?
  32. What looks like a twisted ladder and is composed of segments called Genes?
    DNA looks like a twisted ladder and is made up of segments called what?
  33. When DNA duplicates itself this is called what?
    Mitosis is what?
  34. Two gametes come together to form what?
    A zygote or new individual is made of what?
  35. How many chromosomes does a normal person have?
    23 pairs or 46 of what does a normal human have?
  36. How are gametes formed?
    Meiosis is the process in which what is formed?
  37. When a sperm and ovum unite at conception what is formed?
    A zygote is formed when what two types of cells combine?
  38. What makes sex cells unique from other cells?
    Sex cells only contain 23 chromosomes
  39. Each form of a gene is called what?
    What is an allele?
  40. How is PKU identified?
    This recessive and rare disorder is discovered through a blood test.
  41. Males are more likely to be affected by X-linked diseases TRUE or FALSE?
    TRUE
  42. Which chromosome is responsible for Down syndrome?
    The 21st chromosome is responsible for what syndrome?
  43. Describe donor insemination (artificial insemination).
    What is the process where male sperm is injected at the top of the cervix?
  44. What is the overall success rate of invitro fertilization?
    35% of zygotes implant and are carried to full term with this type of reproductive technology.
  45. Which type of reproductive technology results in a live birth 70-80% of the time?
    Donor insemination is the most effective reproductive technology.
  46. What risks are there for surrogate motherhood?
    • Attachment issues
    • everyone wants the baby
    • no one wants the baby
    • children the surrogate already has have emotional difficulties
    • prenatal- can't control what the surrogate is ingesting.
    • favors the wealthy and exploits the poor.
  47. What does the term biodirectional influences mean within a family?
    we mutually impact/effect one another directly and indirectly
  48. What three interrelated variables define socioeconomic status (SES)?
    • Income
    • Years of education
    • Prestige of/skill required w/in one's job or career
  49. High SES changes the timing and duration of phases of family life cycle in what way?
    This level of SES causes you to push back phases of family life cycle to a later age.
  50. Those with a low SES tend to what?
    Marry early, have kids early, have more kids are all related to what level of SES?
  51. Eating dinner together as a family is associated with what?
    What simple routine is associated with a reduction in adjustment difficulties for both affluent and low-SES youths?
  52. What two groups are hit hardest by poverty?
    Parents who are under 25, and the Elderly are hit hardest by what?
  53. What five outcomes are poor children more likely to suffer?
    • poor health (lifelong)
    • persistent cognitive defects
    • highschool dropout
    • mental illness (mild to severe)
    • antisocial behavior (crime)
  54. List three values of an independent society
    personal exploration, individual choice, and achievement are all values of what kind of society?
  55. List 3 values of a collectivist society
    Social harmony, responsibility to others, and collaborative endeavors are all values of what kind of society?
  56. What is a heritability estimate?
    a statistic that measures the extent to which intelligence and personality traits in a population are due to genetic factors.

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