Sociology Revision 2

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
195411
Filename:
Sociology Revision 2
Updated:
2013-01-26 06:48:26
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sociology
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Description:
Religion and Social Change
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  1. Religion can be seen as a conservative force in two ways..
    1. ?
    2. ?
    • 1. It upholds traditional beliefs
    • 2. Functions to conserve things as they are
  2. Religion's Conservative functions
    1. ?
    2. ?.
    3. ?
    • 1. Religion and Consensus
    • 2. Religion and Capitalism
    • 3. Religion and Patriarchy
  3. Who said that religion could be a force for change?
    His study was called?
    • Weber
    • The Protestant Ethic and the spirit of Capitalism
  4. Calvinism
    1. Who founded?
    2. When did it emerge?
    3. Weber's point was?
    • 1. John Calvin
    • 2. 16th and 17th centuries
    • 3. Calvinism fuelled the 'spirit of capitalism'
  5. Calvinist Beliefs 
    1. ? def?
    2. ? def?
    3. ? def?
    • 1. Predestination. God has predetermined who is going to heaven. Their deeds cannot change this but they looked for signs by working hard.
    • 2. Divine Transcendence. No one can claim to know God's will, so people didn't know if they were saved or not. Caused salvation panic.
    • 3. Asceticism - refraining from luxury and working hard
  6. Religion and Social Protest
    who?
    two examples of religiously inspired movements..
    • 1. Steve Bruce
    • 2. American Civil Rights Movement
    •     The New Christian Right
  7. American Civil Rights movement
    1. Led by?
    2. Bruce sees religion as a ________ _______. Using the civil rights movement as an example, these are the reasons why religion equipped to support protests.
    1. ?
    2. ?
    3. ?
    4. ? 
    • 1. Martin Luther King
    • ideological resource
    • 1. Taking the moral high ground
    • 2. Channelling dissent
    • 3. Acting as an honest broker
    • 4. Mobilising public opinion
  8. Why have the New Christian Right been Unsuccessful?
    3 reasons.
    • 1. Moral Majority was never a majority - 15% at most.
    • 2. Uncooperative with other religious groups
    • 3. Lack widespread support
  9. Marxism, Religion and Change
    Marxists believe 

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