Unit 3-E Safety and Restraints

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Unit 3-E Safety and Restraints
2013-01-26 13:46:49
Safety Restraints

By Samantha Smith
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  1. Four categories of safety risks in a health care agency
    • 1. Client-inherent accidents (Self inflicted cuts, injuries, and burns; ingestion or injection of foreign substances; self mutilation)
    • 2. Procedure-inherent accidents (Wrong medications, improper techniques; caused by health care provider)
    • 3. Equipment-related accidents (Malfunction, disrepair, or misuse of equipment or from electrical hazard)
    • 4. Falls
  2. Four purposes of restraints
    • 1. To reduce the risk of the client falling out of a bed or chair
    • 2. To prevent interruption of therapy such as IV, traction or catheter
    • 3. To prevent the confused or combative client from removing life support equipment
    • 4. To reduce the risk of injury to others by the client
  3. Guidelines for use of restraints
    • Try alternative methods first
    • Patient must be checked frequently
    • Physicians order must be renewed every 24 hours
  4. Alternative methods to physical restraints
    • Talk to patient - let them know youll return
    • Sitter
    • Relaxation
    • Distraction
    • Removing therapies asap
  5. Nurses three main priorities in a fire
    • Report immediately
    • Protect client
    • Contain
  6. How to prevent electrical hazards
    • Use only grounded equipment (3 prong plug)
    • Check for frayed cords
    • Avoid overloading outlets
    • Never pull a plug out by cord
  7. Avoid electrical shock by:
    • Only use extension cords when necessary
    • Keep electrical items away from water
    • Do not operate unfamiliar equipment
    • Disconnect items before cleaning
  8. R.A.C.E.
    • Rescue
    • Alarm
    • Confine
    • Extinguish