Psych Theories and Theorists

Card Set Information

Author:
Anonymous
ID:
195490
Filename:
Psych Theories and Theorists
Updated:
2013-01-26 14:30:56
Tags:
AP Psychology theories theorists unit
Folders:

Description:
AP Psychology theorists matched with their chapter in the text and their theories Underlined name=neo-freudian *=almost always on AP exam
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Anonymous on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. William James
    • History pf Psychology
    • -Functionalist
    • -Wrote very first Psychology book Principles of Psychological States
  2. Carl Jung
    • Personality
    • -Extroversion/Introversion
    • -Collective Unconscious
    • -Contemporary Freud
  3. Laurence Kohlberg
    • Developmental Psychology
    • -Children develop morality
    • -Six stages of life
    • -Studied only white male children 
  4. Wolfgang Kohler
    • Cognition
    • -Insight happens in the left Temporal lobe
    • -Studied chimps
  5. Alfred Adler
    • Personality
    • -Neo-Freudian
    • -Personality determined by birth order
  6. Mary Ainsworth
    • Developmental Psychology
    • -"Strangeworth"
    • -Emotional attachment
    • -Secure/insecure relationships
    • -Studied children
  7. Solomon Asch
    • Social Psychology
    • -Conformity
    • -Effects of peer pressure and the "line study"
  8. Albert Bandura
    • Observational Learning
    • -Bobo dall experiment
    • -Self-efficiency: feeling self confident when preforming tasks
  9. Aaron Beck
    • Psychological Disorders (Depression)
    • -Created "Beck Inventory" for diagnosing depression.
    • -Cognitive therapy
  10. Carl Rogers
    • Personality
    • -People have the need to "find themselves"
    • -Unconditional Positive Regard
    • -Active Listening in therapy
    • -Disagreed with Skinner
  11. Herman Rorschack
    • Personality
    • -Ink-blot test to analyze one's personality
    • -Not used today
  12. Stanley Schachter
    • Emotion
    • -Two-Factor theory of emotion: emotion involves arousal and cognition together
  13. Martin Seligman
    • Personality (Emotion)
    • -Positive Psychology: talking about what is right with a person to encourage positive thinking
  14. Hans Selye
    • Stress
    • -General Adaptation Syndrome: 1) alarm, 2) resistance, 3) exhaustion 
  15. B.F. Skinner
    • Operant Conditioning
    • -Skinner Box or Opperant Chamber
    • -Rienforcement
  16. Charles Spearman
    • Intelligence
    • -First theorist
    • -Used "line of best fit" to determine General Intelligence (g factor).
  17. George Sperling
    • Memory
    • -Iconic Memory: short, accurate storage of sound
  18. Roger Sperry
    • Bio
    • -Split Brain Syndrome: cutting of the corpus callosum.
    • -Won Nobel Peace Prize 1981
  19. Lewis Terman
    • Intelligence
    • -Stanford-Binet IQ test
    • -Used test to segregate based on IQ
    • -"Bad Guy"
  20. Edward Thorndike
    • Operant Conditioning
    • -Law of Effect: rewarded actions will occur more often.
    • -Puzzle box
    • -Influenced Skinner
  21. Louis Thurstone
    • Intelligence
    • -Seven Primary Mental Abilities: linguistic, logical-mathematical, musical, bodily-kinesthetic, spatial, interpersonal, intrapersonal, naturalist.
    • -Disagreed with Spearman's G factor theory
  22. Edward Tolamn
    • Cognition
    • -Monkeys have thinking abilities, too
  23. John Watson
    • Classical Conditioning
    • -Caused fear in Little Albert
    • -Marketing and Advertising for Maxwell House
  24. Ernst Weber
    • Perception
    • -Just Noticeable Difference (JND): when we notice a level of change 50% of the time and miss it 50% of the time.
    • -Notice difference by % not an amount
  25. David Wechsler
    • Intelligence
    • -Created WAIS intelligence scale for adults.
    • -Created WISC intelligence scale for children.
    • -Still used today
  26. Carl Wernicke
    • Bio
    • -Wernicke's Area: part of left temporal lobe and helps us understand language.
  27. Benjamin Whorf
    • Language
    • -Linguistic Determinism: we can only express thoughts and ideas if we have the words to do so.
    • -Think in language, expand language = expand thinking.
  28. Joseph Wolpe
    • Therapy
    • -Systematic Desensitization: help overcome anxiety and phobias
  29. Wilhelm Wundt*
    • History of Psychology
    • -"Father of Psychology"
    • -Structuralist
    • -Introspection
    • -"How does the brain work?"
  30. Pillipe Zimbardo
    • Social Psychology
    • -Stanford Prison Experiment
    • -Power of role playing
  31. Alfred Binet
    • Intelligence
    • -Binet-Siamon intelligence scale
    • -Children develop mental abilities
  32. Paul Broca
    • Bio
    • -Broca's Area: found in left frontal lobe and responsible for motor cortex that controls speech.
  33. Walter Cannon
    • Motivation
    • -developed term "homeostasis"
  34. Raymond Cattell
    • Personality
    • -Developed 16 personality traits
    • -Derived from Allport's traits
  35. Dorothea Dix
    • Psychological Disorders
    • -Activist
    • -Helped reform insane asylums and treatment of mental patients
  36. Herman Ebbinghaus*
    • Memory
    • -Nonsense syllables and memory
    • -Forgetting curve
  37. Jane Elliott
    • Social Psychology
    • -Blue eyes/Brown eyes
  38. Albert Ellis
    • Therapy/Cognition
    • -Negative thinking can stabilize depression
    • -Challenge and change thinking to pull patients out of depression
  39. Erick Erikson
    • Personality/Development
    • -8 "crises" of life from birth to death
    • -Neo-freudian
  40. Gustav Fechner
    • Perception
    • -Absolute Threshold: the minimum amount of stimulation I will notice
    • -Difference Threshold: the minimum about of change in a stimulus I will notice
  41. Sigmund Freud*
    • Memory/Personality (Consciousness)
    • -Psychoanalytic
    • -Unconscious desires of sex and aggression
    • -Dreams
    • -Repression
    • -Not used today
    • -Defense mechanisms
  42. Franz Gall
    • Bio
    • -Frenology: studying bumps anf grooves on skull to learn about person's brain.
    • -Not used today
  43. John Garcia
    • Classical Conditioning
    • -Taste aversion
    • -Experiment with Coyotes and sheep.
  44. Harry Halow
    • Developmental Psychology
    • -Studied motivation in monkey
    • -Affection and attachment with baby monkeys and robot monkey moms
  45. Karen Horney
    • Personality
    • -Opposed Freud's theory of penis-envy
    • -Believed women were upset, not because they had a uterus, but because men wer oppressive.
    • -Believed Freud should study love
  46. Clark Hull
    • Motivation
    • -Drive Reduction Theory: the urge to reduce tension in our environment
  47. Herman von Helmholdtz
    • Sensation
    • -Young-Helmholdtz tri-chromatic color theory: three types of cones in the eye, blue, green and red.
  48. Elisabeth Kübler-Ross
    • Development
    • -Five Stages of Grief: 1) denial, 2) Anger, 3) Bargaining, 4) Depression, 5) Acceptance
  49. Carl Lang
    • Emotion
    • -James-Lang Theory of Emotion: arousal leads to emotion.
    • -Does not take into account cognition
  50. Kurt Lewis
    • Social Psychology
    • -Created Social Psych field
  51. Elizabeth Loftus*
    • Memory
    • -False memory
    • -Distortion
    • -Confabulation
  52. Konrad Lorenz
    • Learning
    • -Aggression and imprinting in animals
  53. Abraham Maslow
    • Motivation
    • -Hierarchy of Needs: one bust satisfy more basic needs before they can work on satisfying more complex ones.
    • -Self Actualization: living up to ones fullest potential
  54. Franz Anton Mesmer
    • States of Consciousness
    • -Hypnotism or Mesmerism
    • -Animal Magnetism
    • -Idea of another state of consciousness
  55. Stanley Milgram
    • Social Psychology
    • -"Teacher Shocking Students" experiment to study influence of authority
  56. George Miller
    • Memory
    • -Short term memory holds  2 units
  57. Ivan Pavlov
    • Classical Conditioning
    • -Studied salivation in dogs
    • -Pairing on neutral stimulus with conditioned stimulus to get a conditioned response
  58. Philippe Pinel
    • Psychological Disorders
    • -Helped reform insane asylums in France
  59. Robert Plutchik
    • Emotion
    • -Color wheel of Emotion
    • -8 primary emotions: Anger, Anticipation, Joy, Trust, Fear, Surprise, SadnessDisgust

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview