A&P Final Review: Muscular Nomenclature & Kinesiology

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A&P Final Review: Muscular Nomenclature & Kinesiology
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2013-01-26 16:35:42
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Muscular Nomenclature Kinesiology Review
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A&P Final Review: Muscular Nomenclature & Kinesiology
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  1. The cytoplasm of a muscle cell is the ___.

    A. Myosin
    B. Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
    C. Sarcomere
    D. Sarcoplasm
    E. Sarcolemma
    F. Actin
    D. Sarcoplasm
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. ___  can be referred to as the “thick Filament”.

    A. Sarcomere
    B. Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
    C. Actin
    D. Sarcolemma
    E. Myosin
    F. Sarcoplasm
    E. Myosin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. A ___ contains repeating patterns of actin and myosin, which forms the characteristic striated appearance of skeletal muscle.

    A. Sarcomere
    B. Sarcolemma
    C. Sarcoplasm
    D. Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
    E. Myosin
    F. Actin
    A. Sarcomere
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. The ___ is a muscle cell’s plasma membrane.

    A. Sarcoplasm
    B. Sarcomere
    C. Sarcolemma
    D. Actin
    E. Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
    F. Myosin
    C. Sarcolemma
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. The ___ activity transport and stores calcium ions in a muscle fiber.

    A. Sarcolemma
    B. Sarcoplasm
    C. Actin
    D. Sarcomere
    E. Myosin
    F. Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
    F. Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. ___ can be referred to as a “thin filament”.

    A. Actin
    B. Sarcolemma
    C. Myosin
    D. Sarcomere
    E. Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
    F. Sarcoplasm
    A. Actin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. True or False
    Smooth muscle and cardiac muscle are under voluntary control
    False
  8. True or False
    Calcium ions bind to tropomyosin
    False
  9. True or False
    Myosin tails form cross bridges with actin
    False
  10. True or False
    Muscle myofibrils contain actin and myosin
    True
  11. True or False
    Z bands are the end of sarcomeres
    True
  12. True or False
    A musculotendinous junction is the meaty part of the muscle
    False
  13. True or False
    The Prime Mover is the muscle that does most of the action
    True
  14. True or False
    Circular shaped muscles form the sphincter muscle arounds orifices
    True
  15. True or False
    1st degree sprains are easily palpated
    False
  16. Rigor mortis occurs after death because
    A. myoglobin ceases to function
    B. cross-bridges can’t form
    C. cross-bridges form can’t release
    D. myosin levels decline at death
    C. cross-bridges form can’t release
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. ATP is required
    A. to provide energy for movement of myosin heads during cross bridge formation
    B. to detach myosin from actin after a power stroke
    C. for muscle contraction to occur
    D. All of the above
    D. All of the above
  18. Synaptic vesicles of motor neurons contain ___ to stimulate a muscle fiber
    A. Acetylcholinesterace (ACHE)
    B. Acetylcholine (ACh)
    C. ATP
    D. Calcium
    B. Acetylcholine (ACh)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Which of the following is true regarding the sliding filament theory?
    A. actin and myosin change length during contraction
    B. Myosin heads act as cross-bridges between actin and myosin filaments
    C. Z-lines move further apart from one another
    D. the sarcomeres lengthen
    B. Myosin heads act as cross-bridges between actin and myosin filaments
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Which of the following is a characteristic of muscle?
    A. may be stimulated by nerves or hormones
    B. ability to be stretched, then return back to it’s normal length
    C. ability to shorten
    D. all of the above
    D. all of the above
  21. Which of the following contractions describes a muscle that does not change length
    A. Eccentric
    B. Isometric
    C. Isotonic
    D. Concentric
    B. Isometric
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. A muscle that contact rapidly, has low endurance and white appearance is
    A. a fast twitch B fiber
    B. a slow twitch fiber
    C. a fast twitch A fiber
    D. a atrophied muscle
    A. a fast twitch B fiber
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. This Substance covers the active binding sites along actin in a relaxed muscle
    A. Troponin
    B. Calcium
    C. Sodium
    D. Tropomyosin
    D. Tropomyosin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Calcium ions bond with this substance to begin the sliding filament model
    A. Tropomyosin
    B. Sodium
    C. Potassium
    D. Troponin
    D. Troponin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. The space that separates the neurons from the muscle cell is called
    A. Nerve impulse
    B. Synaptic cleft
    C. cleft palate
    D. Motor neuron
    B. Synaptic cleft
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. There are ___ muscles in the human body
    A. 900
    B. 400
    C. 100
    D. 700
    D. 700
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. This is the "anchor" end of the muscle and is also called the "head".
    A. Insertion
    B. Prime Mover
    C. Origin
    D. Antagonist
    C. Origin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. This muscle is named for it's jagged appearance, and protracts the scapula
    A. Trapezius
    B. Serratus Anterior
    C. Latissimus Dorsi
    D. Teres Major
    B. Serratus Anterior
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. This muscle originates on the transverse process of C1-C4, and is responsible for elevating the scapula
    A. Trapezius
    B. Pectoralis Major
    C. Rhomboid Minor
    D. Levator Scapula
    D. Levator Scapula
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. This muscle is a synergist to the Latissimus Dorsi, and inserts on the bicipital groove of the humerus.
    A. Rhomboid Minor
    B. Rhomboid Major
    C. Teres Minor
    D. Teres Major
    C. Teres Minor
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. This muscle originates in a fossa on the anterior surface of the scapula, and inserts on the lesser tubercle of the humerus.
    A. Infraspinatus
    B. Subscapularis
    C. Supraspinatus
    D. Erector Spinae
    B. Subscapularis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. This muscle originates on Ribs 3-5, and can mimic heart paine when it compresses on the brachial plexis
    A. Pectoralis Minor
    B. Rhomboid Major
    C. Rhomboid Minor
    D. Pectoralis Major
    A. Pectoralis Minor
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. This muscle is the widest, broadest muscle in the back and creates the "v" shape in the bodybuilders. It is responsible for extending, medial rotation and addiction of the shoulder.
    A. Latissimus Dorsi
    B. Levator Scapulae
    C. Teres Major
    D. Supraspinatus
    A. Latissimus Dorsi
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. What is the attachment of a muscle that is most moveable known as?
    A. Origin
    B. Indirect attachment
    C. Direct fleshy attachment
    D. Insertion
    D. Insertion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. The trapezius muscle originates on superior nuchal line, nuchal ligament, spinous process of C7-T12, and ___
    A. External Occipital Protuberance
    B. Acromion Process
    C. Clavicle
    D. Medial border of the Scapula
    A. External Occipital Protuberance
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. These muscles are responsible for retracting the scapula
    A. Rhomboids Minor & Major
    B. Pectoralis Minor & Major
    C. Teres Minor and Major
    D. None of the Above
    A. Rhomboids Minor & Major
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. This muscle is located above the spine of the scapula, and abducts the sholder
    A. Infraspinatus
    B. Teres Minor
    C. Subscapularis
    D. Supraspinatus
    D. Supraspinatus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Muscles are named based on
    A. Size
    B. Action
    C. Location
    D. All of the above
    D. All of the above
  39. This muscle is located in a fossa below the spine of the scapula
    A. Supraspinatus
    B. Teres Minor
    C. Infraspinatus
    D. Subscapularis
    C. Infraspinatus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. What is the only muscle located on the posterior surface of the arm, and is responsible for extension?
    A. Brachialis
    B. Biceps Brachii
    C. Coracobrachialis
    D. Triceps Brachii
    D. Triceps Brachii
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. The muscle originates at the lateral supracondylar ridge of the humerus and inserts on the styloid process of the radius.
    A. Biceps Brachii
    B. Brachioradialis
    C. Deltoid
    D. Pectoralis Major
    B. Brachioradialis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. This muscle is triangular shaped, and has an anterior, middle and posterior fiber layout.
    A. Triceps Brachii
    B. Brachialis
    C. Biceps Brachii
    D. Deltoid
    D. Deltoid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. This muscle originates on the clavicle, sternal body and ribs 1-8, and it inserts on the bicipital groove of the humerus.
    A. Brachioradialis
    B. Deltoid
    C. Brachialis
    D. Pectoralis Major
    D. Pectoralis Major
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. This muscle is the prime mover in flexion, and gives "bulk" to the arm
    A. Brachialis
    B. Triceps Brachii
    C. Deltoid
    C. Coracobrachialis
    A. Brachialis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. This muscle is also known as the "armpit muscle" and is responsible for flextion and adduction of the arm.
    A. Triceps Brachii
    B. Brachioradialis
    C. Biceps Brachii
    D. Coracobrachialis
    D. Coracobrachialis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. Actions of this muscle include medial rotation of the sholder, flexion and adduction of the shoulder
    A. Deltoid
    B. Coracobrachialis
    C. Biceps Brachii
    D. Pectoralis Major
    D. Pectoralis Major
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. Which muscle serves as an antagonist to inself?
    A. Pectoralis Major
    B. Biceps Brachii
    C. Brachioradialis
    D. Deltoid
    D. Deltoid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. This muscle is located on the lateral side of the elbow and helps you to "carry the soup".
    A. Supinator
    B. Palmaris Longus
    C. Pronator Teres
    D. Flexor Carpi Radialis
    A. Supinator
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. This muscle is missing in 10% of the population, and is responsible for flexion of the wrist and elbow.
    A. Supinator
    B. Palmaris Longus
    C. Flexor Carpi Ulnaris
    D. Pronator Quadratus
    B. Palmaris Longus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. This muscle round shape, and is located just below the elbow on the anterior surface of the forearm
    A. Flexor Carpi Ulnaris
    B. Supinator
    C. Pronator Teres
    D. Flexor Carpi Radialis
    C. Pronator Teres
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. This muscles originates on the distal 1/8th of the ulnar shaft, and inserts on the distal 1/8th of the radial shaft. It is 4 sided, and on the anterior surface of the forearm.
    A. Supinator
    B. Palmaris Longus
    C. Flexor Carpi Ulnaris
    D. Pronator Quadratus
    D. Pronator Quadratus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. This muscle is responsible for flexion and abduction of the wrist, and is located on the anterior, lateral surface of the forearm
    A. Flexor Carpi Radialis
    B. Supinator
    C. Palmaris Longus
    D. Pronatior Quadratus
    A. Flexor Carpi Radialis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. This muscle originates on the medial epicondyle proximal radial shaft, and inserts on the middle phalanges of fingers 2-5. It flexes the fingers.
    A. Flexor Carpi Ulnaris
    B. Flexor Carpi Radialis
    C. Flexor Digitorum Superficialis
    D. Palmaris Longus
    C. Flexor Digitorum Superficialis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. Flexor Carpi Ulnaris  lies on the anterior, medial surface of the forearm. It originates on the medial epicondyle of the humerus, and inserts on the basr of metacarpal 5, and hamate and pisiform carpal bones. What is it's function?
    A. Flexion & abduction of the wrist
    B. Flexion & adduction of the wrist
    C. Extension of the wrist
    D. Flexion of the fingers
    B. Flexion & adduction of the wrist
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. This muscle allows you to turn your palms downward
    A. Pronator Teres
    B. Palmaris Longus
    C. Supinator
    D. Flexion Carpi Ulnaris
    A. Pronator Teres
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  56. This muscles isreponsible for exension of the forearm
    A.Extensor Digiti Minimi
    B. Extensor Lndicis
    C. Extensor Pollicis Longus
    D. Entensor Digitorum
    B. Extensor Lndicis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  57. This padded area is located on the lower anterior portion of the palm, on the radial aspect
    A. Anatomical Snuffbox
    B. Hypothenar Eminence
    C. Carpal Tunnel
    D. Thenar Eminenc
    D. Thenar Eminenc
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  58. This muscle allows the thumb to touch the tips of all other fingers on the same hand
    A. Opponens Pollicis
    B. Flexor Pollicis Brevis
    C. Extensor Pollicis Longus
    D. Extensor Indicis
    A. Opponens Pollicis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  59. This muscle's name means "to extend wrist at elbow".
    A. Flexor Carpi radialis
    B. Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus
    C. Extensor Carpi Ulnaris
    D. Flexor Carpi Ulnaris
    C. Extensor Carpi Ulnaris
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  60. What structure is formed by the wrist bones and the flexot retinaculum?
    A. Carpal tunnel
    B. Thenar Eminence
    C. Anatomical Snuffbox
    D. Hypo Eminence
    A. Carpal tunnel
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  61. This muscle originates on the lateral epicondyle of the humerus , and inserts on the middle phalanges of the fingers 2-5.
    A. Opponens Pollicis
    B. Extensor Digitorum
    C. Flexor Pollicis Longus
    D. Extensor Indicis
    B. Extensor Digitorum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  62. This muscle lies on the anterior, medial portion of the forearm and is deep to other muscles.
    A. Extensor Digitorum
    B. Flexor Digitorum Profundus
    C. Flexor Digitorum Superficialis
    D. Extensor Indicis
    B. Flexor Digitorum Profundus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  63. This structure is a depression located on the posterior radial surface of the hand.
    A. Hypothenar Eminence
    B. Carpal tunnel
    C. Anatomical Snuffbox
    D. Thenar Eminence
    C. Anatomical Snuffbox
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  64. This muscle allows you to drink tea like a lady (or be like Austin Powers).
    A. Opponens Pollicis
    B. Extensor Digitorum
    C. Extensor Indicis
    D. Extensor Digit Minimi
    D. Extensor Digit Minimi
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  65. These muscles allow for extension and abductions of the wrist.
    A. Extenor Carpi Radialis Longus/Brevis
    B. Extensor Digitorum
    C. Extensor Pollicis Longus /Brevis
    D. Extensor Carpi Ulnaris
    A. Extenor Carpi Radialis Longus/Brevis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  66. These muscles cause flexion of the thumb
    A. Flexor Carpi Radialis
    B. Extensor Pollicis Longus/Brevis
    C. Flexor Pollicis Longus/Brevis
    D. Flexor Digitorum Profundus
    C. Flexor Pollicis Longus/Brevis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  67. When the muscles is inflamed, it can cause "tennis elbow".
    A. Extensor Carpi radialis Brevis
    B. Extensor Digitorum
    C. Extensor Pollicis Longus
    D. Extensor Carpi Ulnaris
    A. Extensor Carpi radialis Brevis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  68. The flexor tendons all pass through this structure
    A. Thenar Eminence
    B. Hypothenar Eminence
    C. Carpal tunnel
    D. Anatomical Snuffbox
    C. Carpal tunnel
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  69. This muscle originates on the lateral epicondyle of the humerus, and inserts on the proximal phalanx of finger 5.
    A. Extensor Indicis
    B. Extensor Digiti Minimi
    C. Opponens Pollicis
    D. Extensor pollicis Longus
    B. Extensor Digiti Minimi
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  70. This muscle is the largest in the group and is a powerful hip extensor.
    A. Gluteus Maximus
    B. Gemellus Superior
    C. Gluteus Minimus
    D. Obturator Internus
    A. Gluteus Maximus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  71. This fused muscles is located deep on the anterior aspects of the toros, and is commonly known as "tenderloin"  in cattle.
    A. Piriformis
    B. Quadratus Femoris
    C. Iliopsoas
    D. Obturator Externus
    C. Iliopsoas
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  72. This muscle's names means "straight on the femur."
    A. Rectus Femoris
    B. Gemellus Superior
    C. Vastus Medialis
    D. Tensor Fascia Lata
    A. Rectus Femoris
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  73. This muscle is located on the anterior lateral portion of the thigh, and is responsible for knee extension.
    A. Vastus Medialis
    B. Vastus Lateralis
    C. Tensor Fascia latB
    D. Rectus Femoris
    B. Vastus Lateralis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  74. This muscles is the prime mover of lateral hip rotation and often entraps the sciatic nerve
    A. Gemellus Inferior
    B. Quadratus Femer
    C. Piriformis 
    D. Lliacus
    C. Piriformis 
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  75. This muscle originates on the superior gluteal line of the ilium, and inserts on the greter trochanter, and is known as the "shot in the butt" muscles.
    A. Glutes Medius
    B. Glutesus Maximus
    C. Gemellus Superior
    D. Glutes Minimus
    A. Glutes Medius
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  76. Which muscle are known as the "deep six"?
    A. The lateral hip rotators
    B. The quadriceps femoris group
    C. The iliopsoas
    D. The gluteal group
    A. The lateral hip rotators
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  77. The muscles originates on the ASIS and the iliac crest, and inserts on the IT Band
    A. Tensor Fascia Lata
    B. Rectus Femoris
    C. Vastus Medialis
    D. Vastus Lateralis
    A. Tensor Fascia Lata
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  78. This muscles is "four sided" and is a lateral hip rotator.
    A. Gemellus Inferior
    B. Obturator Externus
    C. Piriformis
    D. Quadratus femoris
    D. Quadratus femoris
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  79. This muscle lies directly beneath the Rectus Femoris (A)
    A. Vastus Medialis
    B. Vastus Lateralis
    C. Tensor Fascia Lata
    D. Vastus Intermedius
    D. Vastus Intermedius
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  80. This muscle is the smallest of the group, and cannot be easily palpated.
    A. Glutes Minimus
    B. Glutes Medius
    C. Gluteus Maximus
    D. Rectus Femor
    A. Glutes Minimus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  81. This muscle is a synergist to Gluteus Maximus in tightening the IT Band.
    A. Gluteus Medius
    B. Tensor Fascia Lata
    C. Piriformis
    D. Gluteus Minimus
    B. Tensor Fascia Lata
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  82. This muscle name means "lower twin"
    A. Gemellus Inferior
    B. gemellus Superior
    C. Obturator Externus
    D. Obturator Internus
    A. Gemellus Inferior
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  83. This group of muscles is responsible for hip extension and knee flexion
    A. Adductors
    B. Hamstrings
    C. Glutes
    D. Quads
    B. Hamstrings
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  84. This muscle is the shortest of the adductors, and originates on the superior pubic ramus while inserting on the linea aspera near the lesser trochanter.
    A. Adductor Brevis
    B. Gracilis
    C. Adductor Longus
    D. Pectineus
    D. Pectineus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  85. The adductor magnus contains ________ through which the femoral artery and vein pass.
    A. Black Hole
    B. Adductor Hiatus
    C. Foramen Magnus
    D. Obturator Foramen
    B. Adductor Hiatus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  86. This muscle is the most medial of the hamstring group
    A. Sartorius
    B. Semimembranosus
    C. Biceps Femoris
    D. Semitendinosus
    B. Semimembranosus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  87. This muscle is the longest in the body and is called the “tailor muscle.”
    A. Semitendinosus
    B. Gracilia
    C. Femoral Triangle
    D. Sartorius
    D. Sartorius
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  88. The endangerment sites located on the anterior medial thigh is called
    A. Anterior Triangle
    B. Axillary Region
    C. Popliteal Region
    D. Femoral Triangle
    D. Femoral Triangle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  89. This muscle name means “slender” and it crosses both the hip and the knee
    A. Gracilis
    B. Sartorius
    C. Biceps Femoris
    D. Pectineus
    A. Gracilis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  90. This muscle lies deep to the hamstrings and is the largest of the adductors
    A. Adductor Longus
    B. Adductor Magnus
    C. Pectineus
    D. Gracilis
    B. Adductor Magnus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  91. All adductors except for Gracilis insert on this landmark of the femur
    A. Greater Trochanter
    B. Linea Aspera
    C. Adductor Tubercle
    D. Lesser Trochanter
    B. Linea Aspera
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  92. This muscle is the most lateral of the hamstring group, and inserts on the fibular head.
    A. Semimembranosus
    B. Semitendinosus
    C. Sartorius
    D. Bicep Feboris
    D. Bicep Feboris
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  93. The semitendinosus attaches at the bony landmark sometimes referred to as the “goose foot” on the tibia.
    A. Greater Trochanter
    B. Tibial Turberosity
    C. Pes Anserinus
    D. Linea Aspera
    C. Pes Anserinus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  94. This muscle lies mostly anteriorly of the adductor group
    A. Adductor Longus
    B. Pectineus
    C. Gracilis
    D. Adductor Magnus
    A. Adductor Longus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  95. All the muscles in this group are responsible for dorsiflexion of the ankle
    A. Hamstrings
    B. Lateral compartment
    C. Anterior compartment
    D. Posterior compartment
    C. Anterior compartment
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  96. The muscle originates in the anterior shaft, and inserts on the distal phalanx of the big toe
    A. Flexor Pollicis Longus
    B. Extensor Hallucis Longus
    C. Extensor Digitorum Longus
    D. Extensor Pollicis Longus
    B. Extensor Hallucis Longus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  97. The name of this muscle means “stomach of the knee”...
    A. Soleus
    B. Peroneus
    C. Gastrocnemius
    D. Plantaris
    D. Plantaris
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  98. This muscle has a short muscle belly, but the largest tendon in the body
    A. Plantaris
    B. Gastrocnemius
    C. Coleus
    D. Tibialis Anterior
    A. Plantaris
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  99. This muscle is located just laterally to the tibia or shin bone
    A. Peroneus Longus
    B. Tibialis Anterior
    C. Extensor Digitorum Longus
    D. Extensor Hallucis Longus
    B. Tibialis Anterior
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  100. This muscle is known as the “2nd heart” because it is responsible for returning blood back to the heart from the lower body
    A. Peroneus Longus
    B. Plantaris
    C. Gastrocnemius
    D. Soleus
    D. Soleus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  101. This posterior compartment muscle causes plantar flexion of the ankle, and flexion of the knee, but cannot do both at the same time.
    A. Gastrocnemius
    B. Tibialis Posterior
    C. Plantaris
    D. Soleus
    A. Gastrocnemius
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  102. The “triceps surae” muscle; gastrocnemius, soleus and plantaris all merge to form
    A. Interosseous Membrane
    B. Patellar Tenden
    C. Achilles (Calcaneal) Tendon
    D. Extensor Retinaculum
    C. Achilles (Calcaneal) Tendon
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  103. This muscle is also known as “fibularis longus”.
    A. Extensor Digitorum Longus
    B. Extensor Hallucis Longus
    C. Flexor Hallucis Longus
    D. Peroneus Longus
    D. Peroneus Longus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  104. These compartment muscle are responsible for eversion of the foot, and plantar flexion of the ankle. They will commonly cause trigger points for people who are on their feet for long periods of time.
    A. Posterior compartments
    B. Anterior compartments
    C. Lateral compartments
    D. None of the above
    C. Lateral compartments
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  105. This muscle originates on the lateral epicondyle on the femur, and inserts on the calcaneus via the Achilles tendon. It is known as the “mini gastric”.
    A. Popliteus
    B. Peroneus Longus
    C. Plantaris
    D. Soleus
    C. Plantaris
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  106. This muscle lies deep to the gastrocnemius, but is it’s medial and lateral fibers are palpable
    A. Popliteus
    B. Soleus
    C. Plantaris
    D. Peroneus Longus
    B. Soleus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  107. The largest compartment in the lower legs consists of 7 muscles. It is located?
    A. Laterally
    B. Posteriorly
    C. Medially
    D. Anteriorly
    B. Posteriorly
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  108. This lateral compartment muscle originates on the lateral distal 2/3rd of the fibular shaft and inserts on the base metatarsal #5
    A. Peroneus Brevis
    B. Tibialis Anterior
    C. Extensor Hallucis Longus
    D. Peroneus Longus
    A. Peroneus Brevis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  109. This muscle is known as the “dancer muscles” because of the “toe” position of ballerinas
    A. Plantaris
    B. Gastrocnemius
    C. Soleus
    D. Peroneus Brevis
    B. Gastrocnemius
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  110. These two muscles are known as “stirrup muscles”.
    A. Gastrocnemius & Soleus
    B. Peroneus Longus & Tibialis Anterior
    C. Peroneus Longus & Brevis
    D. Gastrocnemius & Plantaris
    B. Peroneus Longus & Tibialis Anterior
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  111. This muscle lies in the forehead and if frequently rubbed when a person is tense
    A. Orbicularis Oris
    B. Buccinator
    C. Occipitalis
    D. Frontalis
    D. Frontalis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  112. Pound for pound, this muscle is the strongest muscles in the body
    A. Platysma
    B. Temporalis
    C. Masseter
    D. Occipitalis
    C. Masseter
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  113. This muscle originates on the sternum and clavicle, and inserts on the mastoid process.
    A. Scalene Anterior
    B. temporalis
    C. Lateral Pterygoid
    D. Sternocleidomastoid (SCM)
    D. Sternocleidomastoid (SCM)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  114. This muscle originates on the posterior fibular shaft, and insets on the plantar surface of the distal phalanx of the great toe.
    A. Popliteus
    B. Tibialis Posterior
    C. Flexor Hallucis Longus
    D. Flexor Digitorum Longus
    C. Flexor Hallucis Longus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  115. This small muscle is named for an endangerment site on the back of the knee.
    A. Soleus
    B. Tibialis Posterior
    C. Popliteus
    D. Plantaris
    C. Popliteus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  116. This muscle is known as the kissing muscle
    A. Orbicularis Oris
    B. Buccinator
    C. Zygomaticus Major
    D. Masseter
    A. Orbicularis Oris
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  117. This group of three muscles can serve as a neurovascular entrapper due to their close location with the external jugular vein and carotid artery.
    A. The Suboccipitals
    B. The Scalense
    C. Occipitofrontalis
    D. The Pterygoids
    B. The Scalense
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  118. This is the most superficial muscle in the anterior neck and creates the "pout"
    A. Buccinator
    B. Platysma
    C. Masseter
    D. Temporalis
    B. Platysma
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  119. Zygomaticus Major & Minor are known as the ______ muscel
    A. Blowing
    B. Smiling
    C. Blinking
    D. Kissing
    B. Smiling
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  120. This muscle originates on the temporal fossa, and inserts on the coranoid process of the mandible... it elevate the mandible
    A. Buccinator
    B. Platysma
    C. Masseter
    D. Temporalis
    D. Temporalis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  121. This muscle means "behind the tibia".
    A. Tibialis Posterior
    B. Flexor Digitorum Longus
    C. Plantaris
    D. Fibularis
    A. Tibialis Posterior
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  122. This muscle originates on the posterior tibial shaft, and inserts on the plantar surface of the distal phalanges # 2-5
    A. Flexor Hallucis Longus
    B. Extensor Digitorum Longus
    C. Flexor Digitorum Longus
    D. Tibialis Posterior
    C. Flexor Digitorum Longus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  123. This muscle is locate on the bump at the base of the skull
    A. Masseter
    B. Temporalis
    C. Occipitalis
    D. Frontalis
    C. Occipitalis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  124. These two circular muscles surround the eyes and mouth.
    A. Zygomaticus Major & Minor
    B. Medial & Lateral Pterygoids
    C. Obliques Capitus Superior & Inferior
    D. Orbicularis Oris & Oculi
    D. Orbicularis Oris & Oculi
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  125. These two anterior neck muscles are responsible for maintaining the anterior curve of the cervical spine
    A. Spenius Capitis & Cervicis
    B. Medial & Lateral Pterygoids
    C. Rectus Capitis Posterior Major & Minor
    D. Longus Capitus & Longus Colli
    D. Longus Capitus & Longus Colli
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  126. These muscles are responsible for lifting ribs 1 & 2 during inhalation.
    A. Pterygoids
    B. Scalens
    C. Sternocleidomastoid
    D. Suboccipitals
    B. Scalens
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  127. these muscles the "bandages" muscles and responsible for rotating and flexing the neck, and extending the head
    A. Scalenes
    B. Splenius Capitis & Cervicis
    C. Suboccipitals
    D. Lateral & Medial Pterygoids
    B. Splenius Capitis & Cervicis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  128. This is the only muscle that moves the head but does not attach to any vertebrae
    A. Sternocleidomastoid
    B. Buccinator
    C. Masseter
    D. Splenius Capitis
    A. Sternocleidomastoid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  129. These small muscles, located deep to the masseter, are responsible for lateral mandibular movement, and protraction of the mandible
    A. Splenius Capitis & Cervicis
    B. Medial & Lateral Pterygoids
    C. Temporalis
    D. Buccinator
    B. Medial & Lateral Pterygoids
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  130. This muscle group is responsible for keeping the spine upright
    A. Scalenes
    B. Rhomboids
    C. Erector Spinae
    D. Transversospinalis
    C. Erector Spinae
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  131. This muscle may appear to be low back muscle, but is actually the deepest of the abdominal group
    A. Internal Oblique
    B. Rectus Abdominis
    C. Transverse Abdominis
    D. Quadratus Lumborum
    D. Quadratus Lumborum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  132. This is  the only muscle in the body that inserts entirely on itself (D)
    A. Iliocostalis
    B. Diaphragm
    C. External Intercostal
    D. Internal Intercostal
    B. Diaphragm
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  133. This muscle name means "many split" (C)
    A. Rotators
    B. Multifidus
    C. Semispinalis
    D. Longissimus
    B. Multifidus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  134. This muscles originates on the pubic symphysis & tubercle, and inserts on ribs 5-7 and the Xiphoid process
    A. Internal Oblique
    B. Rectus Abdominis
    C. Transverse Abdominis
    D. External Oblique
    B. Rectus Abdominis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  135. This muscle acts as a "griddle" or "back belt' in the abdominal group by holding in the internal organs
    A. Transverse Abdominis
    B. Internal Oblique
    C. External Oblique
    D. Rectus Abdominis
    A. Transverse Abdominis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  136. These muscles originate on the transverse process (C2-L5) and insert on the spinous process on the vertebrae 1-2 segments above (C)
    A. Semispinalis
    B. Multifidus
    C. Rotatores
    D. Longissimus
    B. Multifidus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  137. This muscle depresses the ribs during exhalation
    A.  External Intercostals
    B. Diaphragm
    C. Serratus Posterior Inferior
    D. Serratus Posterior Superior
    C. Serratus Posterior Inferior
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  138. This muscle originates posterior iliac crest & sacrum and Ribs 1-12 (Posterior), and inserts on Ribs 1-12 (posterior and transverse process C4-C6.
    A. Longissimus
    B. Spinalis
    C. Semispinalis
    D. Iliocostalis
    D. Iliocostalis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  139. This muscle is known as the hip hiker muscle and is common cause of lower back pain when tense?
    A. Longissimus
    B. Semispinalis
    C. External Obliques
    D. Quadratus Lumborum
    D. Quadratus Lumborum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  140. Contraction of the diaphragm results in
    A. Exhalation
    B. Semispinalis
    C. Longissimus
    D. Inhalation
    D. Inhalation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  141. This muscle runs only in the cervical and thoracic region of the spine
    A. Iliocostalsis
    B. Spinalis
    C. Semispinalis
    D. Longissimus
    C. Semispinalis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  142. This muscle is the most medial of the erector spinae group
    A. Iliocostal
    B. Multifidus
    C. Longissimus
    D. Spinalis
    D. Spinalis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  143. The _______ is a depression located on either side of the spine (C)
    A. thoracolumbar Fascia
    B. Lamina grove
    C. Inguinal Ligament
    D. Linea Alba
    B. Lamina grove
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  144. these two muscles are responsible for elevating the rib cages during inhalation
    A. Internal & External Intercostal
    B. Serratus Post. Superior & External Intercostal
    C. Serratus Post. Superior & Inferior
    D. Serratus Post. Inferior & Internal Intercostal
    B. Serratus Post. Superior & External Intercostal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  145. This muscle is responsible for the formation of the "6 pack" stomach
    A. Rectus Abdominis
    B. External Oblique
    C. Internal Oblique
    D. Transverse Abdominis
    A. Rectus Abdominis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  146. This muscle travels from the sacral area up to include the mastoid process of the skull
    A. Spinalis
    B. Longissimus
    C. Iliocostalis
    D. Rotatores
    B. Longissimus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  147. This abdominal muscle is responsible for rotation of the vertebral column.
    A. Quadratus Lumborum
    B. Rectus Abdominis
    C. Transverse Abdominis
    D. External Oblique
    D. External Oblique
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  148. The broad tendinous band located in the lower back is called?
    A. Lamina groove
    B. Thoracolumbar Fascia
    C. Abdominal Fascia
    D. Linea Alba
    B. Thoracolumbar Fascia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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