Reciprocity

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Author:
gandalfthegrey
ID:
195502
Filename:
Reciprocity
Updated:
2013-01-26 15:23:28
Tags:
Cultural Anthropology
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Description:
Midterm II
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  1. Types of Distribution + Exchange
  2. Define market exchange.
    A buyer/seller trying to get their monies worth.
  3. In a market exchange, what is their a lack of between the buyer and seller?
    Personal connection.
  4. Taking something and giving it to another is known as ______.
    redistribution
  5. What kind of redistribution takes no personal connection?
    Charity
  6. Reciprocity
  7. Define reciprocity.
    Exchange between equals who are normally related by kinship,marriage, or close personal ties.
  8. Reciprocity is thought of as an informal _____ system or an informal exchange of _____ & _______.
    economic; goods; services
  9. What did Mauss call reciprocity?
    "The Gift"
  10. What are the three types of reciprocity?
    • Generalized
    • Balanced
    • Negative reciprocity/barter
  11. Define generalized reciprocity. Give an example.
    One person exchanges material without expectations of any material return. Parents with their children.
  12. Define balanced reciprocity.
    An exchange with another person in which it is expected that one will be payed back in the future.
  13. True/False: Balanced reciprocity is about the money/value of the gift. If false, why?
    False. It is about the person.
  14. Define negative reciprocity/barter.
    Immediate exchange.

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