A&P Final review: Integumentary System

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fidelforde
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195574
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A&P Final review: Integumentary System
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2013-01-26 21:53:11
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Integumentary System review
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Integumentary System
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  1. The ___ contains keratin, melanocytes, Langerhans cells and 5 layers

    A. Vitamin D
    B. Epidermis
    C. Vitamin A (carotene)
    D. Dermis
    E. Hypodermis
    B. Epidermis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Excessive amounts of ___ may cause the skin to turn “yellowish”

    A. Hypodermis
    B. Vitamin A (carotene)
    C. Dermis
    D. Vitamin D
    E. Epidermis
    B. Vitamin A (carotene)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. The ___ is known as the skin’s “foundation” and supplies blood and nerves

    A. Hypodermis
    B. Vitamin A (carotene)
    C. Dermis
    D. Vitamin D
    E. Epidermis
    A. Hypodermis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Cleavage (tension) lines and stretch marks are mostly associated with the ___ 

    A. Epidermis
    B. Hypodermis
    C. Vitamin D
    D. Vitamin A (carotene)
    E. Dermis
    E. Dermis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. ___ Is important for helping with the absorption of calcium

    A. Vitamin D
    B. Epidermis
    C. Vitamin A (carotene)
    D. Hypodermis
    E. Dermis
    A. Vitamin D
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. What are the pathological conditions that affect the skin?
    Bacteria, Fungal, Viral,
  7. True or false
    Melanin is a pigment that helps protect cells from UV radiation
    True
  8. True or False
    Melanin is present in individuals known as albinos
    False
  9. True or False
    Melanin is not present in individuals known as albinos
    True
  10. True or False
    At birth, lanugo hairs cover the scalp, eyelids and eyebrows of the infant
    False

    It is present before birth
  11. Vitamin A is synthesized by the skin
    True
  12. True or False
    The hair follicle protrudes above the surface
    False
  13. Hair is present only on thick skin
    False
  14. Cyanosis may cause a reddish tint to the skin
    True
  15. Keratinization
    A. occurs in the dermis
    B. results in the formation of new epidermal cells
    C. determines skin color
    D. produces a layer of cells that resists abrasion
    D. produces a layer of cells that resists abrasion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. The portion of the nail that produces most of the nail is the
    A. lunula
    B. eponychium
    C. nail root
    D. nail matrix
    D. nail matrix
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The layer of the epidermis that undergoes mitosis and forms new epidermal cells is the
    A. stratum lucidum
    B. stratum basale
    C. stratum granulosum
    D. stratum corneum
    B. stratum basale
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Intact skin provides protections because

    A. It forms a physical barrier against the entry of microbes
    B. It’s secretions keep the skin slightly alkaline
    C. The skin contains components from the excretory system
    D. The skin enhances water loss from the body
    A. It forms a physical barrier against the entry of microbes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Contractions of the arrector pili muscle

    A. empties the sweat glands
    B. causes the hair to curl
    C. occurs in response to the heat
    D. leads to “goose bumps” on the skin
    D. leads to “goose bumps” on the skin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Sweat glands
    A. produce an oily secretion
    B. are sebaceous glands
    C. aid in cooling the body
    D. none of the above
    C. aid in cooling the body
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. The layer of epidermis that is constantly shed is the
    A. stratum corneum
    B. stratum basale
    C. stratum granulosum
    D. stratum germinativum
    A. stratum corneum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Which item is NOT a tangible effect of massage on the skin
    A. Improves skin condition
    B. Causes pain
    C. Increases skin temperature
    D. Stimulates sebaceous glands
    B. Causes pain
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. What skin pathology results in a ring like fungal infection on the body
    A. Impetigo
    B. Moles
    C. Scleroderma
    D. Body Ringworm
    D. Body Ringworm
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. What is the most lethal form of skin cancer
    A. Squamous Cell Carcinoma
    B. Basal Cell Carcinoma
    C. Malignant Melanoma
    D. Carcinoma In Situ
    C. Malignant Melanoma
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Which sensory receptor is responsible for detecting cold
    A. Merkel Disks
    B. Krause End Bulbs
    C. Free Nerve Endings
    D. Ruffini End Organs
    B. Krause End Bulbs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Which receptor responds to movements of hair
    A. Meissner's Corpuscles
    B. Hair Follicle Receptors
    C. Pacinian Corpuscle
    D. Merkel Disks
    B. Hair Follicle Receptors
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Which type of burn is least painful
    A. 1st degree
    B. 2nd degree
    C. 3rd degree
    D. None of the above
    C. 3rd degree
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Light skinned races such as Caucasians have approximately ____ of melanocytes as races with darker skins.
    A. greate number
    B. same number
    C. zero number
    D. less number
    B. same number
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. What is the difference between thin and thick skin?
    Thick skin has 5 layers (Stratum lucidum) and has no hairThin skin has 4 layers and has hair
  30. What is the function of Keratin: 
    Waterproofing and hardening of the skin
  31. There are three forms of skin cancer, what are they?
    • Basal cell carcinoma
    • Squamous carcinoma
    • Malignant melanoma (Most deadly)

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